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Bank of Jamaica : Inflation Expectations Survey Report - July 2020

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09/18/2020 | 06:40pm EDT

Survey of Businesses' Inflation

Expectations

July 2020

SECTOR ANALYSIS DEPARTMENT

RESEARCH AND ECONOMIC PROGRAMMING DIVISION

Inflation Expectations Survey

The Statistical Institute of Jamaica (STATIN) undertakes surveys of businesses on behalf of the Bank of Jamaica to ascertain the expectations of these economic agents about variables which are likely to have an impact on inflation in the near-term. In this regard, the survey captures the perception of Chief Executive Officers, Managing Directors and Financial Controllers about the future movement of prices, current and future business conditions and the expected rate of increase in wages/salaries. These responses assist the Central Bank in charting future policy decisions. The most recent survey was conducted between 06 July 2020 and the 10 August 30 2020 and had 316 respondents. Below are highlights from that survey.

Figure 1: Inflation Expectations

If you expect inflation, what do you expect the rate of inflation to be for the current calendar year and over the next 12 months?"

Figure 2: Expected Annual Inflation

What do you expect the rate of inflation to be over the next 12 months?

8.0

7.2

6.9

7.0

6.5

6.0

6.3

5.0

5.3

5.7

4.0

4.7

3.0

2.0

12 Month Ahead Inflation Expectation

1.0

Actual Inflation YoY

0.0

Apr-18May-18Jun-18Jul-18Aug-18Sep-18Oct-18

Nov-18Dec-18Jan-19Feb-19Mar-19Apr-19May-19Jun-19Jul-19Aug-19Sep-19Oct-19Nov-19Dec-19Jan-20Feb-20Mar-20Apr-20May-20Jun-20Jul-20

Inflation Expectations

In the July 2020 survey, respondents' expectation for inflation for (CY) 2020 was 6.2 per cent. This expectation was above the annual point-to-point inflation of 5.7 per cent for July 2020 (see Figure 1). Respondents' expectation of inflation 12 months ahead also decreased slightly to 6.5 per cent, from the previous survey's estimate of 6.9 per

cent (see Figure 2).

Prepared by the Sector Analysis Department

July 2020 Survey

Overview

  • The July 2020 survey indicated an expected inflation of 6.2 per cent for calendar year (CY) 2020, which is marginally lower than the June 2020 survey outturn of 6.7 per cent. The expected inflation 12 months ahead also decreased marginally to 6.5 per cent relative to the previous survey outturn of 6.9 per cent.
  • The perception of inflation control declined slightly in the July 2020 survey relative to the June 2020 survey.
  • Respondents anticipate that the currency will depreciate over the 3-month,6-month and 12- month time horizons at a faster pace relative to the previous survey.
  • The majority of respondents continued to believe that the Bank's policy rate will remain the same over the next three months.
  • The Present Business Conditions Index reflected a lower level of optimism while the Future Business Conditions Index held relatively the same level of optimism compared to the previous survey.

Page 1

Inflation Expectations Survey

Figure 3: Perception of Inflation Control

How satisfied are you with the way inflation is being controlled by the Government?1

Very Satisfied

Satisfied

Neither

Dissatisfied

Very Dissatisfied

Inflation Control Index (RHS)

percent

100%

30.435.78.4

33.532.012.2

29.639.74.2

18.541.5 3.0

18.143.32.4

16.637.23.3

19.334.1 2.6

15.843.23.2

15.12.537.4

18.743.0 2.6

13.639.2 1.3

24.239.64.0

22.039.83.6

19.435.0 3.0

19.437.3 3.2

17.239.24.5

19.940.22.8

140

Index

90%

120

80%

70%

100

60%

80

50%

.

40%

60

30%

39.2

40.0

40.3

42.9

40

24.0

19.4

23.7

34.7

34.5

35.0

34.4

30.4

32.2

38.4

36.6

35.0

33.9

10%

20%

20

0%

0

*December 2005 = 100

Table 1: Exchange Rate Expectations

In June 2020 the exchange rate was J$145.62=US$1.00. What do you think the rate will be for the following time periods ahead, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months?

OVERALL SURVEY

Periods

Expected Depreciation/Appreciation

Ahead

Mar-20

May-20June-20

July-20

3-Months

0.7

4.7

-0.5

1.6

6-Months

1.7

5.9

0.1

2.6

12-Months

0.5

5.1

0.4

3.0

Figure 4: 90-dayT-bill

In June 2020 the 90-dayT-bill rate was 1.30 per cent. What do you think the rate will be for the next 3 months?

