ITEM 1.01. Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement.
On March 26, 2020, Red Robin Gourmet Burgers, Inc. (the "Company") entered into
a cooperation agreement (the "Agreement") with Vintage Capital Management, LLC
("Vintage Capital") and Kahn Capital Management, LLC ("Kahn Capital")
(collectively, the "Vintage Parties"), which together own approximately 11.6% of
the Company's common stock.
Under the terms of the Agreement, the Company will immediately appoint one new
independent director to the Company's Board of Directors (the "Board"), Anthony
Ackil. Mr. Ackil is expected to stand for election at the Company's 2020 Annual
Meeting of Stockholders (the "2020 Annual Meeting") and at the Company's 2021
Annual Meeting of Stockholders (the "2021 Annual Meeting"). If Mr. Ackil
resigns, refuses, or is unable to serve as a director at any time prior to the
end of the Restricted Period, the Vintage Parties may recommend a substitute
independent director that otherwise satisfies the Board's criteria for selection
of directors subject to the approval of the nomination and governance committee
and the Board, such approval not to be unreasonably withheld.
Under the Agreement, the Vintage Parties are permitted to acquire up to 20% of
the Company's common stock without being deemed an "Acquiring Person" under the
Company's Rights Agreement, dated as of June 4, 2019, or triggering the
restrictions on business combinations that would otherwise be imposed under
Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law ("Section 203").
Under the Agreement, the Vintage Parties agreed to certain standstill
restrictions until the date that is thirty (30) days prior to the first date on
which stockholders may nominate individuals for election to the Board at the
2022 annual meeting of the Company's stockholders (the "Restricted Period"),
except as otherwise indicated in the Agreement. These standstill restrictions
include, but are not limited to (i) engaging in any solicitation of proxies or
consents with respect to the election or removal of directors; (ii) pursuing any
change in, or attempting to influence, the Company's operations, business,
corporate strategy or policies or encouraging, advising or influencing any other
person with respect to the giving or withholding of any proxy; (iii) forming or
joining a "group" (within the meaning of Section 13(d) of the Securities
Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) with respect to the common stock and other
voting securities of the Company; (iv) beneficially owning more than 20.0% of
the Company's common stock; (v) selling, offering or agreeing to sell, through
swap or hedging transactions or otherwise, voting rights decoupled from the
underlying Company common stock; (vi) making or participating in any tender
offer, exchange offer, merger, consolidation, acquisition, business combination,
recapitalization, restructuring, liquidation, dissolution or extraordinary
transaction involving the Company or its subsidiaries (an "Extraordinary
Transaction"); (vii) entering into a voting trust, arrangement or agreement with
respect to any Company voting securities (other than granting proxies in
solicitations approved by the Board); (viii) seeking, alone or in concert with
others, representation on the Board or the removal of any member of the Board,
except as provided in the Agreement; (ix) making any stockholder proposal; (x)
making any statutory demand for books and records; (xi) making certain public
proposals, including with respect to changes in the number or term of directors
or filling vacancies on the Board, changes in capitalization or dividend policy,
amendments to governing documents, delisting of securities or termination of
registration of securities; (xii) making or causing to be made any statement or
announcement that disparages, defames, slanders, impugns, casts in a negative
light or could damage the reputation of, the Company; (xiii) instituting
litigation or other proceedings, or entering into negotiations or agreements
with third parties, to effect actions prohibited by the standstill restrictions;
(xiv) entering into any negotiations, agreement or understandings with any third
party to take, or encouraging any third party to take, any action that the
Vintage Parties are prohibited from taking pursuant to the Agreement; or (xv)
making any request or submitting any proposal, directly or indirectly, to amend
or waive the terms of the Agreement, in each case which would reasonably be
expected to result in a public announcement of such request or proposal.
Following the Restricted Period until the termination of the Agreement, the
Vintage Parties may not (x) nominate, or propose to nominate, such number of
individuals for election to the Board that, if elected, would constitute fifty
(50%) percent or greater of the then-current size of the Board or (y) take any
action to make or otherwise participate in an Extraordinary Transaction or
otherwise make a public proposal to the Company that would reasonably be
expected under applicable law to be publicly disclosed regarding any such
Under the Agreement, the Vintage Parties agreed to certain voting commitments.
