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MarketScreener Homepage  >  Equities  >  Toronto Stock Exchange  >  Manulife Financial Corporation    MFC   CA56501R1064

MANULIFE FINANCIAL CORPORATION

(MFC)
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Manulife Financial : Company Information Sheet

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02/13/2020 | 03:51am EDT

COMPANY INFORMATION SHEET

This information sheet is provided for the purpose of giving information to the public about Manulife Financial Corporation (the "Company") as at the date specified below. The information does not purport to be a complete summary of information about the Company and/or its securities. For more information on the Company, please see the Company's profile on www.hkex.com.hkor visit the Company's website at www.manulife.com.

Responsibility Statement

The General Counsel of the Company hereby accepts full responsibility for the accuracy of the information contained in this information sheet (other than the summary of foreign laws and regulations) as at the date hereof and confirms, having made all reasonable inquiries, that to the best of his knowledge and belief (i) the information is accurate and complete in all material respects and not misleading or deceptive and (ii) there are no other material facts the omission of which would make the information misleading or deceptive.

The General Counsel of the Company also confirms that the Company undertakes to file this information sheet on an annual basis when the Company publishes its annual report to shareholders.

Date of this information sheet: February 12, 2020

1

CONTENT

PART A SUMMARY OF WAIVERS AND EXEMPTIONS* .................................................

3

PART B SUMMARY OF FOREIGN LAWS AND REGULATIONS ...................................

14

PART C CONSTITUTIONAL DOCUMENTS*.....................................................................

20

* No change from information sheet dated February 13, 2019.

2

PART A SUMMARY OF WAIVERS AND EXEMPTIONS

The Company has entered into a Listing Agreement with the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited dated September 24, 1999 (the "Listing Agreement") whereby so long as the Company remains listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange and the Toronto Stock Exchange remains recognized for the purposes of the Exchange Listing Rules, the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong (the "Exchange") shall permit the Company to follow the Canadian Rules in respect of the Company's listing in Hong Kong and to the extent any ambiguity or conflict may arise between the requirements of the Exchange Listing Rules and the Canadian Rules, the Exchange shall defer to the Canadian Rules insofar as permitted by law. The "Canadian Rules" as defined in the Listing Agreement means all rules and regulations applicable to the Company from time to time in force including but not limited to the Insurance Companies Act (Canada), federal, provincial securities and other legislation in Canada and the rules of the Toronto Stock Exchange.

The Company has been granted the following automatic waivers pursuant to the Joint Policy Statement Regarding the Listing of Overseas Companies (amended on April 30, 2018):

  1. Automatic Waivers

Relevant Rule Waived

Subject Matter

Rule 3.17

Compliance with the provisions regarding dealings in securities by directors in

the Model Code in Appendix 10 to the Listing Rules

Rules 3.21 to 3.23

Audit Committee requirements

Rules 3.25 to 3.27

Remuneration Committee requirements

Rules 3.28 and 3.29

Requirements with respect to having a Hong Kong qualified company secretary

Rules 4.06 and 4.07

Content of accountants' reports for notifiable transaction circulars

Chapter 7

Requirements relating to methods of listing (limited to issues outside the

Exchange's markets)

Rule 8.09(4)

Market capitalization requirements of options, warrants and other rights (limited

to issues outside the Exchange's markets)

Rule 8.18

Requirements for issues of options, warrants and other similar rights (limited to

issues outside the Exchange's markets)

Rule 9.11(10)(b)

Submission of a final or an advanced draft of the board's profit forecast

memorandum to the Exchange where the Application Proof does not contain a

profit forecast

Rule 10.05

Compliance with Code on Share Repurchase and Takeovers Code

Note: The Codes on Takeovers and Mergers and Share Buy-backs does not apply

to the Company.

Rules 10.06(2)(a) to (c)

Restrictions and notification requirements on issuers purchasing their own shares

and 10.06(2)(e)

on a stock exchange

3

Relevant Rule Waived

Subject Matter

Rule 10.06(4)

Reporting requirements on issuers purchasing their own shares on a stock

exchange

Rule 10.06(5)

Status of purchased shares

Rules 10.07(1),

Restriction on disposal of shares by a controlling shareholder after a new listing

10.07(2) to (4)

Rule 10.08

Restriction on further issues of securities within six months of listing

Rules 13.11 to 13.22

Advances to entities and financing arrangements etc.

Rule 13.23(1)

Disclosure requirements relating to notifiable and connected transactions

Rule 13.23(2)

Compliance with Code on Share Repurchase and Takeovers Code

Rule 13.25A

Changes in share capital - next day disclosure

Rule 13.27

Disclosure requirements relating to convertible equity securities (limited to

issues outside the Exchange's markets)

Rules 13.28 to 13.29

Disclosures relating to issues under a general mandate

Rule 13.31(1)

Reporting requirements relating to purchase of securities

Rules 13.37 and 13.38

Certain matters relating to the publication of notices of AGMs and the

appointment of proxies

Rules 13.39(1) to (5)

Shareholder meeting requirements

and 13.40 to 13.42

Rules 13.39(6) to (7)

Independent board committee and independent financial adviser appointment

(limited to cases other than where a spin-off proposal requires approval by

shareholders of the parent)

Rules 13.44 to 13.45

Board meeting requirements

Rule 13.47

Contents requirements for annual and interim reports

Rule 13.48(2)

Interim report to comply with Appendix 16

Rule 13.49

Requirements for preliminary results announcements

Rule 13.51(1)

Notification of changes in constitutional documents

Rule 13.51(2)

Notification of changes in directorate. Limitation: each new director or member

of the issuer's governing body must sign and lodge with the Exchange, as soon

as practicable, a declaration and undertaking in the form set out in Form B of

Appendix 5 to the Listing Rules

Rules 13.51B and

Provision of information on and by directors, supervisors and chief executives

13.51C

4

Relevant Rule Waived

Subject Matter

Rules 13.52(1)(b) to

Pre-vetting of circulars and announcements (waiver from Rule 13.52(1)(e)(iv)

(d), 13.52(1)(e)(i), (ii)

relating to pre-vetting of circulars and announcements for various transactions

and (iv) and

requiring shareholders' approval is limited to issues outside the Exchange's

13.52(2)

markets)

Rule 13.67

Requirement to adopt rules governing dealings by directors no less exacting than

those in the Model Code for directors' dealings

Rule 13.68

Shareholders' approval of directors' service contracts

Rule 13.74

Disclosure of directors' details in a notice or circular

Rules 13.80 to 13.87

Independent financial adviser requirements (limited to cases other than where a

spin-off proposal requires approval by shareholders of the parent)

Rule 13.88

Appointment and removal of auditors

Rules 13.89 and 13.91

Compliance with the Corporate Governance Code in Appendix 14 and

Environmental, and Social Matters Governance Reporting Guide in Appendix 27

Chapter 14

Notifiable transaction requirements

Chapter 14A

Connected transaction requirements

Chapter 15

Options, warrants and similar rights (limited to issues outside the Exchange's

markets)

Chapter 16

Convertible equity securities (limited to issues outside the Exchange's markets)

Chapter 17

Share option schemes

Practice Note 4

Issue of new warrants to existing warrantholders (limited to issues outside the

Exchange's markets)

Practice Note 15,

Definitions, Introduction and Principles regarding spin-offs (limited to

Paragraphs 1 to 3(b)

circumstances where the spun-off assets or businesses are not to be listed on the

Exchange's markets and the approval of shareholders of the parent is not

required)

Practice Note 15,

Principles and effective date regarding spin-offs (limited to circumstances where

Paragraphs 3(d) to 5

the spun-off assets or businesses are not to be listed on the Exchange's markets

and the approval of shareholders of the parent is not required)

Appendix 3, Paragraphs

Requirements relating to constitutional documents

1, 2(1), 3, 4(1), 4(2),

4(4), 4(5), 5, 6, 7(1),

7(3), 8, 9, 10, 11, and

13(1)

Appendix 10

Model Code for Securities Transactions by Directors of Listed Issuers

Appendix 14

Corporate Governance Code and Corporate Governance Report

5

Relevant Rule Waived

Subject Matter

Appendix 16

Certain disclosure requirements for financial statements to be included in certain

reports, documents and circulars of an issuer

Appendix 21

Independent Financial Adviser's independence declaration (except in cases

where a spin-off proposal requires approval by shareholders of the parent)

Appendix 22

Independent Financial Adviser's undertaking (except in cases where a spin-off

proposal requires approval by shareholders of the parent)

Appendix 27

Environmental, Social and Governance Reporting Guide

6

  1. Additional Waivers Obtained

In addition, the Company has been granted complete or partial waivers and exemptions from certain of the Exchange Listing Rules and requirements which, as at the date of this information sheet, include the following:

Relevant Rule Waived

Subject Matter

Rule 2.07C(4)(c)

Use of Electronic Means

Requires an issuer to submit the ready-to-publish electronic copy of

both the English and Chinese versions of a document together to the

Exchange for publication on the Exchange's website, in respect of the

following announcements: (a) preliminary announcements of final

results; (b) announcements relating to change in terms of convertible

securities; (c) announcements relating to closure of books; (d)

announcements relating to notice of AGM; (e) announcements

relating to issue of securities under a general mandate (including

issue of securities for cash in Hong Kong and outside Hong Kong);

and (f) announcements relating to withdrawal of listing. As a

consequence of the grant of a waiver, the Company is permitted to

file the English version of the relevant announcements during the

morning ESS window and to file the Chinese translation no later than

the close of the evening ESS window, after trading has ceased on the

same day.

