ARBOR REALTY TRUST, INC.

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DBRS Morningstar Finalizes Provisional Ratings on Arbor Realty Commercial Real Estate Notes 2022-FL2, LLC

05/27/2022 | 08:14am EDT

DBRS, Inc. (DBRS Morningstar) finalized its provisional ratings on the following classes of notes issued by Arbor Realty Commercial Real Estate Notes 2022-FL2, LLC (ARCREN 2022-FL2).

Class A at AAA (sf)

Class A-S at AAA (sf)

Class B at AA (low)(sf)

Class C at A (low)(sf)

Class D at BBB (sf)

Class E at BBB (low)(sf)

Class F at BB (low)(sf)

Class G at B (low)(sf)

All trends are Stable.

DBRS Morningstar discontinued and withdrew its ratings on the Class A-TS and Class A-CS certificates initially contemplated in the offering documents, as they were removed from the transaction.

The initial collateral consists of 32 floating-rate mortgage loans and senior participations secured by 40 mostly transitional properties, with an initial cut-off date balance totaling approximately $936.9 million. In addition, there are $40.0 million of noninterest accruing reserves contributed to the trust, bringing the total reference date portfolio balance to $976.9 million. Each collateral interest is secured by a mortgage on a multifamily property or a portfolio of multifamily properties. The transaction is a managed vehicle that includes a 180-day ramp-up acquisition period and a 30-month reinvestment period. The ramp-up acquisition period will be used to increase the trust balance to a total target collateral principal balance of $1.05 billion. DBRS Morningstar assessed the ramp component using a relatively conservative pool construct, although the ramp loans have expected losses that are generally in line with the expected loss levels exhibited by other loans in the pool. During the reinvestment period, as long as the note protection tests are satisfied and no event of default has occurred and is continuing, the collateral manager may direct the reinvestment of principal proceeds to acquire reinvestment collateral interest, including funded companion participations, meeting the eligibility criteria. The eligibility criteria, among other things, have minimum debt service coverage ratio (DSCR), loan-to-value ratio (LTV), and loan size limitations. In addition, mortgages exclusively secured by multifamily properties and student housing properties (up to 5.0% of the total pool balance) are allowed as reinvestment collateral interests. Lastly, the eligibility criteria stipulate a rating agency confirmation on ramp loans, reinvestment loans, and pari passu participation acquisitions above $500,000 if a portion of the underlying loan is already included in the pool, thereby allowing DBRS Morningstar the ability to review the new collateral interest and any potential impact on the overall ratings. The transaction will have a sequential-pay structure.

For the floating-rate loans, DBRS Morningstar used the lower of a DBRS Morningstar stressed rate that corresponded to the remaining fully extended term of the loan or the strike price of the interest rate cap with the respective contractual loan spread added to determine a stressed interest rate over the loan term. When the cut-off balances were measured against the DBRS Morningstar As-Is Net Cash Flow, 21 loans, representing 69.7% of the reference date portfolio balance, had a DBRS Morningstar As-Is DSCR of 1.00 times or below, a threshold indicative of elevated default risk. The properties are often transitional with potential upside in cash flow; however, DBRS Morningstar does not typically give full credit to the stabilization if there are no holdbacks, reserves, or future funding, or if other loan structural features in place are insufficient to support such treatment. Furthermore, even with the structure provided, DBRS Morningstar generally does not assume the assets will stabilize at above-market levels.

The sponsor for the transaction, Arbor Realty SR, Inc., is a majority-owned subsidiary of Arbor Realty Trust, Inc. (Arbor; NYSE: ABR) and an experienced commercial real estate (CRE) collateralized loan obligation (CLO) issuer and collateral manager. The ARCREN 2022-FL2 transaction will be Arbor's 19th post-crisis CRE CLO securitization, including four securitizations in 2021 and one previously in 2022. In total, Arbor has been an issuer and manager of 18 CRE CLO securitizations totaling more than $10 billion. Additionally, Arbor will purchase and retain 100.0% of the Class F Notes, the Class G Notes, and the Income Notes, which total approximately $177.2 million.

