Saudi Arabia has sold minority stakes in big state firms and listed them on its bourse partly to expose them to market discipline. Monday's announcements illustrated, before the market opens to direct foreign investment later this year, that the firms sometimes still act like government bodies.
“I expect almost all Saudi listed and non-listed companies to make such payments, which will have a short-term impact on their operating profitability,” said Shakeel Sarwar, head of asset management at Securities & Investment Co in Bahrain.
“But the beneficiaries of these payouts will spend the money and that should help consumer stocks plus banks, which might see retail loans increase. Overall, this should benefit the economy.”
Saudi Electricity Co (>> Saudi Electricity Company) will distribute 545 million riyals (99 million pounds) among its Saudi employees, it said in a bourse statement on Monday. Bonuses will not exceed 50,000 riyals per staff member. The government owns 81 percent of the Gulf's largest utility, according to Reuters data.
Saudi Telecom Co (>> Saudi Telecom Company), 70 percent state-owned, will pay an extra 395 million riyals to its Saudi employees, it said in a similar filing, adding that the payout would be recorded in its first-quarter earnings.
Saudi Basic Industries Corp (>> Saudi Basic Industries Corporation) (SABIC), the Gulf’s biggest list company and one of the world’s top petrochemical producers, will pay two months’ basic salary to Saudi employees and has recommended its subsidiaries and affiliates do likewise, according to an internal memorandum seen by Reuters and confirmed by an official source.
SABIC’s units include Saudi Arabia Fertiliser Co (>> Saudi Arabia Fertilizers Co.), Saudi Kayan Petrochemical Co (>> Saudi Kayan Petrochemical Company) and Yanbu National Petrochemical Co (>> Yanbu National Petrochemicals Company).
Southern Province Cement (>> Southern Province Cement Company), majority-owned by state funds, revealed it would pay two months’ salary to Saudi employees, plus half a month’s pay to non-Saudis.
Several of the country's largest banks will also pay two-month bonuses, according to financial news website Argaam. The government owns major stakes in National Commercial Bank (>> National Commercial Bank SJSC), Samba Financial Group (>> Samba Financial Group) and Riyad Bank (>> Riyad Bank), Reuters data shows.
Last week, Saudi Arabia's newly crowned King Salman ordered the immediate payment of two months of bonus salary to all state employees and pension to retired government workers, marking his accession after the death of his brother King Abdullah.
Salman's announcement did not give a monetary figure, but analysts said the payout to state employees could be worth some 70 billion riyals, while additional handouts to pensioners, students and others could make total state spending much larger.
Government handouts are a tradition in Saudi Arabia at times of political transition or tension. After uprisings in some other Arab countries in 2011, Abdullah announced tens of billions of dollars of new welfare spending, and some Saudi companies followed suit with their own handouts.
“Saudi companies don’t pay income tax, so these occasional one-off payments can be construed as indirect taxes for the benefit of the overall society and population,” said Sarwar.
(Additional reporting by Amena Bakr in Doha and Matt Smith in Dubai; Writing by Matt Smith; Editing by Andrew Torchia)
By Marwa Rashad and Reem Shamseddine
Stocks treated in this article : Saudi Basic Industries Corporation
, Saudi Telecom Company
, Riyad Bank
, Samba Financial Group
, Saudi Arabia Fertilizers Co.
, Saudi Electricity Company
, Yanbu National Petrochemicals Company
, Saudi Kayan Petrochemical Company
, Southern Province Cement Company
, DAMAC Real Estate Development Ltd
, DAMC PROP
, National Commercial Bank SJSC