Rule 2.07C(6)

Use of Electronic Means

Requires that every issuer must have its own website on which it

must publish any announcement, notice or other document submitted

by the issuer pursuant to Rule 2.07C for publication on the

Exchange's website and such publication should be at the same time

as submission of the electronic copy of the document to the Exchange

for publication on the Exchange's website, in respect of publication

of the following information on the Company's website: (a) AGM

notice; (b) notice of meeting; (c) record date; and (d) notice of board

meeting. As a consequence of the grant of a waiver, the Company is

exempt from the requirement to post the information described in (a)

to (d) on its own website. The Company's website contains a link to

the SEDAR website where the public can access the information

described in (a) to (c) above and with respect to the information

described in (d), the Company posts the dates of upcoming earnings

releases on its website for public information.

Chapter 4

Accountants' Reports and Pro Forma Financial Information

Sets out the detailed requirements for accountants' reports on the

profits and losses, assets and liabilities of, and other financial

information on, an issuer and/or a business or company, to be

acquired or disposed of (as the case may be) by an issuer for

inclusion in listing documents or circulars. The Company was exempt

from Chapter 4 with respect to its listing document dated September

22, 1999.

7

Relevant Rule Waived

Subject Matter

Chapter 5

Disclosure of Property Valuation Report

Requires the valuations of and information on all the issuer's interests

in land or buildings ("properties") to be included in a listing

document issued by a new applicant. The Company is exempt from

compliance with Chapter 5 under the Listing Agreement.

Chapter 7

Methods of Listing Equity Securities

Deals with the methods by which equity securities may be brought to

listing on the Exchange. The Company is exempt from compliance

with the methods except for offers or rights issues (or part of them) in

Hong Kong and the Company is permitted to use the North American

prospectus form where an offer is made in North America and Hong

Kong, subject to compliance with the Companies Ordinance.

Rule 8.12

Qualifications for Listing

Requires that a new applicant applying for a primary listing on the

Exchange must have a sufficient management presence in Hong

Kong. The Company is exempt from compliance with this rule under

the Listing Agreement as this rule shall not apply to secondary issuers

in general.

Rule 8.17

Qualifications for Listing

Requires that the issuer must appoint as its company secretary an

individual who, by virtue of his academic or professional

qualifications or relevant experience, is, in the opinion of the

Exchange, capable of discharging the functions of company secretary.

The Company is exempt from compliance with this rule under the

Listing Agreement as this rule shall not apply to secondary issuers in

general.

Rule 13.25A(1)

Disclosure of Changes in Issued Share Capital

Requires an issuer to release a next day disclosure return in respect of

changes in issued share capital. As a consequence of the grant of a

waiver, the Company is permitted to publish next day returns on the

Exchange's website no later than 30 minutes before the earlier of the

commencement of the morning trading session or any pre-opening

session on the tenth calendar day next following the relevant changes

in the Company's issued share capital.

Please also refer to Section I - Automatic Waivers.

Rule 13.25B

Disclosure of Changes in Issued Share Capital

Requires an issuer to release a monthly return by 9:00 a.m. of the

fifth day following the end of each calendar month in relation to

movements in the share capital and other securities of the listed

issuer. As a consequence of the grant of a waiver, the Company is

permitted to publish monthly returns on the Exchange's website no

later than 9:00 a.m. on the tenth calendar day next following the end

of each calendar month.

8

Relevant Rule Waived

Subject Matter

Rule 13.28

Disclosure of Changes in Issued Share Capital

Requires the disclosure of information for the issue of securities. The

Company is exempt from compliance with this rule on the basis that

there are corresponding disclosure requirements on the issue of

securities under a general mandate under the Listing Agreement.

Rule 13.38

Proxy Forms

Requires an issuer to send with the notice convening a meeting of

holders of listed securities to all persons entitled to vote at the

meeting proxy forms, with provision for two-way voting on all

resolutions intended to be proposed thereat. The Company is exempt

from compliance with this rule on the basis that there is a

corresponding requirement under the Listing Agreement in

accordance with the Canadian Rules.

Rule 13.39(5)

Meetings of Shareholders

Requires the issuer to announce the results of a poll as soon as

possible, but in any event not later than the time that is 30 minutes

before the earlier of the commencement of the morning trading

session or any pre-opening session on the business day following the

meeting. As a consequence of the grant of a waiver, the Company is

permitted to announce the results of the poll as soon as practicable

and within 24 hours after the meeting.

Please also refer to Section I - Automatic Waivers.

Rule 13.48

Interim Reports

Requires the issuer to send to its members and other holders of its

listed securities either (i) an interim report, or (ii) a summary interim

report not later than three months after the end of the first six-month

period of each financial year. The Company is exempt from

compliance with this rule on the basis that there is a corresponding

requirement under the Listing Agreement in accordance with the

Canadian Rules.

Rule 13.51

Changes

Requires an issuer to inform the Exchange immediately of any

decision made and publish an announcement as soon as practicable in

regard to (1) any proposed alteration of the issuer's memorandum or

articles of association or equivalent documents (2) any changes in its

directorate or supervisory committee (3) any change in the rights

attaching to any class of listed securities and any change in the rights

attaching to any shares into which any listed debt securities are

convertible or exchangeable (4) any change in its auditors or financial

year end, the reason(s) for the change and any other matters that need

to be brought to the attention of holders of securities of the issuer (5)

any change in its secretary, share registrar or registered address or

where applicable, agent for the service of process in Hong Kong or

registered office or registered place of business in Hong Kong; and

9

Relevant Rule Waived

Subject Matter

(6) any change in its Compliance Adviser. The Company is exempt

from compliance with this rule on the basis that there are

corresponding requirements under the Listing Agreement in

accordance with the Canadian Rules.

Rule 13.51B

Information in Respect of and by Directors

Requires the disclosure of change in directors' information in the

announcement and the interim/annual report. The Company is exempt

from compliance with this rule on the basis that the Company will

follow the Canadian Rules on disclosure of information in respect of

and by directors.

Rule 13.55

Circulars to Holders of Securities

Requires that in the event of a circular being issued to the holders of

any of the issuer's securities, the issuer shall issue a copy or summary

of such circular to the holders of all its other securities unless the

contents of such circular are of no material concern to such other

holders. The Company is exempt from compliance with this rule on

the basis that there is a corresponding provision under the Listing

Agreement in accordance with the Canadian Rules.

Rule 13.68

Directors' Service Contracts

Requires an issuer to obtain the prior approval of its shareholders in a

general meeting for any service contract to be granted by the issuer or

any of its subsidiaries to any director or proposed director of the

issuer or to any director or proposed director of any of its subsidiaries

which (a) is for a duration that may exceed three years; or (b) in order

to entitle the issuer to terminate the contract, expressly requires the

issuer to give a period of notice of more than one year or to pay

compensation or make other payments equivalent to more than one

year's emoluments.

Rule 13.69

Directors' Service Contracts

Provides that directors' service contracts entered into by the issuer or

any of its subsidiaries in accordance with the Exchange Listing Rules

on or before 31 January 2004 are exempt from the shareholders'

approval requirement under rule 13.68. Upon any variation as to

duration or payment on termination or any other material terms of the

directors' service contracts or renewal of any such directors' service

contracts, the issuer must comply in full with the requirements set out

in rule 13.68 in respect of the service contracts effected after such

variation or renewal. Pursuant to paragraph 14A of Appendix 16, the

issuer must include particulars of any service contracts that are

exempt under this rule in its annual reports during the term of any

such service contracts.

The Company is exempt from compliance with the above rules on the

basis that there is a corresponding provision under the Listing

Agreement which requires the Company to procure that no service

10

Relevant Rule Waived

Subject Matter

contract shall be granted by the Company or any of its subsidiaries to

any director or proposed director of the Company or to any director

or proposed director of any subsidiary in breach of the Canadian

Rules.

Chapter 14

Notifiable Transactions

Deals with certain transactions, principally acquisitions and disposals,

by a listed issuer and describes how they are classified, the details

that are required to be disclosed in respect of them and whether a

circular and shareholders' approval are required. Waiver from the

operation of Chapter 14 has been granted in its entirety on the basis

that the Company is subject to a wide range of continuing obligations

under the Canadian Rules which are broadly commensurate with the

shareholders protections under this Chapter.

Chapter 14A

Connected Transactions

The provisions of which are intended to ensure that the interests of

shareholders as a whole are taken into account by a listed issuer when

the listed issuer enters into connected transactions. The rules set out

in this Chapter also provide certain safeguards against listed issuers'

directors, chief executives or substantial shareholders (or their

associates) taking advantage of their positions. Waiver from the

operation of Chapter 14A has been granted in its entirety on the basis

that the Company is subject to a wide range of continuing obligations

under the Canadian Rules which are broadly commensurate with the

shareholders protections under this Chapter.

Chapter 15

Options, Warrants and Similar Rights

Applies both to options, warrants and similar rights to subscribe or

purchase equity securities of an issuer which are issued or granted on

their own by that issuer or any of its subsidiaries ("warrants") and to

warrants which are attached to other securities but does not apply to

any options which are granted under an employee or executive share

scheme which complies with Chapter 17. The Company is exempt

from compliance with Chapter 15 on the basis that the relevant

common shares to which the options, warrants and similar rights

relate are not entered on the register of shareholders in Hong Kong.