The transaction's initial collateral composition consists entirely of multifamily properties, which benefit from staggered lease rollover and generally low expense ratios compared with other property types. While revenue is quick to decline in a downturn because of the short-term nature of the leases, it is also quick to respond when the market improves. The subject pool includes garden-style communities and mid-/high-rise buildings. After closing, as part of the ramp-up and reinvestment period, the collateral manager may acquire loans secured by multifamily properties and student housing properties as long as student housing properties represent less than 5.0% of the total pool. The prior ARCREN 2022-FL1 transaction allowed the collateral manager to additionally acquire only multifamily properties.

Twenty-eight loans, representing 85.5% of the reference date portfolio balance, represent acquisition financing. Acquisition financing generally requires the respective sponsor(s) to contribute material cash equity as a source of funding in conjunction with the mortgage loan, which results in a higher sponsor cost basis in the underlying collateral and aligns the financial interests of both the sponsor and lender.

The initial collateral pool is diversified across 16 states, including Washington, D.C., and no state makes up more than 25.5% of the reference date portfolio balance. Additionally, the Herfindahl index of 29.2 is relatively high given the loan count of 32. Five loans, representing 16.7% of the reference date portfolio balance, are portfolio loans that benefit from multiple property pooling. Mortgages backed by cross-collateralized cash flow streams from multiple properties typically exhibit lower cash flow volatility.

The DBRS Morningstar Business Plan Score (BPS) for the loans DBRS Morningstar analyzed ranged between 1.4 and 3.2, with an average of 2.0. A higher DBRS Morningstar BPS indicates more execution risk in the sponsor's business plan. DBRS Morningstar considers the anticipated lift at the property from current performance, planned property improvements, sponsor experience, projected time horizon, and overall complexity of the business plan. Compared with past Arbor transactions, the subject has a low average DBRS Morningstar BPS, which is indicative of lower risk.

The loan collateral was generally found to be in good physical condition as evidenced by one loan, 30 Morningside Drive, making up 3.7% of the reference date portfolio balance, and secured by a property that DBRS Morningstar deemed to be Excellent in quality. An additional four loans, The Julian, Generations, 55 Jordan, and Casa Del Encanto & Casa Luna, are secured by properties with Average + property quality and total approximately 23.9% of the reference date portfolio balance.

A relatively high concentration of the loan collateral is located in metropolitan statistical area (MSA) Group 3, which generally exhibits lower levels of default and losses. Specifically, there were seven loans, totaling 22.6% of the reference date portfolio balance, whose collateral was located in MSA Group 3.

DBRS Morningstar analyzed five loans, representing 11.1% of the reference data portfolio balance, with Weak or Bad (Litigious) sponsorship strengths. These loans include Summerlyn & Crescent Oaks, Miramar, San Remo, Catalina, and Stardust. DBRS Morningstar applied a probability of default (POD) penalty to loans analyzed with Weak sponsorship strength.

The transaction is managed and includes both a ramp-up and reinvestment period, which could result in negative credit migration and/or an increased concentration profile over the life of the transaction. The deal's initial collateral composition is 100.0% multifamily. During the ramp-up period, only loans secured by multifamily properties can be added. Future loans cannot be secured by office, hospitality, industrial, retail, or healthcare facilities. The risk of negative credit migration is also partially offset by eligibility criteria that outline DSCR, LTV, property type, and loan size limitations for ramp and reinvestment assets. Before ramp loans, reinvestment loans, and companion participations above $500,000 can be acquired by the Collateral Manager, a No Downgrade Confirmation is required from DBRS Morningstar. DBRS Morningstar accounted for the uncertainty introduced by the 180-day ramp-up period by running a ramp scenario that simulates the potential negative credit migration in the transaction based on the eligibility criteria.

DBRS Morningstar has analyzed the loans to a stabilized cash flow that is, in some instances, above the in-place cash flow. It is possible that the sponsors will not successfully execute their business plans and that the higher stabilized cash flow will not materialize during the loan term, particularly with the ongoing coronavirus pandemic and its impact on the overall economy. A sponsor's failure to execute the business plan could result in a term default or the inability to refinance the fully funded loan balance. DBRS Morningstar made relatively conservative stabilization assumptions and, in each instance, considered the business plan to be rational and the loan structure to be sufficient to execute such plans. In addition, DBRS Morningstar analyzed loss severity given default (LGD) based on the DBRS Morningstar As-Is LTV, assuming the loan was fully funded.

