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BALL CORPORATION

(BALL)
  Report
Delayed Nyse  -  04:00 2022-09-23 pm EDT
49.14 USD   -0.18%
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Ball : Quarterly Report for Quarter Ending June 30, 2022 (Form 10-Q)

08/04/2022 | 06:09pm EDT

Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended June 30, 2022

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission file number 001-07349

BALL CORPORATION

State of Indiana

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or
organization)

35-0160610

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

9200 West 108th Circle

Westminster, CO

(Address of registrant's principal executive office)

80021

(Zip Code)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code:303/469-3131

Securities registered pursuant to section 12(b) of the Act:

Class

Trading Symbol

Name of Exchange

Outstanding at July 31, 2022

Common Stock, without par value

BALL

NYSE

314,307,448 shares

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

Table of Contents

Ball Corporation

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

For the period ended June 30, 2022

INDEX

Page
Number

PART I.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

1

Item 1.

Financial Statements

1

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings (Loss) for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021

1

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Earnings (Loss) for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021

2

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at June 30, 2022, and December 31, 2021

3

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021

4

Notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

5

Note 1, Basis of Presentation

5

Note 2, Accounting Pronouncements

6

Note 3, Business Segment Information

7

Note 4, Acquisitions and Dispositions

8

Note 5, Revenue from Contracts with Customers

9

Note 6, Business Consolidation and Other Activities

10

Note 7, Supplemental Cash Flow Statement Disclosures

12

Note 8, Receivables, Net

12

Note 9, Inventories, Net

13

Note 10, Property, Plant and Equipment, Net

13

Note 11, Goodwill

13

Note 12, Intangible Assets, Net

14

Note 13, Other Assets

14

Note 14, Leases

14

Note 15, Debt

15

Note 16, Taxes on Income

16

Note 17, Employee Benefit Obligations

16

Note 18, Equity and Accumulated Other Comprehensive Earnings (Loss)

17

Note 19, Earnings (Loss) and Dividends Per Share

19

Note 20, Financial Instruments and Risk Management

20

Note 21, Contingencies

24

Note 22, Indemnifications and Guarantees

26

Item 2.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

27

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

37

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

37

PART II.

OTHER INFORMATION

38

Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

BALL CORPORATION

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS (LOSS)

Three Months Ended June 30,

Six Months Ended June 30,

($ in millions, except per share amounts)

2022

2021

2022

2021

Net sales

$

4,134

$

3,459

$

7,850

$

6,584

Costs and expenses

Cost of sales (excluding depreciation and amortization)

(3,445)

(2,760)

(6,461)

(5,253)

Depreciation and amortization

(168)

(172)

(353)

(340)

Selling, general and administrative

(161)

(166)

(347)

(323)

Business consolidation and other activities

(467)

12

(186)

5

(4,241)

(3,086)

(7,347)

(5,911)

Earnings (loss) before interest and taxes

(107)

373

503

673

Interest expense

(68)

(66)

(137)

(133)

Debt refinancing and other costs

(2)

-

(2)

-

Total interest expense

(70)

(66)

(139)

(133)

Earnings (loss) before taxes

(177)

307

364

540

Tax (provision) benefit

(1)

(116)

(101)

(148)

Equity in results of affiliates, net of tax

13

11

19

10

Net earnings (loss)

(165)

202

282

402

Net earnings (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests

(9)

-

(10)

-

Net earnings (loss) attributable to Ball Corporation

$

(174)

$

202

$

272

$

402

Earnings (loss) per share:

Basic

$

(0.55)

$

0.62

$

0.85

$

1.23

Diluted

$

(0.55)

$

0.61

$

0.84

$

1.20

Weighted average shares outstanding:(000s)

Basic

317,006

327,625

318,944

327,718

Diluted

317,006

333,378

323,316

333,615

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

1

Table of Contents

BALL CORPORATION

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE EARNINGS (LOSS)

Three Months Ended June 30,

Six Months Ended June 30,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

2022

2021

Net earnings (loss)

$

(165)

$

202

$

282

$

402

Other comprehensive earnings (loss):

Currency translation adjustment

346

48

254

36

Pension and other postretirement benefits

(6)

8

2

49

Derivatives designated as hedges

(86)

60

(19)

106

Total other comprehensive earnings (loss)

254

116

237

191

Income tax (provision) benefit

11

(16)

(1)

(34)

Total other comprehensive earnings (loss), net of tax

265

100

236

157

Total comprehensive earnings (loss)

100

302

518

559

Comprehensive (earnings) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

(9)

-

(10)

-

Comprehensive earnings (loss) attributable to Ball Corporation

$

91

$

302

$

508

$

559

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

2

Table of Contents

BALL CORPORATION

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

June 30,

December 31,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

Assets

Current assets

Cash and cash equivalents

$

480

$

563

Receivables, net

3,139

2,560

Inventories, net

2,473

1,795

Other current assets

401

305

Total current assets

6,493

5,223

Noncurrent assets

Property, plant and equipment, net

6,629

6,502

Goodwill

4,350

4,378

Intangible assets, net

1,474

1,688

Other assets

1,980

1,923

Total assets

$

20,926

$

19,714

Liabilities and Equity

Current liabilities

Short-term debt and current portion of long-term debt

$

251

$

15

Accounts payable

4,991

4,759

Accrued employee costs

273

349

Other current liabilities

968

830

Total current liabilities

6,483

5,953

Noncurrent liabilities

Long-term debt

8,847

7,722

Employee benefit obligations

973

1,205

Deferred taxes

601

665

Other liabilities

489

484

Total liabilities

17,393

16,029

Equity

Common stock (681,865,591 shares issued - 2022; 680,944,867 shares issued - 2021)

