U.S. travel curbs on much of continental Europe announced by President Donald Trump on Wednesday deepened the sector's misery that began after the virus emerged in China late last year and reduced traffic.
United Airlines Holdings Inc warned of U.S. travel disruption as the virus spreads domestically and major tourist attractions like Walt Disney Co's theme parks in California and Florida said they would close.
American Airlines Group Inc and United said they would continue normal flights to and from Europe for the next week but would be reducing capacity to Europe by around 50% in April.
American also said it was cutting international capacity by 34% for the summer travel season and accelerating the retirement of its Boeing Co 757 and 767 planes.
Delta Air Lines Inc also said it would significantly reduce its U.S.-Europe schedule after Sunday as it continues to watch customer demand.
German airport operator Fraport said on Friday that passenger numbers at its key Frankfurt airport dropped by around 30% in the first week of March due to the coronavirus epidemic.
"We have to assume that the strong decline in air traffic volumes will continue during the next few weeks and months," CEO Stefan Schulte said in a statement.
Air France KLM SA said on Friday that it had drawn down on 1.1 billion euros ($1.2 billion) worth of its revolving credit facility to help its financial position.
The International Air Transport Association (IATA), a global industry group representing airlines, called on governments to consider extending lines of credit, reducing infrastructure costs and cutting taxes.
IATA last week estimated that the crisis could wipe out some $113 billion of industry revenue, in a forecast that did not include the U.S. clampdown on European travel.
"There is a heightened concern there will be increased airline bankruptcies in 2020 given the fallout from the coronavirus," Cowen analyst Helane Becker said.
"We expect some governments to step in to help some airlines, but ultimately we expect more airlines to fail this year than last year," she said in a note to clients, citing Cirium data that 41 airlines with 324 aircraft went bankrupt last year.
Cash-strapped low-cost carrier Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA said on Thursday it would cut 4,000 flights and temporarily lay off up to half of its employees due to the coronavirus outbreak.
The Indian government said it would extend the deadline for submission of early bids for ailing state carrier Air India until April 30 in part due to the virus situation.
ASIA-PACIFIC HIT HARD
Virgin Australia Holdings Ltd, Auckland International Airport Ltd, Flight Centre Travel Group Ltd and Corporate Travel Management Ltd said they would take hits to earnings from reduced travel demand.
Australia's No. 2 carrier, Virgin Australia, said it would offer discounted fares and cut some flights from Sydney to Los Angeles as demand for trans-Pacific travel fell.
"You will see us continue to be very disciplined with capacity as the situation evolves," Virgin Australia Chief Executive Paul Scurrah told reporters, echoing similar comments by rival Qantas Airways Ltd earlier in the week.
Virgin and Flight Centre joined a growing list of travel companies, which includes the big U.S. airlines, that are freezing hiring, halting executive bonuses and offering unpaid leave.
Singapore will deny from Monday entry or transit to visitors who have been in Italy, France, Spain or Germany in the last 14 days, the health ministry said on Friday.
Earlier in the day, Singapore Changi Airport announced seat capacity for the month of March was down nearly 30% from what was originally scheduled.
CGS-CIMB analyst Raymond Yap said the global spread of the virus meant the fall in demand for Singapore Airlines Ltd regional flights was likely to spread to long-haul flights, hurting the take-up rate in the lucrative business and first-class cabins.
Japan's ANA Holdings Inc and Japan Airlines Co Ltd (JAL) closed 7.6% and 13% lower respectively.
JAL said it would cut 1,468 domestic flights between March 20 and March 28 stemming from lower demand because sporting and cultural events had been suspended in Japan.
ANA will cut the number of daily flights from Japan to Los Angeles and New York and reduce operations to other cities in North America from Monday, it said. It also said there will be fewer flights to Europe including France, Germany and Belgium.
(Reporting by Jamie Freed in Sydney and Tracy Rucinski in Chicago; Additional reporting by Anshuman Daga in Singapore, Sudip Kar-Gupta; in Paris, Thomas Seythal in Berlin and Chang-Ran Kim and Tim Kelly in Tokyo; Editing by Christopher Cushing and Stephen Coates)
By Jamie Freed and Tracy Rucinski
Stocks treated in this article : Fraport
, Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA
, Singapore Airlines Limited
, ANA Holdings Inc.
, Qantas Airways Limited
, Flight Centre Travel Group Limited
, Corporate Travel Management Limited
, Virgin Australia Holdings Limited
, Japan Airlines Co., Ltd.
, American Airlines Group Inc.
, Auckland International Airport Limited
, United Airlines Holdings, Inc.