U.S. Silica Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: SLCA), a diversified industrial minerals company and the leading last-mile logistics provider to the oil and gas industry (the 'Company'), today announced first quarter 2020 results, including a net loss of $72.3 million, or $(0.98) per basic and diluted share.
The first quarter results were negatively impacted by $103.9 million or $1.07 per share in goodwill and other asset impairments, $2.2 million or $0.02 per share in costs related to plant startup and expansion, $1.1 million or $0.01 per share in facility closure costs, $0.6 million or $0.01 per share related to merger and acquisition expenses, partly offset by $15.2 million or $0.16 per share in other adjustments, resulting in adjusted EPS for the first quarter of $(0.03) per basic and diluted share.
'I'd like to congratulate my colleagues on delivering a solid first quarter in 2020 while appropriately prioritizing personal health and safety,' said Bryan Shinn, chief executive officer. 'Despite the COVID-19 pandemic and energy market headwinds, we experienced minimal operational disruptions during the quarter thanks to the efforts of our team. While we recognize the challenges that lie ahead in our Oil & Gas segment, we are encouraged by the resilience of our Industrial & Specialty Products segment, which delivered double-digit profitability growth in the quarter.'
'Looking ahead, we expect that our diatomaceous earth and specialty clay product lines in particular will continue to perform relatively well, spurred by strong demand for food and beverage filtration media. In our Oil & Gas segment, we expect that volumes and loads will directionally track completions activity, but, as with the 2015-2016 oilfield downturn, we expect to gain market share this year due to our attractive, low cost offerings,' he added.
'We also remain laser focused on liquidity management and have rapidly aligned our cost structure and capacity with changing customer demand, which we believe will allow us to emerge from this downturn leaner, stronger and well-positioned to capitalize when the inevitable rebound occurs,' he concluded.
First Quarter 2020 Highlights
Revenue of $269.6 million for the first quarter of 2020 compared with $339.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2019, down 20% sequentially and down 29% from the first quarter of 2019.
Overall tons sold of 4.161 million for the first quarter of 2020 compared with 4.204 million tons sold in the fourth quarter of 2019, down 1% sequentially and down 14% from the first quarter of 2019.
Contribution margin of $76.2 million for the first quarter of 2020 compared with $107.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2019, down 29% sequentially and down 26% from the first quarter of 2019.
Net loss of $72.3 million, or $0.98 loss per basic and diluted share, for the first quarter of 2020, compared with net loss of $19.3 million, or $0.26 loss per basic and diluted share, for the first quarter of 2019.
Adjusted EBITDA of $48.2 million for the first quarter of 2020 compared with $73.6 million in the fourth quarter of 2019, down 34% sequentially and down 30% from the first quarter of 2019.
Industrial and Specialty Products
Revenue of $113.9 million for the first quarter of 2020 compared with $104.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2019, up 9% sequentially and down 4% from the first quarter of 2019.
Tons sold totaled 0.959 million for the first quarter of 2020 compared with 0.842 million tons sold in the fourth quarter of 2019, up 14% sequentially and down 1% from the first quarter of 2019.
Segment contribution margin of $43.3 million, or $45.20 per ton, for the first quarter of 2020 compared with $39.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2019, up 11% sequentially and down 3% from the first quarter of 2019.
The Industrial & Specialty Products segment experienced an 11% sequential increase in contribution margin, driven by overall growth in sales volumes and increased sales of higher-margin specialty products. In the first quarter, the Company grew its market share in the global diatomaceous earth filtration market by executing new contracts and extending current contracts with multiple multinational alcoholic beverage and brewing companies. The Company also raised prices and expanded margins in certain markets and signed a new contract with a global building products & equipment manufacturer, with volumes contracted through 2025.
Oil & Gas
Revenue of $155.7 million for the first quarter of 2020 compared with $234.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2019, down 34% sequentially and down 40% from the first quarter of 2019.