11

Relevant Rule Waived

Subject Matter

Chapter 17

Share Option Schemes

Applies to all schemes involving the grant by a listed issuer or any of

its subsidiaries of options over new shares or other new securities of

the listed issuer or any of its subsidiaries to, or for the benefit of,

specified participants of such schemes.

The Company is exempt from compliance with Chapter 17 under the

Listing Agreement on the basis that the Company will follow the

Canadian Rules.

Rule 19.37

Accountants' Reports of Secondary Listing of Overseas Issuers

Requires the reporting accountant to be independent both of the

overseas issuer and of any other company concerned.

Rule 19.38

Accountants' Reports of Secondary Listing of Overseas Issuers

Requires that a report will not normally be regarded as acceptable

unless the relevant accounts have been audited to a standard

comparable to that required in Hong Kong.

Rule 19.39

Accountants' Reports of Secondary Listing of Overseas Issuers

Requires reports to conform with accounting standards acceptable to

the Exchange which will normally be: (a) Hong Kong Financial

Reporting Standards; or (b) International Financial Reporting

Standards; or (c) generally accepted accounting principles in the

United States of America ("US GAAP").

Rule 19.40

Accountants' Reports of Secondary Listing of Overseas Issuers

Requires that where the figures in the report differ from those in the

audited annual accounts, a statement of adjustments must be

submitted to the Exchange enabling the figures to be reconciled.

The Company is exempt from compliance with the above rules under

the Listing Agreement as they shall not apply to the Company.

Appendix 2B

Definitive Documents of Title

Deals with definitive documents of titles such as registered equity

securities, registered debt securities, bearer securities and registered

depositary receipts. The Company is exempt from compliance with

Appendix 2B under the Listing Agreement other than paragraphs

3(2), 3(4) and 6 (to the extent applicable).

Appendix 3

Articles of Association

Articles of Association the provisions of which the Articles of

Association or equivalent document of a listed issuer must conform

and, where necessary, a certified copy of a resolution of the board of

directors or other governing body undertaking to comply with the

appropriate provisions must be lodged with the Exchange. The

Company is exempt from compliance with Appendix 3 under the

12

Relevant Rule Waived

Subject Matter

Listing Agreement other than paragraphs 2(2), 3(2), 6(1), 7(3), 9 and

10(1) (to the extent applicable).

Please also refer to Section I - Automatic Waivers.

Appendix 16

Disclosure of Financial Information

Sets out the minimum financial information that a listed issuer shall

include in its preliminary announcements of results, interim reports,

summary interim reports, annual reports, summary financial reports,

listing documents and circulars in relation to equity securities. The

Company is exempt from compliance with Appendix 16 under the

Listing Agreement on the basis that the Company shall follow the

Canadian Rules on disclosure of financial information.

13

PART B SUMMARY OF FOREIGN LAWS AND REGULATIONS

Manulife Financial Corporation (the "Company") is a life insurance company incorporated under the Insurance Companies Act (Canada) (the "Act"). Below is a summary of regulation under the Act as well as information regarding the Company's share capital. The Company's common shares are listed for trading under the symbol "MFC" on the Toronto Stock Exchange, the New York Stock Exchange, and the Philippine Stock Exchange and under "0945" on The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong.

REGULATIONS IN CANADA

The Act is administered, and activities of the Company are supervised, by the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions ("OSFI"). The Act permits insurance companies to offer, directly or through subsidiaries or through networking arrangements, a broad range of financial services, including banking, investment counseling and portfolio management, mutual funds, trust services, real property brokerage and appraisal, information processing and merchant banking services.

The Act requires the filing of annual and other reports on the financial condition of the Company, provides for periodic examinations of the Company's affairs, imposes restrictions on transactions with related parties, and sets forth requirements governing reserves for actuarial liabilities and the safekeeping of assets and other matters. OSFI supervises the Company on a consolidated basis (including capital adequacy) to ensure that OSFI has an overview of the group's activities. This includes the ability to review both insurance and non-insurance activities conducted by subsidiaries of the Company with supervisory power to bring about corrective action.

Capital Requirements

The Act requires Canadian insurance companies to maintain adequate levels of capital, at all times. Regulated subsidiaries of the Company must maintain minimum levels of capital, which are based on the local capital regime and the statutory accounting basis in each jurisdiction.

Restrictions on Shareholder Dividends and Capital Transactions

The Act prohibits the declaration or payment of any dividend on shares of an insurance company if there are reasonable grounds for believing an insurance company does not have adequate capital and adequate and appropriate forms of liquidity, or declaration or the payment of the dividend would cause the insurance company to be in contravention of any regulation made under the Act respecting the maintenance of adequate capital and adequate and appropriate forms of liquidity, or any direction made to the company by the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (Canada) (the "Superintendent"). The Act also requires an insurance company to notify the Superintendent of the declaration of a dividend at least 15 days prior to the date fixed for its payment. Similarly, the Act prohibits the purchase for cancellation of any shares issued by an insurance company or the redemption of any redeemable shares or other similar capital transactions, if there are reasonable grounds for believing that the company does not have adequate capital and adequate and appropriate forms of liquidity, or the purchase or the payment would cause

14

the company to be, in contravention of any regulation made under the Act respecting the maintenance of adequate capital and adequate and appropriate forms of liquidity, or any direction made to the company by the Superintendent. These latter transactions would require the prior approval of the Superintendent.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF CAPITAL STRUCTURE

The Company has authorized share capital consisting of an unlimited number of common shares ("Common Shares"), an unlimited number of Class A Shares ("Class A Shares"), an unlimited number of Class B Shares ("Class B Shares") and an unlimited number of Class 1 Shares ("Class 1 Shares") (collectively, the Class A Shares, Class B Shares and Class 1 Shares are "Preferred Shares").

As of December 31, 2019, the Company had the following Common Shares, Class A Shares and Class 1 Shares issued:

Common Shares

1,948,811,715

Class A Shares Series 2

14,000,000

Class A Shares Series 3

12,000,000

Class 1 Shares Series 3

6,335,831

Class 1 Shares Series 4

1,664,169

Class 1 Shares Series 5

8,000,000

Class 1 Shares Series 7

10,000,000

Class 1 Shares Series 9

10,000,000

Class 1 Shares Series 11

8,000,000

Class 1 Shares Series 13

8,000,000

Class 1 Shares Series 15

8,000,000

Class 1 Shares Series 17

14,000,000

Class 1 Shares Series 19

10,000,000

Class 1 Shares Series 21

17,000,000

Class 1 Shares Series 23

19,000,000

Class 1 Shares Series 25

10,000,000

The Company has authorized but not issued Class 1 Shares Series 6, Class 1 Shares Series 8, Class 1 Shares Series 10, Class 1 Shares Series 12, Class 1 Shares Series 14, Class 1 Shares Series 16, Class 1 Shares Series 18, Class 1 Shares Series 20, Class 1 Shares Series 22, Class 1 Shares Series 24 and Class 1 Shares Series 26.

15

Certain Provisions of the Class A Shares as a Class

The following is a summary of certain provisions attaching to the Class A Shares as a class.

Priority

Each series of Class A Shares ranks on a parity with every other series of Class A Shares and every series of Class 1 Shares with respect to dividends and return of capital. The Class A Shares shall be entitled to a preference over the Class B Shares, the Common Shares and any other shares ranking junior to the Class A Shares with respect to priority in payment of dividends and in the distribution of assets in the event of the liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Company, whether voluntary or involuntary, or any other distribution of the assets of the Company among its shareholders for the specific purpose of winding up its affairs.

Certain Provisions of the Class B Shares as a Class

The following is a summary of certain provisions attaching to the Class B Shares as a class.

Priority

Each series of Class B Shares ranks on a parity with every other series of Class B Shares with respect to dividends and return of capital. The Class B Shares shall rank junior to the Class A Shares and the Class 1 Shares with respect to priority in payment of dividends and in the distribution of assets in the event of the liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company, whether voluntary or involuntary, or any other distribution of the assets of the Company among its shareholders for the specific purpose of winding up its affairs, but the Class B Shares shall be entitled to a preference over the Common Shares and any other shares ranking junior to the Class B Shares with respect to priority in payment of dividends and the distribution of assets in the event of the liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company, whether voluntary or involuntary, or any other distribution of the assets of the Company among its shareholders for the specific purpose of winding up its affairs.

Certain Provisions of the Class 1 Shares as a Class

The following is a summary of certain provisions attaching to the Class 1 Shares as a class.

Priority

Each series of Class 1 Shares ranks on a parity with every other series of Class 1 Shares and every series of Class A Shares with respect to dividends and return of capital. The Class 1 Shares shall be entitled to a preference over the Class B Shares, the Common Shares and any other shares ranking junior to the Class 1 Shares with respect to priority in payment of dividends and in the distribution of assets in the event of the liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Company, whether voluntary or involuntary, or any other distribution of the assets of the Company among its shareholders for the specific purpose of winding up its affairs.

16

Certain Provisions Common to the Class A Shares, Class B Shares and Class 1 Shares

The following is a summary of certain provisions attaching to the Class A Shares as a class, to the Class B Shares as a class and to the Class 1 Shares as a class.

