Spot gold rose 0.2% to $1,842.87 per ounce by 12:13 a.m. ET (1713 GMT), its highest since Nov. 22. U.S. gold futures were unchanged at $1,842.60.
Silver rose 2.1% to $24.64.
The primary factor driving gold is inflation, which is boosting its appeal as a hedge against rising prices, said Daniel Pavilonis, senior market strategist at RJO Futures.
"The market looks like it wants to continue to move higher, and it's this self-fulfilling loop with more data coming out and showing that inflation is not transitory."
Data on Thursday showed the number of Americans filing new claims for unemployment benefits rose last week.
Reflecting investor appetite, holdings of the largest gold-backed exchange-traded fund, SPDR Gold Trust, jumped to their highest since mid-December. [GOL/ETF]
Growing geopolitical instability, notably Russia-Ukraine tensions, is also supporting gold, ActivTrades senior analyst Ricardo Evangelista said.
Russia has massed troops on its borders with Ukraine, and Western states fear Moscow is planning a new assault.
However, rising interest rates remained a potential headwind since that translates into higher opportunity cost of holding non-yielding bullion. The U.S. Federal Reserve could tighten monetary policy faster than thought when it meets next week, a Reuters poll showed.
Platinum rose 2.6% to $1,048.60 and palladium gained 3.4% to $2,068.85 per ounce, both having hit their highest in about two months. Palladium rallied over 7% on Wednesday, while platinum jumped 5%.
The rally could have been related to supply concerns due to the Russia-Ukraine tensions, Commerzbank said in a note, adding potential Western sanctions on key palladium producer Russia and an export ban on the metal vital for the automotive industry could lead to a severely under-supplied market.
(Reporting by Kavya Guduru in Bengaluru; Editing by Amy Caren Daniel and Shailesh Kuber)
By Kavya Guduru