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    ALCO   US0162301040


Delayed Nasdaq  -  05/27 04:00:01 pm EDT
41.17 USD   -2.05%
05/23ALICO, INC. : Change in Directors or Principal Officers, Financial Statements and Exhibits (form 8-K)
05/23Alico, Inc. Announces Executive Changes
05/23Alico, Inc. Announces Resignation of Richard Rallo as Senior Vice President
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ALICO, INC. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (form 10-Q)

05/09/2022 | 04:41pm EDT

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes thereto.

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Information

We provide forward-looking information in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, particularly in this Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"). Any statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements that express our intentions, beliefs, expectations, strategies, predictions or any other statements relating to our future activities or other future events or conditions. These statements are based on our current expectations, estimates and projections about our business based, in part, on assumptions made by our management and can be identified by terms such as "plans," "expect," "may," "anticipate," "intend," "should be," "will be" "is likely to," "believes," and similar expressions referring to future periods. Alico believes the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable but cannot guarantee future results, level of activity, performance or achievements. Actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements. Therefore, Alico cautions you against relying on any of these forward-looking statements. Factors which may cause future outcomes to differ materially from those foreseen in forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: changes in laws, regulation and rules, including tax laws and tax rates; climate change; weather conditions that affect production, transportation, storage, demand, import and export of fresh product and their by-products, such as the freeze in the last week of January 2022; increased pressure from diseases including citrus greening and citrus canker, as well as insects and other pests; disruption of water supplies or changes in water allocations; market pricing of citrus; pricing and supply of raw materials and products; market responses to industry volume pressures; pricing and supply of energy; changes in interest rates; availability of refinancing; availability of financing for land development activities and other growth and corporate opportunities; onetime events; acquisitions and divestitures; ability to make strategic acquisitions or divestitures; ability to redeploy proceeds from divestitures; ability to consummate selected land acquisitions; ability to take advantage of tax deferral options; seasonality; labor disruptions; inability to pay debt obligations; inability to engage in certain transactions due to restrictive covenants in debt instruments; government restrictions on land use; changes in agricultural land values; impact of the COVID-19 outbreak and coronavirus pandemic on our agriculture operations, including without limitation demand for product, supply chain, health and availability of our labor force, the labor force of contractors we engage, and the labor force of our competitors; other risks related to the duration and severity of the COVID-19 outbreak and coronavirus pandemic and its impact on Alico's business; the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak and coronavirus pandemic on the U.S. and global economies and financial markets, including without limitation related legislative and regulatory initiatives; access to governmental loans and incentives; any reduction in the public float resulting from repurchases of common stock by Alico; changes in equity awards to employees; whether the Company's dividend policy, including its recent increased dividend amounts, is continued; expressed desire of certain of our stockholders to liquidate their shareholdings by virtue of past market sales of common stock, by sales of common stock or by way of future transactions designed to consummate such expressed desire; political changes and economic crises; ability to implement ESG initiatives; competitive actions by other companies; increased competition from international companies; changes in environmental regulations and their impact on farming practices; the land ownership policies of governments; changes in government farm programs and policies and international reaction to such programs; changes in pricing calculations with our customers; fluctuations in the value of the U.S. dollar, interest rates, inflation and deflation rates; length of terms of contracts with customers; impact of concentration of sales to one customer; and changes in and effects of crop insurance programs, global trade agreements, trade restrictions and tariffs; and soil conditions, harvest yields, prices for commodities, and crop production expenses. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in the forward-looking statements due to numerous factors, including those Risks Factors described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2021, and our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q.



Business Overview

Business Description

Alico, Inc., together with its subsidiaries (collectively, "Alico", the "Company", "we", "us" or "our") generates operating revenues primarily from the sale of its citrus products, providing services to citrus groves owned by third parties, and grazing and hunting leasing. The Company operates as two business segments, and all its operating revenues are generated in the United States. For the three and six months ended March 31, 2022, the Company generated operating revenues of approximately $49,641,000 and $64,978,000, respectively, income from operations of approximately $1,461,000 and $688,000, respectively, and net income attributable to common stockholders of approximately $20,702,000 and $30,833,000, respectively. Net cash provided by operating activities was approximately $8,798,000 for the six months ended March 31, 2022.

Business Segments

Operating segments are defined in the criteria established under the Financial Accounting Standards Board - Accounting Standards Codification ("FASB ASC") Topic 280 as components of public entities that engage in business activities from which they may earn revenues and incur expenses for which separate financial information is available and which is evaluated regularly by the Company's chief operating decision maker ("CODM") in deciding how to assess performance and allocate resources. The Company's CODM assesses performance and allocates resources based on its operating segments.