Directors' Right to Issue in One or More Series

The Class A Shares, Class B Shares and Class 1 Shares may be issued at any time and from time to time in one or more series. Before any shares of a series are issued, the Board of Directors of the Company shall fix the number of shares that will form such series, if any, and shall, subject to any limitations set out in the by-laws of the Company or in the Act, determine the designation, rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions to be attached to the Class A Shares, Class B Shares or Class 1 Shares as the case may be, of such series, the whole subject to the filing with the Superintendent of the particulars of such series, including the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions determined by the Board of Directors of the Company.

Summaries of the terms for each series of the Class A Shares and Class 1 Shares that have been issued or authorized for issuance are contained in the prospectuses relating to such shares, which are available on SEDAR at www.sedar.com.

Voting Rights of Preferred Shares

Except as hereinafter referred to or as required by law or as specified in the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attached from time to time to any series of Class A Shares, Class B Shares or Class 1 Shares, the holders of such Class A Shares, Class B Shares or Class 1 Shares as a class shall not be entitled as such to receive notice of, to attend or to vote at any meeting of the shareholders of the Company.

Amendment with Approval of Holders of Preferred Shares

The rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attached to each of the Class A Shares, Class B Shares and Class 1 Shares as a class may be added to, changed or removed but only with the approval of the holders of such class of Preferred Shares given as hereinafter specified.

Approval of Holders of Preferred Shares

The approval of the holders of a class of Preferred Shares to add to, change or remove any right, privilege, restriction or condition attaching to such class of Preferred Shares as a class or in respect of any other matter requiring the consent of the holders of such class of Preferred Shares may be given in such manner as may then be required by law, subject to a minimum requirement that such approval be given by resolution signed by all the holders of such class of Preferred Shares or passed by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds (2/3) of the votes cast at a meeting of the holders of such class of Preferred Shares duly called for that purpose. Notwithstanding any other condition or provision of any class of Preferred Shares, the approval of the holders of any class, voting separately as a class or series, is not required on a proposal to amend the by-laws of the Company to:

  1. increase or decrease the maximum number of authorized Class A Shares, Class B Shares or Class 1 Shares, as the case may be, or increase the maximum number of

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authorized shares of a class of shares having rights or privileges equal or superior to such class of Preferred Shares;

  1. effect the exchange, reclassification or cancellation of all or any part of the Class A Shares, Class B Shares or Class 1 Shares, as the case may be; or
  2. create a new class of shares equal to or superior to the Class A Shares, the Class B Shares or the Class 1 Shares, as the case may be.

The formalities to be observed with respect to the giving of notice of any such meeting or any adjourned meeting, the quorum required therefor and the conduct thereof shall be those from time to time required by the Act as in force at the time of the meeting and those, if any, prescribed by the by-laws or the administrative resolutions of the Company with respect to meetings of shareholders. On every poll taken at every meeting of the holders of a class of Preferred Shares as a class, or at any joint meeting of the holders of two or more series of a class of Preferred Shares, each holder of such class of Preferred Shares entitled to vote thereat shall have one vote in respect of each relevant Preferred Share held.

Certain Provisions of the Common Shares as a Class

The authorized common share capital of the Company consists of an unlimited number of Common Shares without nominal or par value. Each holder of Common Shares is entitled to receive notice of and to attend all meetings of the shareholders of the Company and is entitled to one vote for each share held except for meetings at which only holders of another specified class or series of shares of the Company are entitled to vote separately as a class or series. The holders of Common Shares are entitled to receive dividends as and when declared by the Board of Directors of the Company, subject to the preference of the holders of Class A Shares, Class B Shares, Class 1 Shares and any other shares ranking senior to the Common Shares with respect to priority in payment of dividends. After payment to the holders of Class A Shares, Class B Shares, Class 1 Shares and any other shares ranking senior to Common Shares with respect to priority in the distribution of assets in the event of the liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company, the holders of Common Shares shall be entitled to receive prorated the net assets of the Company remaining, after the payment of all creditors and liquidation preferences, if any, that pertains to shareholders.

DIVIDENDS

The declaration and payment of dividends and the amount thereof is subject to the discretion of the Board of Directors and is dependent upon the results of operations, financial condition, cash requirements and future prospects of, and regulatory restrictions on the payment of dividends by, the Company and other factors deemed relevant by the Board of Directors.

Since the Company is a holding company that conducts all of its operations through regulated insurance subsidiaries (or companies owned directly or indirectly by these subsidiaries), its ability to pay future dividends will depend on the receipt of sufficient funds from its regulated insurance subsidiaries. These subsidiaries are also subject to certain regulatory restrictions under laws in Canada, the United States and certain other countries that may limit their ability to pay dividends or make other upstream distributions.

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CONSTRAINTS ON OWNERSHIP OF SHARES

The Act contains restrictions on the purchase or other acquisition, issue, transfer and voting of the shares of the Company. Pursuant to these restrictions, no person is permitted to acquire any shares of the Company if the acquisition would cause the person to have a "significant interest" in any class of shares of the Company, unless the prior approval of the Minister of Finance (Canada) is obtained. The restrictions also prohibit any person from becoming a "major shareholder" of the Company. In addition, the Company is not permitted to record in its securities register any transfer or issue of shares if the transfer or issue would cause the person to breach the ownership restrictions. For these purposes, a person has a significant interest in a class of shares of the Company where the aggregate of any shares of that class beneficially owned by that person, any entity controlled by that person and by any person associated or acting jointly or in concert with that person exceeds 10% of all the outstanding shares of that class of shares of the Company. A person is a major shareholder if the aggregate of any shares in a class of voting shares held by that person and by any entity controlled by that person exceeds 20% of the outstanding shares of that class, or, for a class of non-voting shares, a holding exceeds 30% of that class. If a person contravenes any of these restrictions, the Minister of Finance (Canada) may, by order, direct such person to dispose of all or any portion of those shares. In addition, the Act prohibits life insurance companies, including the Company, from recording in its securities register a transfer or issue of any share to Her Majesty in right of Canada or of a province, an agent or agency of Her Majesty, a foreign government or an agent or agency of a foreign government and provides further that no person may exercise the voting rights attached to those shares of an insurance company. The Act exempts from such constraints certain foreign financial institutions which are controlled by foreign governments and eligible agents provided certain conditions are satisfied.

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PART C CONSTITUTIONAL DOCUMENTS

Manulife Financial Corporation

General By-Laws

No. 1 and No. 2

By-Law No. 1 as adopted by the Board of Directors and confirmed by the Shareholder on May 19, 1999, as amended by the Board of Directors on February 4, 2003 and confirmed by the Shareholders on April 24, 2003, as amended by the Board of Directors on February 10, 2010 and confirmed by the Shareholders on May 6, 2010 and as amended by the Board of Directors on February 13, 2014 and confirmed by the Shareholders on May 1, 2014.

By-Law No.2 as adopted by the Board of Directors and confirmed by the Shareholder on

May 19, 1999, as amended by the Board of Directors on February 25, 2009 and confirmed by

the Shareholders on May 7, 2009

constituting the complete By-Laws of the Company

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MANULIFE FINANCIAL CORPORATION

BY-LAW NO. 1

SECTION 1

DEFINITIONS

1.1 Definitions

In this By-law No. 1:

  1. "Act" means the Insurance Companies Act enacted by the Parliament of Canada, as amended or replaced from time to time;
  2. "Corporation" means Manulife Financial Corporation;
  3. "Regulations" means the regulations made under the Act, as amended or replaced from time to time; and
  4. "Subsidiary" means a body corporate controlled, within the meaning of the Act, but determined without regard to paragraph 3(1)(d) of the Act, by the Corporation.

SECTION 2

BOARD OF DIRECTORS

2.1 Number of Directors

The Board of Directors of the Corporation shall consist of a minimum of seven (7) Directors and a maximum of thirty (30) Directors. The number of Directors to be elected at any annual meeting of the Corporation shall be such as is fixed by the Directors prior to the annual meeting. The Directors may appoint one (1) or more additional directors to hold office for a term expiring not later than the close of the next annual meeting.

2.2 Term of Office

  1. Subject to section 2.2(b), the term of office of each Director elected at the annual meeting in 2003 shall be three (3) years, provided that if the result of electing each Director for a term of three (3) years would be that one-third (1/3), as nearly as may be, of the Directors would not retire each year, a number of Directors may be elected for a term of two (2) years and a number of Directors may be elected for a term of one (1) year to the end that one-third (1/3), as nearly as may be, of the Directors shall retire each year.
  2. The Directors (including, for greater certainty, any Director whose term of office shall not have expired) shall be elected at each annual meeting following the annual meeting in 2003 and each Director shall hold office until

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the close of the first annual meeting following the Director's election, provided that if an election of directors is not held at the annual meeting, the Directors then in office shall continue in office until their successors are elected.

2.3 Conduct of Meetings of Directors

The Directors shall establish from time to time the place of, and procedures for the calling and conduct of, meetings of the Board of Directors of the Corporation and of its Committees.

2.4 Remuneration of Directors

The aggregate remuneration payable to Directors each year for their services as Directors shall not exceed US$2,000,000. This amount may be apportioned among the Directors on such basis as the Directors may determine, together with such further amount as may be necessary to reimburse the Directors for their reasonable expenses properly incurred in respect of the services to the Corporation in that capacity.