Tons sold of 3.202 million for the first quarter of 2020 compared with 3.362 million tons sold in the fourth quarter of 2019, down 5% sequentially and down 17% from the first quarter of 2019.
Segment contribution margin of $32.9 million, or $10.27 per ton, for the first quarter of 2020 compared with $68.0 million in the fourth quarter of 2019, down 52% sequentially and down 44% from the first quarter of 2019.
In the Oil & Gas segment, the Company sold 3.202 million tons in the first quarter, down 5% from the prior quarter, as a result of slowing demand for Northern White Sand and the idling of the Tyler facility. However, pricing improved 3% during the quarter, driven primarily by gains in West Texas. The improvement in pricing, combined with significant cost reductions driven by the continued optimization of its transload network and efficiency improvements at its West Texas operations, resulted in a doubling of contribution margin dollars when adjusting for the one-time customer shortfall penalty recognized in the prior quarter.
In the first quarter, the Company signed a new contract with a leading energy customer. SandBox loads declined 14% during the quarter due to lower demand in the Mid-Con, South Texas and Rockies regions. The negotiated settlement acquisition of Arrows Up, which closed during the quarter, was accretive to first-quarter earnings and the Company is excited to welcome the Arrows Up team to its portfolio of dynamic offerings.
As of March 31, 2020, the Company had $144.7 million in cash and cash equivalents and $68.5 million, including $6.5 million allocated for letters of credit, available under its credit facilities. Total debt outstanding under our credit facilities as of March 31, 2020 was $1.244 billion.
Capital expenditures in the first quarter totaled $16.1 million and were primarily related to the payment of capital expenditures accrued in 2019 and improvements and expansions at the Company's industrial facilities in Millen, Georgia, and Columbia, South Carolina.
The Company's forecast of capital expenditures for the full year 2020 is expected to be $30.0 million, at the low end of the previously announced guidance of $30.0 to $40.0 million and 75% lower than 2019 capital expenditures of $118.4 million.
Outlook and Guidance
Due to the sharp decline in crude oil prices and the expected reduction in well completions, the Company expects its Oil & Gas segment sales next quarter to decline sharply. However, the Company's costs in this segment are highly variable and the Company will continue to right-size its operations accordingly. In response to these challenging conditions, the Company has idled or curtailed production at several facilities, reducing its staffed annual Oil & Gas production capacity from 24 million tons to 6 million tons.
The Company expects a limited impact to its Industrial & Specialty Products segment, with sales volumes generally tracking GDP trends. The Company expects a decline in the segment's second-quarter sales as a result of temporary shutdowns by some customers in April and May related to COVID-19 and a slowing demand environment for some end markets like building products and automotive. However, the Company expects demand for other products, including diatomaceous earth and specialty clays used for the filtration of food and beverages, to remain relatively strong.
About U.S. Silica
U.S. Silica Holdings, Inc. is a global performance materials company and last-mile logistics provider and is a member of the Russell 2000 Index. The Company is a leading producer of commercial silica used in a wide range of industrial applications and in the oil and gas industry. Over its 120-year history, U.S. Silica has developed core competencies in mining, processing, logistics and materials science that enable it to produce and cost-effectively deliver over 400 diversified product types to customers across its multiple end markets. U.S. Silica's wholly owned subsidiaries include EP Minerals and SandBox Logistics. EP Minerals is an industry leader in the production of products derived from diatomaceous earth, perlite, engineered clays, and non-activated clays. SandBox Logistics is a state-of-the-art leader in proppant storage, handling and well-site delivery, dedicated to making proppant logistics cleaner, safer and more efficient. The Company currently operates 23 mines and production facilities. The Company is headquartered in Katy, Texas and has offices in Reno, Nevada, Chicago, Illinois and Houston, Texas.