All loans in the pool have floating interest rates and are interest only during the initial loan term, as well as during all extension terms, creating interest rate risk and a lacks of principal amortization. DBRS Morningstar stresses interest rates based on the loan terms and applicable floors or caps. The DBRS Morningstar-adjusted DSCR is a model input and drives loan-level PODs and LGDs. All loans have extension options, and to qualify for these options, the loans must meet minimum DSCR and LTV requirements.

ESG CONSIDERATIONS

A description of how DBRS Morningstar considers ESG factors within the DBRS Morningstar analytical framework can be found in the DBRS Morningstar Criteria: Approach to Environmental, Social, and Governance Risk Factors in Credit Ratings at https://www.dbrsmorningstar.com/research/373262.

All ratings are subject to surveillance, which could result in ratings being upgraded, downgraded, placed under review, confirmed, or discontinued by DBRS Morningstar.

The DBRS Morningstar Viewpoint platform provides additional information on this transaction and underlying loans including DBRS Morningstar metrics, commentary, servicer-reported cash flows, and other performance-related data.

For complimentary access to this content, please register for the DBRS Viewpoint platform at www.viewpoint.dbrsmorningstar.com. The platform includes issuer and servicer data for most outstanding CMBS transactions (including non-DBRS Morningstar rated), as well as loan-level and transaction-level commentary for most DBRS Morningstar-rated and -monitored transactions.

Notes:

All figures are in U.S. dollars unless otherwise noted.

With regard to due diligence services, DBRS Morningstar was provided with the Form ABS Due Diligence-15E (Form-15E), which contains a description of the information that a third party reviewed in conducting the due diligence services and a summary of the findings and conclusions. While due diligence services outlined in Form-15E do not constitute part of DBRS Morningstar's methodology, DBRS Morningstar used the data file outlined in the independent accountant's report in its analysis to determine the ratings referenced herein.

The principal methodology is North American CMBS Multi-Borrower Rating Methodology (March 26, 2021), which can be found on dbrsmorningstar.com under Methodologies & Criteria. For a list of the structured-finance-related methodologies that may be used during the rating process, please see the DBRS Morningstar Global Structured Finance Related Methodologies document, which can be found on dbrsmorningstar.com in the Commentary tab under Regulatory Affairs. Please note that not every related methodology listed under a principal structured finance asset class methodology may be used to rate or monitor an individual structured finance or debt obligation.

The DBRS Morningstar Sovereign group releases baseline macroeconomic scenarios for rated sovereigns. DBRS Morningstar analysis considered impacts consistent with the baseline scenarios as set forth in the following report: https://www.dbrsmorningstar.com/research/384482.

The rated entity or its related entities did participate in the rating process for this rating action. DBRS Morningstar had access to the accounts and other relevant internal documents of the rated entity or its related entities in connection with this rating action.

For more information on this credit or on this industry, visit www.dbrsmorningstar.com or contact us at info@dbrsmorningstar.com.

DBRS, Inc.

140 Broadway, 43rd Floor

New York, NY 10005 USA

Tel. +1 212 806-3277

Ratings

Date Issued	Debt Rated	Action	Rating	Trend	Attributesi

US = Lead Analyst based in USA

CA = Lead Analyst based in Canada

EU = Lead Analyst based in EU

UK = Lead Analyst based in UK

E = EU endorsed

U = UK endorsed

Unsolicited Participating With Access

Unsolicited Participating Without Access

Unsolicited Non-participating

26-May-22	Class A Notes	Provis.-Final	AAA (sf)	Stb	US
26-May-22	Class A-S Notes	Provis.-Final	AAA (sf)	Stb	US
26-May-22	Class B Notes	Provis.-Final	AA (low) (sf)	Stb	US
26-May-22	Class C Notes	Provis.-Final	A (low) (sf)	Stb	US
26-May-22	Class D Notes	Provis.-Final	BBB (sf)	Stb	US
26-May-22	Class E Notes	Provis.-Final	BBB (low) (sf)	Stb	US
26-May-22	Class F Notes	Provis.-Final	BB (low) (sf)	Stb	US
26-May-22	Class G Notes	Provis.-Final	B (low) (sf)	Stb	US
26-May-22	Class A-CS Notes	Disc.-W/drwn	Discontinued	--	US
26-May-22	Class A-TS Notes	Disc.-W/drwn	Discontinued	--	US

(C) 2022 Electronic News Publishing, source ENP Newswire

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Ivan Kaufman Chairman, President & Chief Executive Officer
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