SECTION 3

CORPORATION MEETINGS

3.1 Chair

The Chair of the Board or in the Chair's absence, or if he/she declines to take the Chair, or if he/she retires from the Chair, the President or, if there be none or in his/her absence, or if the President declines to take the Chair, or if he/she retires from the Chair, the Vice Chair, or in the Vice Chair's absence, one of the Vice Presidents (to be designated by the meeting in the event of more than one such Vice President being present) shall preside at all meetings of the shareholders of the Corporation. If all of the aforesaid officers be absent or decline to act, the Directors present may choose one of their number to act as Chair of the meeting.

3.2 Quorum

A Quorum for the transaction of business at a meeting of shareholders shall be two persons present and each entitled to vote at the meeting.

SECTION 4

BUSINESS OF THE CORPORATION

4.1 Corporate Seal

The seal of the Corporation shall be such as the Directors may adopt.

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4.2 Financial Year

The financial year of the Corporation shall end on the expiration of the 31st day of December in each year.

4.3 Execution of Documents

Documents to be executed by the Corporation shall be executed in such manner as may be determined by the Board of Directors of the Corporation.

4.4 Indemnification of Directors and Officers

The Board of Directors of the Corporation shall make provisions, by resolution, for the indemnification of Directors, Officers, Employees and such other persons as the Directors shall decide and on such terms and conditions as they establish.

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MANULIFE FINANCIAL CORPORATION

BY-LAW NO. 2

SECTION 1

INTERPRETATION

1.1 Definitions

In this By-law No. 2:

  1. "Act" means the Insurance Companies Act enacted by the Parliament of Canada, as amended or replaced from time to time;
  2. "Cancellation Time" means 5:00 p.m., Toronto time, on the date which is the last day of the thirty-fifth month following the Effective Date;
  3. "Class 1 Shares" means the Class 1 Shares of any series in the capital of the Corporation, without nominal or par value, now existing or hereafter created;
  4. "Class A Shares" means the Class A Shares of any series in the capital of the Corporation, without nominal or par value, now existing or hereafter created;
  5. "Class B Shares" means the Class B Shares of any series in the capital of the Corporation, without nominal or par value, now existing or hereafter created;
  6. "Common Shares" means the common shares in the capital of the Corporation, without nominal or par value, now existing or hereafter created;
  7. "Conversion Proposal" means the conversion proposal of Manufacturers Life as approved by the Minister, pursuant to the Act;
  8. "Corporation" means Manulife Financial Corporation;
  9. "Effective Date" means the date specified in the Letters Patent of Conversion issued to Manufacturers Life;

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  1. "Letters Patent of Conversion" has the meaning ascribed thereto in the Conversion Proposal;
  2. "Lost Policyholder" has the meaning ascribed thereto in the Conversion Proposal;
  3. "Manufacturers Life" means The Manufacturers Life Insurance Company;
  4. "Regulations" means the regulations made under the Act, as amended or replaced from time to time; and
  5. "Share Constraint Regime" means the provisions of the Act and the Regulations, if any, which establish rules restricting the purchase or other acquisition, issue, transfer and voting of shares of the Corporation, as those provisions may be amended from time to time.

1.2 Interpretation

In this By-law No. 2, the terms "control", "entity", "person" and "significant interest" and all other terms which are not defined herein shall have the meanings ascribed to those terms in the Act.

SECTION 2

AUTHORIZED CAPITAL

2.1 Authorized Capital

The authorized capital of the Corporation shall consist of an unlimited number of Class A Shares issuable in series, an unlimited number of Class B Shares issuable in series, an unlimited number of Class 1 Shares issuable in series and an unlimited number of Common Shares.

SECTION 3

CLASS A SHARES

The Class A Shares shall have attached thereto the following rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions:

3.1 Directors' Right to Issue in One or More Series

The Class A Shares may be issued at any time or from time to time in one or more series. Before any shares of a series are issued, the Board of Directors of the Corporation shall fix the number of shares that will form such series, if any, and shall, subject to any limitations set out in the by-laws of the Corporation or in the Act, determine the designation, rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions to be attached to the Class A Shares of such series, the whole subject to the filing with the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (Canada) of the particulars of such series, including the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions determined by the Board of Directors of the Corporation.

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3.2 Ranking of Class A Shares

Each series of Class A Shares shall rank on a parity with every other series of Class A Shares with respect to dividends and return of capital. The Class A Shares shall be entitled to a preference over the Class B Shares, the Common Shares and any other shares ranking junior to the Class A Shares with respect to priority in payment of dividends and in the distribution of assets in the event of the liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Corporation, whether voluntary or involuntary, or any other distribution of the assets of the Corporation among its shareholders for the specific purpose of winding-up its affairs. If any cumulative dividends, whether or not declared, or declared non-cumulative dividends or amounts payable on return of capital are not paid in full in respect of any series of Class A Shares, the Class A Shares of all series shall participate rateably in respect of such dividends in accordance with the sums that would be payable on such shares if all such dividends were declared and paid in full, and in respect of such return of capital in accordance with the sums that would be payable on such return of capital if all sums so payable were paid in full; provided, however, that if there are insufficient assets to satisfy in full all such claims as aforesaid, the claims of the holders of the Class A Shares with respect to return of capital shall be paid and satisfied first and any assets remaining thereafter shall be applied towards the payment and satisfaction of claims in respect of dividends. The Class A Shares of any series may also be given such other preferences not inconsistent with the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attached to the Class A Shares as a class over the Class B Shares, the Common Shares and any other shares ranking junior to the Class A Shares as may be determined in the case of such series of Class A Shares.

3.3 Voting Rights

Except as hereinafter referred to or as required by law or as specified in the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attached from time to time to any series of Class A Shares, the holders of the Class A Shares as a class shall not be entitled as such to receive notice of, to attend or to vote at any meeting of the shareholders of the Corporation.

3.4 Constrained Shares

  1. On and after the date upon which the Corporation becomes the holding body corporate of a company that has converted from a mutual company into a company with common shares, the Corporation shall not issue or allot any Class A Shares to any person, or any entity controlled by a person, the Corporation shall refuse to allow the entry in the securities register of the Corporation of an issue or transfer of any Class A Shares to any person, or any entity controlled by a person, and no person, or any entity controlled by a person, shall purchase or otherwise acquire any Class A Shares, if such issue, transfer or purchase or other acquisition would cause the person to have a significant interest in the Class A Shares. No person who has a significant interest in any class of shares of the Corporation, or entity controlled by a person who has a significant interest in any class of shares of the Corporation, shall, in person or by proxy, exercise any voting rights attached to Class A Shares beneficially owned by, or that are subject to agreement pertaining to the exercise of voting rights entered into by, that person or entity. In

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accordance with the authority granted to the Corporation's Directors under the Act and the Regulations, the Directors of the Corporation are hereby authorized to make such arrangements as the Directors deem necessary to carry out the intent of the purchase or other acquisition, issue, transfer and voting restrictions contained in the Act, the Regulations and the by-laws.

  1. If the purchase or other acquisition, issue, transfer or voting of any Class A Shares would be permitted under the Act and the Regulations, notwithstanding the provisions of subsection 3.4(a), the Directors are hereby authorized, in their discretion, to permit by resolution of the Directors, any such purchase or other acquisition, issue, transfer or exercise of voting rights with respect to such Class A Shares.
  2. Subject to subsection 3.4(d), if, after the date of incorporation of the Corporation, the Share Constraint Regime is amended, replaced or deleted, such that the provisions of subsection 3.4(a) are inconsistent with the Share Constraint Regime resulting from such amendment, replacement or deletion, then the Directors are hereby authorized to amend, replace or delete subsection 3.4(a) such that it will be consistent with the Share Constraint Regime then in effect. The action of the Board of Directors to amend, replace or delete subsection 3.4(a) shall be by resolution of the Board of Directors and such amendment, replacement or deletion of subsection 3.4(a) shall be effective without the approval of the holders of any of the Class A Shares, the Class B Shares or the Common Shares. Promptly following any amendment, replacement or deletion of subsection 3.4(a) by the Directors, the Corporation shall give notice to the holders of the Class A Shares of the amendment, replacement or deletion thereto.
  3. If, after the date of incorporation of the Corporation, the Share Constraint Regime is amended or replaced and the Share Constraint Regime then in effect allows the Corporation to determine the application to it and its shareholders of all or any part of such Share Constraint Regime then the provisions of subsection 3.4(a) may only be amended or replaced with approval of the holders of the Class A Shares, the Class B Shares and the Common Shares as provided in the Act.

3.5 Amendment With Approval of Holders of Class A Shares

The rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attached to the Class A Shares as a class may be added to, changed or removed but only with the approval of the holders of the Class A Shares given as hereinafter specified.

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3.6 Approval of Holders of Class A Shares

The approval of the holders of the Class A Shares to add to, change or remove any right, privilege, restriction or condition attaching to the Class A Shares as a class or in respect of any other matter requiring the consent of the holders of the Class A Shares may be given in such manner as may then be required by law, subject to a minimum requirement that such approval be given by resolution signed by all the holders of the Class A Shares or passed by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds (2/3) of the votes cast at a meeting of the holders of the Class A Shares duly called for that purpose. Notwithstanding anything else in this Section 3, the approval of the holders of the Class A Shares, voting separately as a class or series, is not required on a proposal to amend the by-laws of the Corporation to:

  1. increase or decrease the maximum number of authorized Class A Shares, or increase the maximum number of authorized shares of a class of shares having rights or privileges equal or superior to the Class A Shares;
  2. effect the exchange, reclassification or cancellation of all or any part of the Class A Shares; or
  3. create a new class of shares equal to or superior to the Class A Shares.

