By Chong Koh Ping
China's yuan has rallied to its strongest levels in more than a year, as the country's economy continues to recover and investors grow less concerned about fresh U.S. tariffs.
On Monday, the currency traded at around 6.85 to the dollar in both the tightly controlled onshore market and freer offshore markets in Hong Kong and elsewhere, building on gains registered in the previous trading session.
"The clear outperformance by the Chinese economy versus the developed economies is favoring the yuan," said Mansoor Mohi-uddin, chief economist at the Bank of Singapore.
Surveys released Monday showed Chinese business activity continued to expand for a sixth straight month in August.
Prospects of a calmer relationship between the U.S. and China were also boosting the yuan, Mr. Mohi-uddin said. "The markets seem to be favoring a potential change in leadership in the U.S., and they are looking through the current tensions."
Last week senior U.S. and Chinese officials affirmed their commitment to the two countries' phase-one trade deal.
"In August, the market has gotten a lot more comfortable with the idea that neither the U.S. nor the Chinese side has the inclinations nor the appetite to walk back on the trade deal," said Sameer Goel, chief Asia macro strategist at Deutsche Bank.
Mr. Goel said the yuan was now in the middle of its two-year trading range against a basket of currencies. He said that meant Chinese policy makers were likely more comfortable letting the currency join a broader rally against the dollar, especially with less risk of the trade deal collapsing.
On Friday, the offshore yuan closed below 6.86 to the dollar for the first time since May 2019, according to Tullett Prebon data. As of Monday afternoon in Hong Kong, the onshore yuan had strengthened slightly further to about 6.849 per dollar, while the offshore yuan was at 6.848.
A widening gap between interest rates in the U.S. and higher rates available in China is also boosting the yuan, as investors seek higher-yielding assets. Foreign purchases of Chinese bonds hit a record in the second quarter.
The Federal Reserve's shift in how it sets interest rates indicates the U.S. central bank has a tolerance for policy easing, said Chi Lo, senior economist for greater China at BNP Paribas Asset Management, implying a weaker dollar.
But he said China has much less need for lower interest rates. That will support the yuan, Mr. Lo said, as will a likely recovery in annual economic growth to a range of 6 to 6.5% in 2021.
Iris Pang, chief economist for Greater China at ING Bank NV in Hong Kong, said a tumbling dollar in recent weeks had helped boost the yuan.
She said China's move on Friday to restrict artificial intelligence-related exports, in retaliation against U.S. pressure on Chinese technology companies, had fueled further gains in the currency on Monday.
"This shows that China has the room to fight back and there's some resilience in the economy to buffer this pressure," Ms. Pang said.
Write to Chong Koh Ping at email@example.com