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BLS U S Bureau of Labor Statistics : Employer Costs for Employee Compensation

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09/17/2019 | 10:07am EDT

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, September 17, 2019

USDL-19-1649

Technical information:

(202) 691-6199

ncsinfo@bls.gov •

www.bls.gov/ect

Media contact:

(202) 691-5902

pressoffice@bls.gov

EMPLOYER COSTS FOR EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION - JUNE 2019

Employer costs for employee compensation averaged $36.61 per hour worked in June 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries averaged $25.12 per hour worked and accounted for 68.6 percent of these costs, while benefit costs averaged $11.48 and accounted for the remaining 31.4 percent. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Chart 1. Employer costs per employee hour worked, June 2019

Chart 2. Employer retirement and savings costs per employee hour worked, June 2019

Highlights of employer benefit costs for civilian workers (See table 1.)

  • Paid leave averaged $2.64 per hour worked or 7.2 percent of total compensation. Average costs for paid leave components include $1.30 per hour for vacation (3.5 percent of total compensation), $0.78 for holiday (2.1 percent), $0.41 for sick leave (1.1 percent), and $0.16 for personal leave (0.4 percent).
  • Supplemental pay averaged $1.03 per hour worked or 2.8 percent of total compensation. Average costs for supplemental pay components include $0.67 per hour for nonproduction bonuses (1.8 percent), $0.29 for overtime and premium (0.8 percent), and $0.07 for shift differentials (0.2 percent).
  • Insurance benefits averaged $3.19 per hour worked or 8.7 percent of total compensation. Average costs for insurance components include $0.05 per hour for life insurance (0.1 percent), $3.04 for health insurance (8.3 percent), $0.06 for short-termdisability (0.2 percent), and $0.04 for long-termdisability (0.1 percent).
  • Retirement and savings averaged $1.94 per hour worked or 5.3 percent of total compensation. Average costs for retirement and savings components include $1.20 per hour for defined benefit (3.3 percent) and $0.74 for defined contribution (2.0 percent).
  • Legally required benefits averaged $2.68 per hour worked or 7.3 percent of total compensation.

Chart 3. Employer retirement and savings costs per employee hour worked, private industry, June 2019

Chart 4. Employer retirement and savings costs per employee hour worked, private industry, by census region, June 2019

Highlights of retirement and savings costs in private industry

  • Employer costs for retirement and savings averaged $1.31 per hour worked or 3.8 percent of total compensation. Retirement and savings include $0.52 per hour for defined benefit (1.5 percent) and $0.79 for defined contribution (2.3 percent). (See chart 2, table 1, and the database query tool at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.)
  • Employer retirement and savings costs by occupational group ranged from $0.30 per hour worked for service workers (1.7 percent of total compensation) to $2.54 for management, professional, and related workers (4.2 percent). (See table 4.)
  • Employer costs for nonunion workers retirement and savings were $1.03 per hour worked (3.1 percent of total compensation) and $4.19 (8.8 percent) for union workers. Defined benefit costs were significantly lower for nonunion workers at $0.28 (0.8 percent) compared with $3.01 (6.3 percent) for union workers. (See table 5 and the database query tool at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.)
  • Among major industry groups, retirement and savings benefit costs ranged from $0.26 per hour worked for leisure and hospitality workers (1.6 percent of total compensation) to $2.25 for information workers (3.9 percent). (See chart 3 and table 4.)
  • Employer costs among census regions averaged $1.11 per hour worked in the South (3.6 percent of total compensation), $1.21 in the Midwest (3.8 percent), $1.53 in the West (4.0 percent), and $1.54 in the Northeast (4.0 percent). (See chart 4 and table 7.)
  • Employer costs varied by establishment size. The smallest establishments (fewer than 50 workers) averaged $0.68 per hour worked (2.4 percent of total compensation) for retirement and savings benefits; those with 50-99 workers averaged $0.95 (3.1 percent); those with 100-499 employees averaged $1.42 (4.0 percent); and those with 500 or more employees averaged $2.77 (5.6 percent). (See table 6.)
  • Employer costs by work status averaged $0.37 per hour worked for part-time workers (2.0 percent of total compensation) and $1.63 per hour worked for full-time workers (4.1 percent). Costs for part-time workers in service occupations averaged $0.14 (1.0 percent), compared with $0.45 (2.2 percent) for full-time workers. (See table 5.)

___________

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for September 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, December 18, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).

- 2 -

TECHNICAL NOTE

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC), a product of the National Compensation Survey, provides the average cost to employers for wages and salaries as well as benefits per employee hour worked.

The ECEC covers the civilian economy, which includes data from both private industry and state and local government. Excluded from private industry are the self-employed, agricultural workers, and private household workers. Federal government workers are excluded from the public sector.