The formalities to be observed with respect to the giving of notice of any such meeting or any continuation of an adjourned meeting, the quorum required therefor and the conduct thereof shall be those from time to time required by the Act as in force at the time of the meeting and those, if any, prescribed by the by-laws or the administrative resolutions of the Corporation with respect to meetings of shareholders. On every poll taken at every meeting of the holders of the Class A Shares as a class, or at any joint meeting of the holders of two or more series of Class A Shares, each holder of Class A Shares entitled to vote thereat shall have one vote in respect of each Class A Share held.

3.7 Notice to Holders of Class A Shares

Any notice, cheque, notice of redemption or other communication from the Corporation herein provided for shall be sent to the holders of the Class A Shares by first class mail, postage prepaid at their respective addresses appearing on the securities register of the Corporation or, in the event of the address of any such holder not so appearing, then at the last address of such holder known to the Corporation. Accidental failure to give any such notice, notice of redemption or other communication to one or more holders of Class A Shares shall not affect the validity thereof, but, upon such failure being discovered, a copy of the notice, notice of redemption or other communication, as the case may be, shall be sent or delivered forthwith to such holder or holders. Unless otherwise provided herein, any notice, request, certificate or other communication from a holder of Class A Shares herein provided for shall be either sent to the Corporation by first class mail, postage prepaid, or delivered by hand to the Corporation at its registered office.

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CLASS B SHARES

The Class B Shares shall have attached thereto the following rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions:

4.1 Directors' Right to Issue in One or More Series

The Class B Shares may be issued at any time or from time to time in one or more series. Before any shares of a series are issued, the Board of Directors of the Corporation shall fix the number of shares that will form such series, if any, and shall, subject to any limitations set out in the by-laws of the Corporation or in the Act, determine the designation, rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions to be attached to the Class B Shares of such series, the whole subject to the filing with the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (Canada) of the particulars of such series, including the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions determined by the Board of Directors of the Corporation.

4.2 Ranking of Class B Shares

Each series of Class B Shares shall rank on a parity with every other series of Class B Shares with respect to dividends and return of capital. The Class B Shares shall rank junior to the Class A Shares with respect to priority in payment of dividends and in the distribution of assets in the event of the liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Corporation, whether voluntary or involuntary, or any other distribution of the assets of the Corporation among its shareholders for the specific purpose of winding-up its affairs, but the Class B Shares shall be entitled to a preference over the Common Shares and any other shares ranking junior to the Class B Shares with respect to priority in payment of dividends and in the distribution of assets in the event of the liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Corporation, whether voluntary or involuntary, or any other distribution of the assets of the Corporation among its shareholders for the specific purpose of winding-up its affairs. If any cumulative dividends, whether or not declared, or declared non-cumulative dividends or amounts payable on return of capital are not paid in full in respect of any series of the Class B Shares, the Class B Shares of all series shall participate rateably in respect of such dividends in accordance with the sums that would be payable on such shares if all such dividends were declared and paid in full, and in respect of such return of capital in accordance with the sums that would be payable on such return of capital if all sums so payable were paid in full; provided, however, that if there are insufficient assets to satisfy in full all such claims as aforesaid, the claims of the holders of the Class B Shares with respect to return of capital shall be paid and satisfied first and any assets remaining thereafter shall be applied towards the payment and satisfaction of claims in respect of dividends. The Class B Shares of any series may also be given such other preferences not inconsistent with the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attached to the Class B Shares as a class over the Common Shares and any other shares ranking junior to the Class B Shares as may be determined in the case of such series of Class B Shares.

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4.3 Voting Rights

Except as hereinafter referred to or as required by law or as specified in the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attached from time to time to any series of Class B Shares, the holders of the Class B Shares as a class shall not be entitled as such to receive notice of, to attend or to vote at any meeting of the shareholders of the Corporation.

4.4 Constrained Shares

  1. On and after the date upon which the Corporation becomes the holding body corporate of a company that has converted from a mutual company into a company with common shares, the Corporation shall not issue or allot any Class B Shares to any person, or any entity controlled by a person, the Corporation shall refuse to allow the entry in the securities register of the Corporation of an issue or transfer of any Class B Shares to any person, or any entity controlled by a person, and no person, or any entity controlled by a person, shall purchase or otherwise acquire any Class B Shares, if such issue, transfer or purchase or other acquisition would cause the person to have a significant interest in the Class B Shares. No person who has a significant interest in any class of shares of the Corporation, or entity controlled by a person who has a significant interest in any class of shares of the Corporation, shall, in person or by proxy, exercise any voting rights attached to Class B Shares beneficially owned by, or that are subject to agreement pertaining to the exercise of voting rights entered into by, that person or entity. In accordance with the authority granted to the Corporation's Directors under the Act and the Regulations, the Directors of the Corporation are hereby authorized to make such arrangements as the Directors deem necessary to carry out the intent of the purchase or other acquisition, issue, transfer and voting restrictions contained in the Act, the Regulations and the by-laws.
  2. If the purchase or other acquisition, issue, transfer or voting of any Class B Shares would be permitted under the Act and the Regulations, notwithstanding the provisions of subsection 4.4(a), the Directors are hereby authorized, in their discretion, to permit by resolution of the Directors, any such purchase or other acquisition, issue, transfer or exercise of voting rights with respect to such Class B Shares.
  3. Subject to subsection 4.4(d), if, after the date of incorporation of the Corporation, the Share Constraint Regime is amended, replaced or deleted, such that the provisions of subsection 4.4(a) are inconsistent with the Share Constraint Regime resulting from such amendment, replacement or deletion, then the Directors are hereby authorized to amend, replace or delete subsection 4.4(a) such that it will be consistent with the Share Constraint Regime then in effect. The action of the Board of Directors to amend, replace or delete subsection 4.4(a) shall be by resolution of the Board of Directors and such amendment, replacement or deletion of subsection 4.4(a) shall be effective without the approval of the holders of any of the Class A Shares, the Class B Shares or the Common Shares. Promptly following any amendment, replacement or deletion of subsection 4.4(a) by the Directors, the Corporation

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shall give notice to the holders of the Class B Shares of the amendment, replacement or deletion thereto.

  1. If, after the date of incorporation of the Corporation, the Share Constraint Regime is amended or replaced and the Share Constraint Regime then in effect allows the Corporation to determine the application to it and its shareholders of all or any part of such Share Constraint Regime then the provisions of subsection 4.4(a) may only be amended or replaced with approval of the holders of the Class A Shares, the Class B Shares and the Common Shares as provided in the Act.

4.5 Amendment With Approval of Holders of Class B Shares

The rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attached to the Class B Shares as a class may be added to, changed or removed but only with the approval of the holders of the Class B Shares given as hereinafter specified.

4.6 Approval of Holders of Class B Shares

The approval of the holders of the Class B Shares to add to, change or remove any right, privilege, restriction or condition attaching to the Class B Shares as a class or in respect of any other matter requiring the consent of the holders of the Class B Shares may be given in such manner as may then be required by law, subject to a minimum requirement that such approval be given by resolution signed by all the holders of the Class B Shares or passed by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds (2/3) of the votes cast at a meeting of the holders of the Class B Shares duly called for that purpose. Notwithstanding anything else in this Section 4, the approval of the holders of the Class B Shares, voting separately as a class or series, is not required on a proposal to amend the by-laws of the Corporation to:

  1. increase or decrease the maximum number of authorized Class B Shares, or increase the maximum number of authorized shares of a class of shares having rights or privileges equal or superior to the Class B Shares;
  2. effect the exchange, reclassification or cancellation of all or any part of the Class B Shares; or
  3. create a new class of shares equal to or superior to the Class B Shares.

The formalities to be observed with respect to the giving of notice of any such meeting or any continuation of an adjourned meeting, the quorum required therefor and the conduct thereof shall be those from time to time required by the Act as in force at the time of the meeting and those, if any, prescribed by the by-laws or the administrative resolutions of the Corporation with respect to meetings of shareholders. On every poll taken at every meeting of the holders of the Class B Shares as a class, or at any joint meeting of the holders of two or more series of Class B Shares, each holder of Class B Shares entitled to vote thereat shall have one vote in respect of each Class B Share held.

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4.7 Notice to Holders of Class B Shares

Any notice, cheque, notice of redemption or other communication from the Corporation herein provided for shall be sent to the holders of the Class B Shares by first class mail, postage prepaid at their respective addresses appearing on the securities register of the Corporation or, in the event of the address of any such holder not so appearing, then at the last address of such holder known to the Corporation. Accidental failure to give any such notice, notice of redemption or other communication to one or more holders of Class B Shares shall not affect the validity thereof, but, upon such failure being discovered, a copy of the notice, notice of redemption or other communication, as the case may be, shall be sent or delivered forthwith to such holder or holders. Unless otherwise provided herein, any notice, request, certificate or other communication from a holder of Class B Shares herein provided for shall be either sent to the Corporation by first class mail, postage prepaid, or delivered by hand to the Corporation at its registered office.

