The subsidies aim to support grain growers during the summer and autumn harvest and sowing period, to alleviate any impact of rising costs and to "further mobilise farmers' enthusiasm" for cultivating grain, the statement said.
The announcement comes at a time when China's farmers are grappling with high fertiliser prices, which have soared globally since last year.
The upcoming wheat harvest in China will be closely watched after heavy rain last fall left crops in a poor state before winter.
Beijing has refocused on grain security, a top policy priority that has become increasingly prominent since the COVID-19 pandemic began in early 2020 and even more so since the start of the war in grain-producing powerhouse Ukraine in late February.
($1 = 6.6921 Chinese yuan renminbi)
(Reporting by Martin Quin Pollard and Eve Wu;Editing by Elaine Hardcastle)