The Company has two segments as follows:

    •   Alico Citrus includes activities related to planting, owning, cultivating
        and/or managing citrus groves to produce fruit for sale to fresh and
        processed citrus markets, including activities related to the purchase and
        resale of fruit and value-added services, which include contracting for
        the harvesting, marketing and hauling of citrus; and

    •   Land Management and Other Operations includes activities related to native
        plant sales, grazing and hunting leasing, management and/or conservation
        of unimproved native pastureland and activities related to rock mining
        royalties and other insignificant lines of business. Also included are
        activities related to owning and/or leasing improved farmland. Improved
        farmland is acreage that has been converted, or is permitted to be
        converted, from native pasture and which may have various improvements
        including irrigation, drainage and roads.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The discussion and analysis of the Company's financial condition and results of operations is based upon its unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires it to make certain estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. Alico bases these estimates on historical experience, available current market information and on various other assumptions that management believes are reasonable under the circumstances. Additionally, the Company evaluates the results of these estimates on an on-going basis. Management's estimates form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

See Note 1. "Description of Business and Basis of Presentation" to the condensed consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of Part I of this Form 10-Q for a detailed description of recent accounting pronouncements. There have been no material changes to the Company's critical accounting policies and estimates from those reflected in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2021, as filed with the SEC on December 7, 2021.

The COVID-19 Pandemic

On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the current novel coronavirus outbreak ("COVID-19") to be a global pandemic. In response to this declaration and the rapid spread of COVID-19 within the United States, federal, state and local governments throughout the country have imposed varying degrees of restrictions on social and commercial activity to



promote social distancing in an effort to slow the spread of the illness. These measures have had a significant adverse impact upon many sectors of the economy, including certain agriculture businesses.

Since the commencement of COVID-19 in March 2020, the Company took steps to allow and encourage greater social distancing for both our employed and our contracted field workers and has worked with its harvesters, haulers, and suppliers to minimize close interactions.

To date, the Company has experienced no material adverse impacts from this pandemic.

Recent Developments

Employment and Bonus Agreement

On April 1, 2022, the Company entered into an amended and restated employment agreement with John E. Kiernan (the "Employment Agreement"). At the same time, the Company and Mr. Kiernan entered into an annual performance and long-term bonus agreement (the "Bonus Agreement"). Pursuant to the Employment Agreement, Mr. Kiernan will remain President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company, for a term commencing on April 1, 2022, and ending on September 30, 2024, subject to extension and termination pursuant to the provisions of the Employment Agreement. The Bonus Agreement sets forth the terms under which Mr. Kiernan would be eligible and entitled to short-term and long-term incentive cash and equity bonuses. For further details of this Employment and Bonus Agreement, please see the Form 8-K filed by the Company on April 5, 2022.

Sale and Purchase of Land

On March 15, 2022, the Company sold approximately 6,286 acres of Alico ranch to third parties at an average sales price of $4,500 per acre, realizing approximately $28,288,000 of gross proceeds.

On December 3, 2021, the State of Florida purchased, under the Florida Forever program, approximately 1,638 acres of the Alico ranch for approximately $5,675,000 pursuant to an option agreement entered into between the State of Florida and the Company on September 21, 2021. The acres were intentionally sold at a price below market value, which resulted in a charitable contribution and related charitable deduction for tax purposes. As a result of this charitable contribution, the Company generated a tax benefit.

Federal Relief Program

The Company was eligible for Hurricane Irma federal relief programs for block grants that were being administered through the State of Florida. During the fiscal years ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, the Company received approximately $4,299,000 and $4,629,000, respectively, under the Florida Citrus Recovery Block Grant ("CRBG") program. The remaining portion of the funds that the Company anticipates receiving under the Florida CRBG program relates to certain crop insurance expenses incurred by the Company and is estimated to be approximately $2,250,000 in the aggregate. For the six months ended March 31, 2022, the Company received a portion of this crop insurance expense reimbursement in an amount equal to approximately $1,123,000 and anticipates receiving the remaining portion in fiscal year 2023. These federal relief proceeds are included as a reduction to operating expenses in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Freeze Event

In the last week of January 2022, certain areas where the Company's citrus trees are located experienced below freezing conditions that had a material adverse effect on the yield of this season's Valencia crop. Although the Company's Valencia harvest will be smaller this season as a result of this freeze event, the Company believes there should not be long-term measurable damage to its citrus trees.



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