SECTION 5

COMMON SHARES

The Common Shares shall be non-redeemable and shall have attached thereto the following rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions:

  1. Dividends
    1. Subject to the prior rights of the holders of the Class A Shares, the Class B Shares and any other shares ranking senior to the Common Shares with respect to priority in payment of dividends, the holders of Common Shares shall be entitled to receive dividends as and when declared by the Board of Directors of the Corporation out of moneys properly applicable to the payment of dividends, in such amount and in such forms as the Board of Directors of the Corporation may from time to time determine and all dividends which the Board of Directors of the Corporation may declare on the Common Shares shall be declared and paid in equal amounts per share on all Common Shares outstanding at the time.
    2. Any dividend (other than a stock dividend) unclaimed after a period of six years from the date on which the same has been declared to be payable shall be forfeited and shall revert to the Corporation.
  2. Dissolution

In the event of the liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Corporation, whether voluntary or involuntary, or any other distribution of the assets of the Corporation among its shareholders for the specific purpose of winding-up its affairs, subject to the prior rights of the holders of the Class A Shares, the Class B Shares and any other shares ranking senior to the Common Shares with respect to priority in the distribution of assets in the event of the liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Corporation, the holders of the Common Shares shall be entitled to receive the remaining property of the Corporation that pertains to

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shareholders, in equal amounts per share, without preference or priority of one share over another.

5.3 Voting Rights

The holders of Common Shares shall be entitled to receive notice of and to attend all meetings of the shareholders of the Corporation and shall have one vote for each Common Share held at all meetings of the shareholders of the Corporation, except for meetings at which only holders of another specified class or series of shares of the Corporation are entitled to vote separately as a class or series.

5.4 Constrained Shares

  1. On and after the date upon which the Corporation becomes the holding body corporate of a company that has converted from a mutual company into a company with common shares, the Corporation shall not issue or allot any Common Shares to any person, or any entity controlled by a person, the Corporation shall refuse to allow the entry in the securities register of the Corporation of an issue or transfer of any Common Shares to any person, or any entity controlled by a person, and no person, or any entity controlled by a person, shall purchase or otherwise acquire any Common Shares, if such issue, transfer or purchase or other acquisition would cause the person to have a significant interest in the Common Shares. No person who has a significant interest in any class of shares of the Corporation, or entity controlled by a person who has a significant interest in any class of shares of the Corporation, shall, in person or by proxy, exercise any voting rights attached to Common Shares beneficially owned by, or that are subject to agreement pertaining to the exercise of voting rights entered into by, that person or entity. In accordance with the authority granted to the Corporation's Directors under the Act and the Regulations, the Directors of the Corporation are hereby authorized to make such arrangements as the Directors deem necessary to carry out the intent of the purchase or other acquisition, issue, transfer and voting restrictions contained in the Act, the Regulations and the by-laws.
  2. If the purchase or other acquisition, issue, transfer or voting of any Common Shares would be permitted under the Act and the Regulations, notwithstanding the provisions of subsection 5.4(a), the Directors are hereby authorized, in their discretion, to permit by resolution of the Directors, any such purchase or other acquisition, issue, transfer or exercise of voting rights with respect to such Common Shares.
  3. Subject to subsection 5.4(d), if, after the date of incorporation of the Corporation, the Share Constraint Regime is amended, replaced or deleted, such that the provisions of subsection 5.4(a) are inconsistent with the Share Constraint Regime resulting from such amendment, replacement or deletion, then the Directors are hereby authorized to amend, replace or delete subsection 5.4(a) such that it will be consistent with the Share Constraint Regime then in effect. The action of the Board of Directors to amend, replace or delete subsection 5.4(a) shall be by resolution of the Board of Directors and such amendment, replacement or deletion of subsection 5.4(a) shall be

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effective without the approval of the holders of any of the Class A Shares, the Class B Shares or the Common Shares. Promptly following any amendment, replacement or deletion of subsection 5.4(a) by the Directors, the Corporation shall give notice to the holders of the Common Shares of the amendment, replacement or deletion thereto.

  1. If, after the date of incorporation of the Corporation, the Share Constraint Regime is amended or replaced and the Share Constraint Regime then in effect allows the Corporation to determine the application to it and its shareholders of all or any part of such Share Constraint Regime then the provisions of subsection 5.4(a) may only be amended or replaced with approval of the holders of the Class A Shares, the Class B Shares and the Common Shares as provided in the Act.

5.5 Amendment With Approval of Holders of Common Shares

The rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attached to the Common Shares as a class may be added to, changed or removed but only with the approval of the holders of the Common Shares given as hereinafter specified.

5.6 Approval of Holders of Common Shares

The approval of the holders of the Common Shares to add to, change or remove any right, privilege, restriction or condition attaching to the Common Shares as a class may be given in such manner as may then be required by law, subject to a minimum requirement that such approval be given by resolution signed by all the holders of the Common Shares or passed by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds (2/3) of the votes cast at a meeting of the holders of the Common Shares duly called for that purpose. Notwithstanding anything else in this Section 5, the approval of the holders of the Common Shares, voting separately as a class, is not required on a proposal to amend the by-laws of the Corporation to:

  1. increase or decrease the maximum number of authorized Common Shares, or increase the maximum number of authorized shares of a class of shares having rights or privileges equal or superior to the Common Shares;
  2. effect the exchange, reclassification or cancellation of all or any part of the Common Shares; or
  3. create a new class of shares equal to or superior to the Common Shares.

The formalities to be observed with respect to the giving of notice of any such meeting or any continuation of an adjourned meeting, the quorum required therefor and the conduct thereof shall be those from time to time required by the Act as in force at the time of the meeting and those, if any, prescribed by the by-laws or the administrative resolutions of the Corporation with respect to meetings of shareholders. On every poll taken at every meeting of the holders of the Common Shares as a class, each holder of Common Shares entitled to vote thereat shall have one vote in respect of each Common Share held.

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5.7 Notice to Holders of Common Shares

Any notice, cheque or other communication from the Corporation herein provided for shall be sent to the holders of the Common Shares by first class mail, postage prepaid at their respective addresses appearing on the securities register of the Corporation or, in the event of the address of any such holder not so appearing, then at the last address of such holder known to the Corporation. Accidental failure to give any such notice or other communication to one or more holders of Common Shares shall not affect the validity thereof, but, upon such failure being discovered, a copy of the notice or other communication, as the case may be, shall be sent or delivered forthwith to such holder or holders. Unless otherwise provided herein, any notice, request, certificate or other communication from a holder of Common Shares herein provided for shall be either sent to the Corporation by first class mail, postage prepaid, or delivered by hand to the Corporation at its registered office.

SECTION 6

LOST POLICYHOLDERS

  1. Restriction on Voting Rights
    1. Subject to subsection 6.1(b), no Lost Policyholder shall, in person or by proxy, exercise any voting rights that are attached to the Common Shares issued to such Lost Policyholder.
    2. Subsection 6.1(a) shall cease to apply in respect of a Lost Policyholder once such Lost Policyholder ceases to be a Lost Policyholder in accordance with Section 6.2.
  2. Confirmation Criteria

A Lost Policyholder shall cease to be a Lost Policyholder at any time from the Effective Date up to and including the Cancellation Time if such Lost Policyholder confirms the current address at which he or she may be reached by mail by: (i) responding to a letter from Manufacturers Life or the Corporation requesting confirmation of the current address; (ii) contacting Manufacturers Life or the Corporation and confirming the current address; (iii) informing Manufacturers Life or the Corporation of a change of address; or (iv) otherwise confirming the current address with the Corporation, in a manner satisfactory to the Corporation.

6.3 Securities Register

From the Effective Date up to and including the Cancellation Time, the Corporation shall record in its securities register the status of a person as a Lost Policyholder. If a Lost Policyholder ceases to be a Lost Policyholder in accordance with Section 6.2, the Corporation shall amend its securities register accordingly.

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6.4 Dividends and Distributions

No payments in respect of dividends or distributions declared by the Corporation in respect of the Common Shares issued pursuant to the Conversion Proposal shall be made in respect of a Lost Policyholder. However, the Corporation shall pay to a person who ceases to be a Lost Policyholder, in accordance with Section 6.2, all dividends or distributions, without interest and net of any applicable withholding taxes, to which such person was otherwise entitled as a shareholder of record of the Corporation, while such person was a Lost Policyholder. The payment of such dividends or distributions shall be in accordance with the other provisions of this By-law No. 2.

6.5 Cancellation of Shares and Dividends and Subsequent Reissuance

Upon the Cancellation Time, the Corporation shall, for no consideration, cancel all Common Shares issued to Lost Policyholders who remain as such at the Cancellation Time, and all such Common Shares shall be deemed to have been surrendered to the Corporation, together with all entitlements to dividends and distributions thereon, including any proceeds of dissolution pursuant to the Act. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Corporation shall, from time to time in accordance with the Conversion Proposal, subsequent to the Cancellation Time reissue Common Shares and pay an amount in respect of dividends or issue securities or pay cash or other property to a person, as the case may be, whose Common Shares were cancelled in accordance with this Section 6.5.

No amount shall be deducted from, or added to, the stated capital account maintained for Common Shares in respect of the Common Shares cancelled or reissued, respectively, pursuant to this Section 6.5.