All workers are included in the benefit cost estimates including those that do not have plan access or do not participate. Costs are also affected by other factors such as cost sharing between employers and employees, plan features, and plan generosity. For the latest information on the percentage of workers with access to and participating in employer-sponsored benefit plans, including health care and retirement and savings plans, see www.bls.gov/ebs.

The "National Compensation Measures," of the BLS Handbook of Methods, www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm, provides additional details on the sample design, calculation methodology, and resources explaining changes over time.

Additional ECEC estimates, including historical data, are available in the ECEC database query tool at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.

Sample size

Data for the June 2019 reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately 26,500 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 6,400 private industry establishments and approximately 7,900 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and local government establishments that provided data at the initial interview.

Measures of reliability

Relative standard errors are available at www.bls.gov/web/ecec.supp.toc.htm and database query tools at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.

Comparing estimates across economic sectors

Compensation cost levels in state and local government should not be directly compared with levels in private industry. Differences between these sectors stem from factors such as variation in work activities and occupational structures. Manufacturing and sales, for example, make up a large part of private industry work activities but are rare in state and local government. Professional and administrative support occupations (including teachers) account for two-thirds of the state and local government workforce, compared with one-half of private industry.

Quarterly publication focus

This quarter's release focuses on retirement and savings benefit costs in private industry. Topics of news releases for the upcoming reference periods are as follows:

  • September 2019-compensation costs in state and local government
  • December 2019-supplemental pay costs in private industry

For 2019 ECEC release dates, see www.bls.gov/schedule/news_release/ecec.htm.

- 3 -

Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership

[June 2019]

Civilian workers1

Private industry

State and local

Compensation component

workers

government workers

Cost ($)

Percent of

Cost ($)

Percent of

Cost ($)

Percent of

compensation

compensation

compensation

Total compensation2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

36.61

100.0

34.44

100.0

50.78

100.0

Wages and salaries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

25.12

68.6

24.14

70.1

31.58

62.2

Total benefits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

11.48

31.4

10.30

29.9

19.20

37.8

Paid leave. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2.64

7.2

2.47

7.2

3.80

7.5

Vacation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.30

3.5

1.27

3.7

1.45

2.9

Holiday. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

0.78

2.1

0.74

2.1

1.08

2.1

Sick. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

0.41

1.1

0.32

0.9

0.97

1.9

Personal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

0.16

0.4

0.14

0.4

0.30

0.6

Supplemental pay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.03

2.8

1.11

3.2

0.51

1.0

Overtime and premium3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

0.29

0.8

0.30

0.9

0.22

0.4

Shift differentials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

0.07

0.2

0.08

0.2

0.05

0.1

Nonproduction bonuses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

0.67

1.8

0.74

2.1

0.24

0.5

Insurance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3.19

8.7

2.76

8.0

6.04

11.9

Life. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

0.05

0.1

0.04

0.1

0.07

0.1

Health. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3.04

8.3

2.60

7.6

5.89

11.6

Short-term disability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

0.06

0.2

0.07

0.2

0.03

0.1

Long-term disability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

0.04

0.1

0.04

0.1

0.05

0.1

Retirement and savings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.94

5.3

1.31

3.8

6.04

11.9

Defined benefit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.20

3.3

0.52

1.5

5.63

11.1

Defined contribution. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

0.74

2.0

0.79

2.3

0.41

0.8

Legally Required benefits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2.68

7.3

2.66

7.7

2.81

5.5

Social Security and Medicare. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2.05

5.6

2.03

5.9

2.19

4.3

Social Security4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.64

4.5

1.63

4.7

1.67

3.3

Medicare. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

0.42

1.1

0.40

1.2

0.52

1.0

Federal unemployment insurance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

0.02

0.1

0.03

0.1

-5

-6

State unemployment insurance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

0.13

0.4

0.14

0.4

0.06

0.1

Workers' compensation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

0.47

1.3

0.45

1.3

0.56

1.1

  • Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
    2 Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
    3 Includes premium pay for work (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays) in addition to the regular work schedule. 4 Social Security refers to the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.
    5 Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less. 6 Less than .05 percent.