At the 2020 Annual Meeting, the Vintage Parties will cause to be present for
quorum purposes and vote or cause to be voted all common stock beneficially
owned by them or their controlling or controlled affiliates in favor of (i) the
election of each of the Board's nominees and (ii) otherwise in accordance with
the Board's recommendation on any proposal that does not call for voting on the
approval or adoption of an Extraordinary Transaction or agreement or plan
At the 2021 Annual Meeting, the Vintage Parties will cause to be present for
quorum purposes and vote or cause to be voted all common stock beneficially
owned by them or their controlling or controlled affiliates in favor of the
election of each of the Board's nominees and for all other matters (except for a
vote on an Extraordinary Transaction), the Vintage Parties will cause to be
present for quorum purposes and vote or cause to be voted all common stock in
excess of 11.6% of the Company's outstanding common stock beneficially owned by
them or their controlling or controlled affiliates proportionate to the other
Following the 2021 Annual Meeting until the conclusion of the Restricted Period,
the Vintage Parties will cause to be present for quorum purposes and vote or
cause to be voted all common stock in excess of 11.6% of the Company's
outstanding common stock beneficially owned by them or their controlling or
controlled affiliates proportionate to the other non-Vintage shareholders
(except for a vote on an Extraordinary Transaction).
By its terms, the Agreement will remain effect until the earlier of (i) fifth
(5th) anniversary of the date of the Agreement and (ii) the date that is fifteen
(15) days following the date on which the Vintage Parties deliver written notice
to the Company that the Vintage Parties, together with all of their respective
affiliates, collectively beneficially own less than 11.6% of the Company's
outstanding common stock.
The Agreement contains various other terms and provisions entered into by the
. . .
ITEM 5.02. Departure of Directors or Certain Officers; Election of Directors;
Appointment of Certain Officers; Compensatory Arrangements of Certain Officers.
Appointment of New Director
On March 27, 2020, the Company increased the size of the Board to eleven members
and appointed Anthony S. Ackil to fill the resulting vacancy. Mr. Ackil was
elected effective immediately and will serve as a director until the 2020 Annual
Meeting or until his respective successor has been duly elected and qualified,
or until the earlier of his respective death, resignation, or removal. Committee
assignments for Mr. Ackil will be made at a later date.
Mr. Ackil is a restaurant industry executive who currently serves as the CEO of
Streetlight Ventures, a retail support platform for small business and real
estate brokers, having founded the company in 2019. He also currently serves on
the boards of B.Good, and Project Bread, an organization committed to preventing
and ending hunger in Massachusetts. Mr. Ackil previously founded B.Good and
served as its CEO from 2004 to 2018. Before joining B.Good, he worked as a
consultant for IBM, focusing on internet strategy and corporate structure.
Previously, he was a consultant at PricewaterhouseCoopers from 1999 to 2003. Mr.
Ackil received a B.A. from Harvard University.
Mr. Ackil, 45, will receive compensation in accordance with the Company's
standard non-employee director compensation policies, which are described in the
Company's Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A for the 2019 Annual Meeting
of Stockholders filed with the SEC on April 10, 2019; provided that, instead of
receiving his pro-rated RSU grant for the remainder of this term immediately,
the Company will instead add that amount to his regular cycle grant in May. As
of the date of these appointments, there are no transactions between the Company
and Mr. Ackil that would be reportable under Item 404(a) of Regulation S-K.
As previously announced, Director Stuart Oran has decided not to stand for
re-election at the 2020 Annual Meeting. Following Mr. Oran's retirement from the
Board, the Company expects that the Board size will be reduced to ten members.
ITEM 8.01 Other Events.
In addition, on March 27, 2020, the Company and the Vintage Parties issued a
joint press release announcing their entry into the Agreement. A copy of the
press release is attached as Exhibit 99.1.
ITEM 9.01 Financial Statements and Exhibits.
Exhibit No. Description
10.1 Cooperation Agreement, dated as of March 26, 2020, by and among
Red Robin Gourmet Burgers, Inc., Vintage Capital Management, LLC
and Kahn Capital Management, LLC.
99.1 Press release dated March 27, 2020, announcing Anthony Ackil's
appointment to Board of Directors.
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