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BLS U S Bureau of Labor Statistics : Consumer Price Index, Hawaii Area – May 2019

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06/12/2019 | 03:29pm EDT

News Release Information

19-965-SAN
Wednesday, June 12, 2019

Area prices were up 0.7 percent over the past two months, up 2.1 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Honolulu area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.7 percent for the two months ending in May 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the May increase was influenced by higher prices for gasoline, shelter, and electricity. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 2.1 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices increased 3.9 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of electricity. The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.8 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices increased 0.5 percent for the two months ending in May. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home advanced 0.8 percent, and prices for food away from home rose 0.3 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices moved up 3.1 percent. Prices for food away from home advanced 4.2 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home rose 2.1 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 7.5 percent for the two months ending in May. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (8.7 percent). Prices for natural gas service jumped 11.9 percent, and prices for electricity advanced 5.9 percent for the same period.

Energy prices increased 3.9 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for electricity (9.7 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service increased 6.7 percent, but prices for gasoline decreased 0.4 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for both shelter (0.4 percent) and education and communication (0.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-1.1 percent) and recreation (-1.0 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 1.8 percent. Components contributing to the increase included recreation (3.9 percent) and shelter (3.1 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decline in new and used motor vehicles (-4.4 percent).

The July 2019 Consumer Price Index for the Honolulu area is scheduled to be released on August 13, 2019.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). This index changed to a bimonthly publication schedule beginning in January, 2018. The first indexes using the new structure were published in February 2018. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.

Historical data, including semiannual and annual averages, are available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/data.htm


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period 'market basket' of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE:Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Urban Hawaii area covered in this release consists of Honolulu in the State of Hawaii.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339

Item and Group Indexes Percent change from-
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019
May
2018
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019

Expenditure category

All items

280.263 - 282.271 2.1 0.7 -

All items (1967=100)

771.555 - 777.084 - - -

Food and beverages

286.936 - 288.183 2.9 0.4 -

Food

287.753 - 289.332 3.1 0.5 -

Food at home

274.797 273.986 276.911 2.1 0.8 1.1

Cereals and bakery products

299.666 - 310.699 -0.6 3.7 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

257.361 - 259.254 4.0 0.7 -

Dairy and related products

236.691 - 243.049 3.7 2.7 -

Fruits and vegetables

339.489 - 350.165 3.9 3.1 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

349.583 - 332.602 -1.6 -4.9 -

Other food at home

259.828 - 260.244 1.6 0.2 -

Food away from home

295.412 - 296.367 4.2 0.3 -

Food away from home

295.412 - 296.367 4.2 0.3 -

Alcoholic beverages

271.570 - 266.475 -1.3 -1.9 -

Housing

305.967 - 308.294 3.2 0.8 -

Shelter

334.174 335.470 335.670 3.1 0.4 0.1

Rent of primary residence

324.331 324.979 326.682 2.9 0.7 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of residences

348.903 349.889 349.319 3.1 0.1 -0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence

348.903 349.889 349.319 3.1 0.1 -0.2

Fuels and utilities

361.361 - 375.909 7.8 4.0 -

Household energy

289.566 297.572 307.132 9.5 6.1 3.2

Energy services

284.639 292.532 302.014 9.6 6.1 3.2

Electricity

281.895 289.048 298.397 9.7 5.9 3.2

Utility (piped) gas service

287.031 310.551 321.075 6.7 11.9 3.4

Household furnishings and operations

146.080 - 146.448 -1.7 0.3 -

Apparel

113.199 - 111.957 -1.7 -1.1 -

Transportation

222.641 - 226.915 -1.7 1.9 -

Private transportation

221.038 - 225.101 -1.5 1.8 -

New and used motor vehicles

104.748 - 104.549 -4.4 -0.2 -

New vehicles

166.627 - 166.627 -4.5 0.0 -

Used cars and trucks

243.060 - 239.904 -0.4 -1.3 -

Motor fuel

247.653 265.548 269.142 -0.4 8.7 1.4

Gasoline (all types)

254.081 272.500 276.207 -0.4 8.7 1.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular

265.267 284.514 287.713 -0.9 8.5 1.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade

209.658 226.716 229.840 2.9 9.6 1.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium

232.689 249.069 255.842 2.0 10.0 2.7

Motor vehicle insurance

489.602 - 485.506 0.4 -0.8 -

Medical care

- - - - - -

Recreation

132.785 - 131.519 3.9 -1.0 -

Education and communication

143.400 - 144.034 2.3 0.4 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care

1,752.585 - 1,756.471 6.0 0.2 -

Other goods and services

500.460 - 502.855 0.3 0.5 -

Commodity and service group

All items

280.263 - 282.271 2.1 0.7 -

Commodities

204.671 - 207.099 0.5 1.2 -

Commodities less food & beverages

155.058 - 157.943 -1.6 1.9 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

194.221 - 200.143 -1.4 3.0 -

Durables

111.848 - 112.114 -1.8 0.2 -

Services

346.223 - 347.886 3.0 0.5 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

272.680 - 274.607 2.1 0.7 -

All items less shelter

256.748 - 259.055 1.5 0.9 -

Commodities less food

159.301 - 162.022 -1.6 1.7 -

Nondurables

242.172 - 245.704 1.1 1.5 -

Nondurables less food

198.930 - 204.325 -1.4 2.7 -

Services less rent of shelter

359.798 - 361.695 2.8 0.5 -

Services less medical care services

338.252 - 339.974 3.0 0.5 -

Energy

263.864 277.466 283.561 3.9 7.5 2.2

All items less energy

283.078 - 283.847 2.0 0.3 -

All items less food and energy

284.089 - 284.709 1.8 0.2 -

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Disclaimer

BLS - U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics published this content on 12 June 2019 and is solely responsible for the information contained therein. Distributed by Public, unedited and unaltered, on 12 June 2019 19:28:08 UTC

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