The IAEA, in cooperation with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), is announcing a new Coordinated Research Project (CRP) on disease resistance in rice and wheat with a time frame of four years.
A range of diseases are responsible for hindering yield improvements in both rice and wheat. Changing climatic conditions are helping diseases spread to new localities and exacerbating their impact. In addition to the already widespread diseases of rice, such as blast, sheath blight, false smut and bacterial leaf blight, emerging diseases are increasingly becoming serious threats.
To minimize the impact of such diseases, environment-friendly and cost-effective technologies are needed to help prevent and manage them. The use of mutation breeding techniques to develop disease resistant varieties is a viable tool in the development of appropriate germplasms and varieties.
Mutations are the primary source of genetic variation in any organism, including plants. The use of mutation induction in generating new germplasm and developing new disease resistant varieties in rice and wheat is an efficient and valuable approach in crop improvement and has been very successful in rice and wheat breeding. More than 820 rice varieties and 255 wheat varieties have been developed by mutation breeding using mostly physical mutagens (https://mvd.iaea.org/#!Home).
IAEA - International Atomic Energy Agency published this content on 25 April 2018 and is solely responsible for the information contained herein. Distributed by Public, unedited and unaltered, on 25 April 2018 08:47:02 UTC