SECTION 7

CLASS 1 SHARES

The Class 1 Shares shall have attached thereto the following rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions:

7.1 Directors' Right to Issue in One or More Series

The Class 1 Shares may be issued at any time or from time to time in one or more series. Before any shares of a series are issued, the Board of Directors of the Corporation shall fix the number of shares that will form such series, if any, and shall, subject to any limitations set out in the by-laws of the Corporation or in the Act, determine the designation, rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions to be attached to the Class 1 Shares of such series, the whole subject to the filing with the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (Canada) of the particulars of such series, including the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions determined by the Board of Directors of the Corporation.

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7.2 Ranking of Class 1 Shares

Each series of Class 1 Shares shall rank on a parity with every other series of Class 1 Shares and every series of Class A Shares with respect to dividends and return of capital. The Class 1 Shares shall be entitled to a preference over the Class B Shares, the Common Shares and any other shares ranking junior to the Class 1 Shares with respect to priority in payment of dividends and in the distribution of assets in the event of the liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Corporation, whether voluntary or involuntary, or any other distribution of the assets of the Corporation among its shareholders for the specific purpose of winding-up its affairs. If any cumulative dividends, whether or not declared, or declared non-cumulative dividends or amounts payable on return of capital are not paid in full in respect of any series of Class 1 Shares, the Class 1 Shares and Class A Shares of all series shall participate rateably in respect of such dividends in accordance with the sums that would be payable on such shares if all such dividends were declared and paid in full, and in respect of such return of capital in accordance with the sums that would be payable on such return of capital if all sums so payable were paid in full; provided, however, that if there are insufficient assets to satisfy in full all such claims as aforesaid, the claims of the holders of the Class 1 Shares and Class A Shares with respect to return of capital shall be paid and satisfied first and any assets remaining thereafter shall be applied towards the payment and satisfaction of claims in respect of dividends. The Class 1 Shares of any series may also be given such other preferences not inconsistent with the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attached to the Class 1 Shares as a class over the Class B Shares, the Common Shares and any other shares ranking junior to the Class 1 Shares as may be determined in the case of such series of Class 1 Shares.

7.3 Voting Rights

Except as hereinafter referred to or as required by law, holders of Class 1 Shares will not be entitled as such to receive notice of or to attend or to vote at any meeting of shareholders of the Corporation unless and until the first time at which the Board of Directors has not declared the dividend in full on the shares of one or more series of Class 1 Shares in respect of a particular period specified for the payment of dividends in the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attached to such series. In that event, the holders of such series will be entitled to receive notice of and to attend only meetings of shareholders at which directors are to be elected and will be entitled to one vote for each share of such series held at such meetings, but only in respect of the election of directors voting together with all other shareholders of the Corporation who are entitled to vote at such meetings, and the holders of such series will not be entitled to vote in respect of any other business conducted at such meetings (the "Voting Rights"). The Voting Rights of the holders of any such series will cease on payment by the Corporation of the first dividend on that series to which the holders thereof are entitled under the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attached to such series after the time the Voting Rights first arose in respect of such series, until such time as the Corporation may again fail to declare the dividend in full on such series in any period specified for the payment of dividends in the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attached to such series, in which event the Voting Rights will become effective again and so on from time to time.

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7.4 Constrained Shares

  1. The Corporation shall not issue or allot any Class 1 Shares to any person, or any entity controlled by a person, the Corporation shall refuse to allow the entry in the securities register of the Corporation of an issue or transfer of any Class 1 Shares to any person, or any entity controlled by a person, and no person or any entity controlled by a person, shall purchase or otherwise acquire any Class 1 Shares, if such issue, transfer or purchase or other acquisition would cause the person to have a significant interest in the Class 1 Shares. No person who has a significant interest in any class of shares of the Corporation, or entity controlled by a person who has a significant interest in any class of shares of the Corporation, shall, in person or by proxy, exercise any voting rights attached to Class 1 Shares beneficially owned by, or that are subject to agreement pertaining to the exercise of voting rights entered into by, that person or entity. In accordance with the authority granted to the Corporation's Directors under the Act and the Regulations, the Directors of the Corporation are hereby authorized to make such arrangements as the Directors deem necessary to carry out the intent of the purchase or other acquisition, issue, transfer and voting restrictions contained in the Act, the Regulations and the by-laws.
  2. If the purchase or other acquisition, issue, transfer or voting of any Class 1 Shares would be permitted under the Act and the Regulations, notwithstanding the provisions of subsection 7.4(a), the Directors are hereby authorized, in their discretion, to permit by resolution of the Directors, any such purchase or other acquisition, issue, transfer or exercise of voting rights with respect to such Class 1 Shares.
  3. Subject to subsection 7.4(d), if, after the date of incorporation of the Corporation, the Share Constraint Regime is amended, replaced or deleted, such that the provisions of the subsection 7.4(a) are inconsistent with the Share Constraint Regime resulting from such amendment, replacement or deletion, then the Directors are hereby authorized to amend, replace or delete subsection 7.4(a) such that it will be consistent with the Share Constraint Regime then in effect. The action of the Board of Directors to amend, replace or delete subsection 7.4(a) shall be by resolution of the Board of Directors and such amendment, replacement or deletion of subsection 7.4(a) shall be effective without the approval of the holders of any of the Class 1 Shares, the Class A Shares, the Class B Shares or the Common Shares. Promptly following any amendment, replacement or deletion of subsection 7.4(a) by the Directors, the Corporation shall give notice to the holders of the Class 1 Shares of the amendment, replacement or deletion thereto.
  4. If, after the date of incorporation of the Corporation, the Share Constraint Regime is amended or replaced and the Share Constraint Regime then in effect allows the Corporation to determine the application to it and its shareholders of all or any part of such Share Constraint Regime then the provisions of subsection 7.4(a) may only be amended or replaced with approval of the holders of the Class 1 Shares, the Class A Shares, the Class B Shares and the Common Shares as provided in the Act.

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7.5 Amendment With Approval of Holders of Class 1 Shares

The rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attached to the Class 1 Shares as a class may be added to, changed or removed but only with the approval of the holders of the Class 1 Shares given as hereinafter specified.

7.6 Approval of Holders of Class 1 Shares

The approval of the holders of the Class 1 Shares to add to, change or remove any right, privilege, restriction or condition attaching to the Class 1 Shares as a class or in respect of any other matter requiring the consent of the holders of the Class 1 Shares may be given in such manner as may then be required by law, subject to a minimum requirement that such approval be given by resolution signed by all the holders of the Class 1 Shares or passed by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds (2/3) of the votes cast at a meeting of the holders of the Class 1 Shares duly called for that purpose. Notwithstanding anything else in this Section 1, the approval of the holders of the Class 1 Shares, voting separately as a class or series, is not required on a proposal to amend the by-laws of the Corporation to:

  1. increase or decrease the maximum number of authorized Class 1 Shares, or increase the maximum number of authorized shares of a class of shares having rights or privileges equal or superior to the Class 1 Shares;
  2. effect the exchange, reclassification or cancellation of all or any part of the Class 1 Shares; or
  3. create a new class of shares equal to or superior to the Class 1 Shares.

The formalities to be observed with respect to the giving of notice of any such meeting or any continuation of an adjourned meeting, the quorum required therefor and the conduct thereof shall be those from time to time required by the Act as in force at the time of the meeting and those, if any, prescribed by the by-laws or the administrative resolutions of the Corporation with respect to meetings of shareholders. On every poll taken at every meeting of the holders of the Class 1 Shares as a class, or at any joint meeting of the holders of two or more series of Class 1 Shares, each holder of Class 1 Shares entitled to vote thereat shall have one vote in respect of each Class 1 Share held.

7.7 Notice to Holders of Class 1 Shares

Any notice, cheque, notice of redemption or other communication from the Corporation herein provided for shall be sent to the holders of the Class 1 Shares by first class mail, postage prepaid at their respective addresses appearing on the securities register of the Corporation or, in the event of the address of any such holder not so appearing, then at the last address of such holder known to the Corporation. Accidental failure to give any such notice, notice of redemption or other communication to one or more holders of Class 1 Shares shall not affect the validity thereof, but, upon such failure being discovered, a copy of the notice, notice of redemption or other communication, as the case may be, shall be sent or delivered forthwith to such holder or holders. Unless otherwise provided herein, any notice, request, certificate, or other communication from a holder of Class 1 Shares herein provided for shall be either sent to the Corporation by first class mail, postage prepaid, or delivered by hand to the Corporation at its registered office.

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Disclaimer

Manulife Financial Corporation published this content on 13 February 2020 and is solely responsible for the information contained therein. Distributed by Public, unedited and unaltered, on 13 February 2020 08:50:03 UTC

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Financials (CAD)
Sales 2020 56 222 M
EBIT 2020 2 196 M
Net income 2020 4 777 M
Debt 2020 -
Yield 2020 5,89%
P/E ratio 2020 7,08x
P/E ratio 2021 5,74x
Capi. / Sales2020 0,61x
Capi. / Sales2021 0,57x
Capitalization 34 315 M
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Mean consensus OUTPERFORM
Number of Analysts 18
Average target price 27,44  CAD
Last Close Price 17,67  CAD
Spread / Highest target 92,4%
Spread / Average Target 55,3%
Spread / Lowest Target -15,1%
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Managers
NameTitle
Roy Gori President, Chief Executive Officer & Director
John M. Cassaday Chairman
Rahul M. Joshi Chief Operations Officer
Philip Witherington Chief Financial Officer
Shamus Edward Weiland Chief Information Officer
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