Mr. Edward A. Kangas is an Independent Director at VIVUS, Inc., a Chairman at DB USA Corp., a Lead Independent Director at Intelsat SA, an Independent Director at Hovnanian Enterprises, Inc. and a Member-Directors Table Division at Beta Gamma Sigma, Inc. He is on the Board of Directors at VIVUS, Inc., Intelsat SA, Intelsat US LLC, Hovnanian Enterprises, Inc., MultiPlan, Inc., Network Solutions LLC, EGS Group Ltd., Committee for Economic Development and Kansas University Endowment Association. Mr. Kangas was previously employed as a Lead Independent Director by United Technologies Corp., an Independent Director by Intuit, Inc., an Independent Director by Expert Global Solutions, Inc., a Lead Independent Director by Tenet Healthcare Corp., a Chairman by The National Multiple Sclerosis Society, a Chairman & Chief Executive Officer by Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu LLC, a Managing Partner by D&T Partners LLP, a Chief Executive Officer & Managing Partner by Touche Ross, a Vice Chairman by Norwalk Health Services Corp., a Chairman by Oncology Therapeutics Network Corp., and a Trustee by The Norwalk Hospital Association. He also served on the board at Intelsat Investments SA, Allscripts Healthcare Solutions, Inc., NCO Group, Inc., Tempest Recovery Services, Inc., Eclipsys Corp., Electronic Data Systems Corp., Allscripts-Misys Healthcare Solutions, Inc., Asset Recovery & Management Corp., Gulf State Credit LLC and Multiple Sclerosis International Federation. He received his undergraduate degree from the University of Kansas and an MBA from the University of Kansas.