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Occupational Employment and Wages in Carbondale-Marion — May 2019

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06/02/2020 | 11:21am EDT

News Release Information

Tuesday, June 02, 2020

Workers in the Carbondale-Marion, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $21.55 in May 2019, about 16 percent below the nationwide average of $25.72, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were higher than their respective national averages in 1 of the 22 major occupational groups: construction and extraction. Seventeen groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including legal, computer and mathematical, and management.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Carbondale area employment was more highly concentrated in 4 of the 22 occupational groups, including healthcare practitioners and technical, educational instruction and library, and food preparation and serving related. Conversely, ten groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including business and financial operations, computer and mathematical, and transportation and material moving. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Carbondale United States Carbondale Percent difference

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 $25.72 $21.55* -16


5.5 5.6 58.88 40.58* -31

Business and financial operations

5.6 3.0* 37.56 29.06* -23

Computer and mathematical

3.1 1.2* 45.08 26.73* -41

Architecture and engineering

1.8 0.9* 42.69 32.62* -24

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 0.7* 37.28 26.51* -29

Community and social service

1.5 1.7 24.27 22.90 -6


0.8 0.6* 52.71 33.66* -36

Educational instruction and library

6.1 8.9* 27.75 27.80 0

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.4 0.9* 29.79 22.31* -25

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9 9.2* 40.21 34.80* -13

Healthcare support

4.4 4.2 14.91 14.12* -5

Protective service

2.4 2.6 23.98 23.71 -1

Food preparation and serving related

9.2 11.0* 12.82 11.38* -11

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.0 2.6* 15.03 13.74* -9

Personal care and service

2.2 1.8* 15.03 13.29* -12

Sales and related

9.8 8.4* 20.70 14.72* -29

Office and administrative support

13.3 14.4 19.73 16.93* -14

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 15.07

Construction and extraction

4.2 3.7 25.28 29.46* 17

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 4.6* 24.10 22.20* -8


6.2 7.0 19.30 15.82* -18

Transportation and material moving

8.5 7.0* 18.23 17.00* -7

One occupational group-healthcare practitioners and technical-was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Carbondale had 4,850 jobs in healthcare practitioners and technical, accounting for 9.2 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 5.9-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $34.80, significantly below the national wage of $40.21.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group included registered nurses (1,720), licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses (360), and pharmacy technicians (230). Among the higher-paying jobs in this group were obstetricians and gynecologists and family medicine physicians, with mean hourly wages of $129.49 and $70.99, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were veterinary technologists and technicians ($14.76) and emergency medical technicians and paramedics ($15.23). (Detailed data for the healthcare practitioners and technical occupations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_16060.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Carbondale area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group. For instance, family medicine physicians were employed at 3.9 times the national rate in Carbondale, and radiologic technologists and technicians, at 2.5 times the U.S. average. Emergency medical technicians and paramedics had a location quotient of 1.1 in Carbondale, indicating that this particular occupation's local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Illinois Department of Employment Security.

Changes to the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Data

With the May 2019 estimates, the OES program has begun implementing the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. Each set of OES estimates is calculated from six panels of survey data collected over three years. Because the May 2019 estimates are based on a combination of survey data collected using the 2010 SOC and survey data collected using the 2018 SOC, these estimates use a hybrid of the two classification systems that contains some combinations of occupations that are not found in either the 2010 or 2018 SOC. These combinations may include occupations from more than one 2018 SOC minor group or broad occupation. Therefore, OES will not publish data for some 2018 SOC minor groups and broad occupations in the May 2019 estimates. The May 2021 estimates, to be published in Spring 2022, will be the first OES estimates based entirely on survey data collected using the 2018 SOC.

In addition, the OES program has replaced some 2018 SOC detailed occupations with SOC broad occupations or OES-specific aggregations. These include home health aides and personal care aides, for which OES will publish only the 2018 SOC broad occupation 31-1120 Home Health and Personal Care Aides.

For more information on the occupational classification system used in the May 2019 OES estimates, please see www.bls.gov/oes/soc_2018.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm#qf10.

The May 2019 OES estimates use the metropolitan area definitions delineated in Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Bulletin 17-01, which add a new Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) for Twin Falls, Idaho. For more information on the area definitions used in the May 2019 estimates, please see www.bls.gov/oes/current/msa_def.htm.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 580 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-digit, most 4-digit, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

The OES survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support, while the State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.1 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 180,000 to 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2019 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2019, November 2018, May 2018, November 2017, May 2017, and November 2016. The unweighted sample employment of 83 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 57 percent of total national employment. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 71 percent based on establishments and 68 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The sample in the Carbondale-Marion, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area included 760 establishments with a response rate of 71 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_tec.htm.

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

The May 2019 OES estimates are the first set of OES estimates to be based in part on survey data collected using the 2018 SOC. These estimates use a hybrid of the 2010 and 2018 SOC systems. More information on the hybrid classification system is available at www.bls.gov/oes/soc_2018.htm.

The May 2019 OES estimates are based on the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). More information about the 2017 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Carbondale-Marion, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Jackson and Williamson Counties.

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed information about the OES program is available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_doc.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Occupation Employment Mean wages
Level Location quotient Hourly Annual

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

4,850 1.6 $34.80 $72,390

Dietitians and nutritionists

40 1.5 27.30 56,780


41.09 85,470


140 1.3 62.27 129,520

Physician assistants

70 1.6 46.68 97,100

Occupational therapists

70 1.5 39.29 81,720

Physical therapists

100 1.2 38.06 79,160

Respiratory therapists

110 2.2 25.77 53,600

Speech-language pathologists

33.26 69,190

Registered nurses

1,720 1.6 28.55 59,390

Nurse practitioners

70 1.0 46.64 97,010

Family medicine physicians

150 3.9 70.99 147,650

Obstetricians and gynecologists

50 6.9 129.49 269,330

Physicians, all other; and ophthalmologists, except pediatric

180 1.3 95.53 198,700

Dental hygienists

60 0.7 31.62 65,760

Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians

190 1.7 23.38 48,640

Diagnostic medical sonographers

80 3.0 33.09 68,840

Radiologic technologists and technicians

180 2.5 26.85 55,840

Magnetic resonance imaging technologists

30 2.3 30.64 63,730

Emergency medical technicians and paramedics

110 1.1 15.23 31,690

Pharmacy technicians

230 1.5 15.78 32,830

Surgical technologists

80 2.2 19.96 41,520

Veterinary technologists and technicians

60 1.5 14.76 30,710

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

360 1.5 19.76 41,110

Opticians, dispensing

18.17 37,790

Medical dosimetrists, medical records specialists, and health technologists and technicians, all other

180 1.5 19.38 40,320


BLS - U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics published this content on 02 June 2020 and is solely responsible for the information contained therein. Distributed by Public, unedited and unaltered, on 02 June 2020 15:20:02 UTC

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