- 4 -

Table 2. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for civilian workers by occupational and industry group

[June 2019]

Total

Wages and

Total benefits

Paid leave

Supplemental pay

Insurance

Retirement and

Legally required

Series

compensation1

salaries

savings

benefits

Cost ($)

Percent

Cost ($)

Percent

Cost ($)

Percent

Cost ($)

Percent

Cost ($)

Percent

Cost ($)

Percent

Cost ($)

Percent

Cost ($)

Percent

Civilian workers2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

36.61

100.0

25.12

68.6

11.48

31.4

2.64

7.2

1.03

2.8

3.19

8.7

1.94

5.3

2.68

7.3

Occupational group

Management, professional, and

related. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

60.48

100.0

41.35

68.4

19.13

31.6

5.13

8.5

1.68

2.8

4.86

8.0

3.69

6.1

3.77

6.2

Management, business and

financial. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

67.35

100.0

46.06

68.4

21.29

31.6

6.28

9.3

2.57

3.8

4.71

7.0

3.48

5.2

4.25

6.3

Professional and related. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

57.37

100.0

39.21

68.4

18.15

31.6

4.60

8.0

1.27

2.2

4.93

8.6

3.79

6.6

3.56

6.2

Teachers3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

62.48

100.0

42.54

68.1

19.94

31.9

3.22

5.1

0.23

0.4

6.33

10.1

6.94

11.1

3.22

5.2

Primary, secondary, and

special education school

teachers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

62.78

100.0

41.74

66.5

21.05

33.5

2.97

4.7

0.21

0.3

6.94

11.1

7.91

12.6

3.01

4.8

Registered nurses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

56.69

100.0

37.10

65.4

19.59

34.6

5.41

9.5

2.08

3.7

5.28

9.3

3.05

5.4

3.77

6.6

Sales and office. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

27.05

100.0

18.95

70.1

8.10

29.9

1.84

6.8

0.68

2.5

2.59

9.6

1.01

3.7

1.98

7.3

Sales and related. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

25.35

100.0

19.07

75.2

6.29

24.8

1.49

5.9

0.63

2.5

1.59

6.3

0.64

2.5

1.94

7.7

Office and administrative support. . . .

28.07

100.0

18.89

67.3

9.18

32.7

2.04

7.3

0.71

2.5

3.19

11.4

1.23

4.4

2.01

7.2

Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19.65

100.0

14.04

71.4

5.61

28.6

1.02

5.2

0.40

2.0

1.63

8.3

0.86

4.4

1.70

8.7

Natural resources, construction, and

maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

36.43

100.0

24.44

67.1

11.98

32.9

1.93

5.3

1.19

3.3

3.32

9.1

2.10

5.8

3.45

9.5

Construction, extraction, farming,

fishing, and forestry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

37.37

100.0

24.81

66.4

12.56

33.6

1.55

4.1

1.22

3.3

3.35

9.0

2.61

7.0

3.82

10.2

Installation, maintenance, and

repair. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

35.39

100.0

24.04

67.9

11.35

32.1

2.34

6.6

1.16

3.3

3.28

9.3

1.54

4.4

3.03

8.6

Production, transportation, and

material moving. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29.33

100.0

19.26

65.6

10.08

34.4

1.76

6.0

1.19

4.0

3.11

10.6

1.39

4.7

2.64

9.0

Production. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28.19

100.0

18.63

66.1

9.56

33.9

1.73

6.1

1.38

4.9

3.06

10.9

0.98

3.5

2.41

8.6

Transportation and material

moving. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

30.39

100.0

19.84

65.3

10.55

34.7

1.79

5.9

1.00

3.3

3.15

10.4

1.76

5.8

2.85

9.4

Industry group

Education and health services. . . . . . . . . .

42.39

100.0

28.76

67.9

13.62

32.1

3.20

7.6

0.65

1.5

4.20

9.9

2.92

6.9

2.65

6.3

Educational services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

52.62

100.0

34.88

66.3

17.74

33.7

3.35

6.4

0.24

0.5

5.79

11.0

5.54

10.5

2.82

5.4

Elementary and secondary

schools. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

51.87

100.0

33.96

65.5

17.91

34.5

2.80

5.4

0.20

0.4

6.05

11.7

6.24

12.0

2.61

5.0

Junior colleges, colleges, and

universities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

59.17

100.0

39.42

66.6

19.75

33.4

5.15

8.7

0.37

0.6

6.00

10.1

4.83

8.2

3.40

5.7

Health care and social assistance. . .

36.66

100.0

25.34

69.1

11.32

30.9

3.12

8.5

0.88

2.4

3.31

9.0

1.45

3.9

2.56

7.0

Hospitals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

50.11

100.0

32.34

64.5

17.77

35.5

4.86

9.7

1.77

3.5

5.26

10.5

2.66

5.3

3.22

6.4

  • Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
  • Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
    3 Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.

- 5 -

This is an excerpt of the original content. To continue reading it, access the original document here.

Disclaimer

BLS - U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics published this content on 17 September 2019 and is solely responsible for the information contained therein. Distributed by Public, unedited and unaltered, on 17 September 2019 14:06:02 UTC

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