The presentation referred to above contains 'forward-looking statements' within the meaning of the federal securities laws - that is, statements about the future, not about past events. Forward-looking statements give our current expectations and projections relating to our financial condition, results of operations, plans, objectives, future performance and business. These statements may include words such as 'anticipate,' 'estimate,' 'expect,' 'project,' 'plan,' 'intend,' 'believe,' 'may,' 'will,' 'should,' 'could,' 'can have,' 'likely' and other words and terms of similar meaning. Forward-looking statements made include any statement that does not directly relate to any historical or current fact and may include, but are not limited to, statements regarding the Company's growth opportunities, strategy, future financial results, forecasts, projections, plans and capital expenditures, ability to reduce costs or idle plants, the impacts of COVID-19 on the Company's operations, and the commercial silica industry. Forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and assumptions, which may not prove to be accurate. These statements are not guarantees and are subject to risks, uncertainties and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict. Many factors could cause actual results to differ materially and adversely from these forward-looking statements. Among these factors are global economic conditions; the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on markets the Company serves, fluctuations in demand for commercial silica, diatomaceous earth, perlite, clay and cellulose; fluctuations in demand for frac sand or the development of either effective alternative proppants or new processes to replace hydraulic fracturing; the entry of competitors into our marketplace; changes in production spending by companies in the oil and gas industry and changes in the level of oil and natural gas exploration and development; general economic, political and business conditions in key regions of the world; pricing pressure; weather and seasonal factors; the cyclical nature of our customers' business; our inability to meet our financial and performance targets and other forecasts or expectations; our substantial indebtedness and pension obligations, including restrictions on our operations imposed by our indebtedness; operational modifications, delays or cancellations; prices for electricity, natural gas and diesel fuel; our ability to maintain our transportation network; changes in government regulations and regulatory requirements, including those related to mining, explosives, chemicals, and oil and gas production; silica-related health issues and corresponding litigation and other risks and uncertainties detailed in this press release and our Forms 10-K, 10-Q, and 8-K filed with or furnished to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. If one or more of these or other risks or uncertainties materialize (or the consequences of such a development changes), or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual outcomes may vary materially from those reflected in our forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of the presentation referred to above, and we disclaim any intention or obligation to update publicly or revise such statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Adjusted EBITDA is not a measure of our financial performance or liquidity under GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss) as a measure of operating performance, cash flows from operating activities as a measure of liquidity or any other performance measure derived in accordance with GAAP. Additionally, Adjusted EBITDA is not intended to be a measure of free cash flow for management's discretionary use, as it does not consider certain cash requirements such as interest payments, tax payments and debt service requirements. Adjusted EBITDA contains certain other limitations, including the failure to reflect our cash expenditures, cash requirements for working capital needs and cash costs to replace assets being depreciated and amortized, and excludes certain charges that may recur in the future. Management compensates for these limitations by relying primarily on our GAAP results and by using Adjusted EBITDA only supplementally. Our measure of Adjusted EBITDA is not necessarily comparable to other similarly titled captions of other companies due to potential inconsistencies in the methods of calculation.
What impact has the COVID-19 pandemic had on your operations and financial condition What impact do you expect it to have on future operations and financial condition
To date, we have experienced minimal operational disruptions as a direct result of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, going forward we expect some demand weakness from some of our industrial end markets like building products and automotive as a result of disruptions related to COVID-19. However, we expect demand for other industrial products such as diatomaceous earth and specialty clays to remain relatively strong.
What is the capex guidance for the full year 2020 What is the split between maintenance and growth capex
We expect capital expenditures in 2020 to be approximately $30.0 million, at the low end of the previous $30.0 to $40.0 million guidance and 75% lower compared with 2019 capital expenditures. The split between maintenance and growth capex is approximately 50-50.
How much Oil & Gas sand capacity has U.S. Silica idled to date
To date, U.S. Silica has idled seven facilities and reduced capacity at six other facilities, thereby reducing its staffed annual Oil & Gas production capacity from 24 million tons to 6 million tons.