Intrate)

10

Actual Int.rate (3 mth T-bill)

Exp(All)

Exp(Fin)

Exp

9

8

&

7

Actual(

6

Response%

5

1.28 1.53 1.45

1.28

1.44 1.42

2

4

3

1

0

Jun 2020

Jul 2020

1 Index of inflation control calculated as the number of satisfied

respondents minus the number of dissatisfied respondents plus 100

Perception of Inflation Control

Businesses' perception of the authorities' control of inflation fell slightly in the July 2020 survey (see Figure 3). This was largely due to a decline in the proportion of respondents who were "satisfied". Additionally, there was an increase in the proportion of respondents who were "dissatisfied" with how inflation was being controlled.

Exchange Rate Expectations

Respondents anticipated depreciation over all time horizons. In the July 2020 survey, the exchange rate was anticipated to depreciate by

1.6 per cent, 2.6 per cent and 3.0 per cent for the 3-month, 6-month,and 12- month horizons, respectively. This represents a much faster pace of depreciation for the 3-month, 6-monthand 12-monthhorizons relative to the expected appreciation of 0.5 per cent and depreciation of 0.1 per cent and 0.4 per cent that were recorded for the 3-month, 6-monthand 12- month time horizons, respectively, in the June 2020 survey (see Table 1).

Interest Rate Expectations: 90-dayT-bill

Survey respondents expected the 90-day Treasury bill rate, three months hence, to be 1.4 per cent. This expected rate is higher than the actual July 2020 outturn of 1.3 per cent (see Figure 4). Financial sector respondents had also expected the 90-day Treasury bill rate, three months hence, to be 1.4 per cent.

Prepared by the Sector Analysis Department

Page 2

July 2020 Survey

Inflation Expectations Survey

Table 2: Interest Rate Expectations: Policy Rate

In June 2020, the Bank of Jamaica's overnight rate (policy rate) was 0.50 per cent. What do you think this rate will be for the next 3 months?

OVERALL

FINANCIAL SECTOR

SURVEY DATES

May -20

Jun -20

Jul -20

May -20

Jun -20

Jul -20

Survey responses (percentage of total)

Significantly Lower

3.5

0.3

0.3

0.0

0.0

0.0

Marginally Lower

20.8

12.5

5.1

36.4

8.3

7.7

Remain the Same

41.5

49.3

53.2

40.9

50.0

57.7

Marginally Higher

19.0

27.9

25.3

18.2

37.5

23.1

Significantly Higher

2.8

1.2

2.2

0.0

0.0

3.8

Don't Know

12.3

8.9

13.9

4.5

0.0

0.0

Figure 5: Present Business Conditions

In general, do you think business conditions are better or worse than they were a year ago in Jamaica?

*Balanced score method: (better-worse) +100

Figure 6: Future Business Conditions

Do you think that in a year from now business conditions will get better or get worse than they are at present?

  • Balanced score method: (better-worse) +100

Interest Rate Expectations: Policy Rate

In the July 2020 survey, the majority of respondents expected that the Bank's policy rate would remain the same over the next three months. This proportion increased relative to the previous survey.

With regard to the financial sector, the majority of respondents expected that the Bank's policy rate would remain the same. Furthermore, responses from the financial sector revealed that 23.1 per cent of respondents expected the rate to be marginally higher. This represented a decrease relative to the June 2020 survey.

Perception of Present and Future Business Conditions

In the July 2020 survey, the Present Business Conditions Index decreased to 37.0 relative to 49.2 recorded in the previous survey. However, the Future Business Conditions Index remained broadly in line as the index fell marginally to 142.7 relative to 142.8 in the previous survey (see Figures 5 and 6).

The decline in the Present Business Conditions Index reflected an increase in the number of respondents of the view that conditions are "worse". The outturn for the Future Business Conditions Index mainly reflected a decline in the proportion of respondents who believe that conditions will be "better".

Prepared by the Sector Analysis Department

Page 3

July 2020 Survey

This is an excerpt of the original content. To continue reading it, access the original document here.

Disclaimer

Bank of Jamaica published this content on 18 September 2020 and is solely responsible for the information contained therein. Distributed by Public, unedited and unaltered, on 18 September 2020 21:39:07 UTC


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