1,232

1,220

Retained earnings

6,987

6,843

Accumulated other comprehensive earnings (loss)

(346)

(582)

Treasury stock, at cost (367,399,061 shares - 2022; 360,101,024 shares - 2021)

(4,408)

(3,854)

Total Ball Corporation shareholders' equity

3,465

3,627

Noncontrolling interests

68

58

Total equity

3,533

3,685

Total liabilities and equity

$

20,926

$

19,714

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3

Table of Contents

BALL CORPORATION

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

Six Months Ended June 30,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

Net earnings (loss)

$

282

$

402

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings (loss) to cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

Depreciation and amortization

353

340

Business consolidation and other activities

186

(5)

Deferred tax provision (benefit)

(32)

73

Other, net

(204)

(146)

Changes in working capital components, net of dispositions

(983)

(496)

Cash provided by (used in) operating activities

(398)

168

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

Capital expenditures

(819)

(757)

Business dispositions, net of cash sold

298

1

Other, net

25

20

Cash provided by (used in) investing activities

(496)

(736)

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

Long-term borrowings

3,216

-

Repayments of long-term borrowings

(1,895)

(14)

Net change in short-term borrowings

220

19

Proceeds (payments) from issuances of common stock, net of shares used for taxes

12

18

Acquisitions of treasury stock

(578)

(146)

Common stock dividends

(128)

(99)

Other, net

(13)

-

Cash provided by (used in) financing activities

834

(222)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

(13)

(5)

Change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

(73)

(795)

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash - beginning of period

579

1,381

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash - end of period

$

506

$

586

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

4

Table of Contents

1. Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements (consolidated financial statements) include the accounts of Ball Corporation and its controlled affiliates, including its consolidated variable interest entities (collectively Ball, the company, we or our), and have been prepared by the company. Certain information and footnote disclosures, including critical and significant accounting policies normally included in consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, have been condensed or omitted for this quarterly presentation.

Results of operations for the periods shown are not necessarily indicative of results for the year, particularly in view of the seasonality in the packaging segments and the variability of contract sales in the company's aerospace segment. These consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in the company's 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on February 16, 2022, pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021 (annual report).

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP) requires Ball's management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and reported amounts of sales and expenses during the reporting periods. These estimates are based on historical experience and various assumptions believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Ball's management evaluates these estimates on an ongoing basis and adjusts or revises the estimates as circumstances change. As future events and their impacts cannot be determined with precision, actual results may differ from these estimates. In the opinion of management, the consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments that are of a normal recurring nature and are necessary to fairly state the results of the periods presented.

Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified in order to conform to the current year presentation.

Risks and Uncertainties

Russia

The current global business environment is being impacted directly and indirectly by the effects of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Ball has suspended future investments in Russia and is pursuing the sale of its aluminum beverage packaging business located in Russia. During the second quarter of 2022, Ball experienced deteriorating conditions and determined this constituted a triggering event for its Russian long-lived asset group. As a result, Ball performed a Level 3 expected cash flow recoverability analysis, using an income valuation approach with various scenarios, including a near term sale of the business, to estimate the fair value of the long-lived assets, and recorded an impairment loss of $435 million. This non-cash charge has been presented in business consolidation and other activities in the company's unaudited condensed consolidated statements of earnings (loss). See Note 4for additional discussion. As of June 30, 2022, Ball's Russian aluminum packaging business does not meet the requirements for held for sale presentation in Ball's consolidated financial statements.

The ongoing conflict continues to have the potential to increase Ball's vulnerabilities to near-term, severe impacts related to its Russian business and facilities and it is not possible to accurately predict all future impacts of the invasion. The Russian government has made warnings to companies that cease operations during its invasion of Ukraine and the potential exists that Ball's operations in Russia could be negatively impacted. As such, Russia's invasion of Ukraine and the resulting effects have the potential to impact significant estimates used by Ball in the preparation of its consolidated financial statements, which could result in additional impairments.

5

Table of Contents

Ball's Russian business, which is presented in its beverage packaging, EMEA, reportable operating segment, represented approximately 4 percent of the company's total net sales and 8 percent of the company's total comparable operating earnings for the twelve months ended December 31, 2021. In addition, our plants in Russia accounted for approximately 5 percent of the company's 112.5 billion global beverage can unit shipments for the twelve months ended December 31, 2021. As of June 30, 2022, after the $435 million long-lived asset impairment charge, Ball's Russian business had net assets of $380 million, which consisted primarily of working capital and goodwill that will be allocated to the disposal group upon a future disposal. As of June 30, 2022, in addition to the $380 million of net assets, Ball also had cumulative currency translation gains of $180 million, presented in accumulated other comprehensive earnings (loss) on Ball's unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets, that will be subject to release upon a disposal of the Russian business. These values are subject to change based on the Russian ruble exchange rate.

Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

The current global business environment continues to be impacted directly and indirectly by the effects of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), and it is not possible to accurately estimate the impacts of COVID-19. However, Ball management has reviewed the estimates used in preparing the company's consolidated financial statements and the following have a reasonably possible likelihood of being affected, to a material extent, by the direct and indirect impacts of COVID-19 in the near term.

Estimates regarding the future financial performance of the business used in the impairment tests for goodwill, long-lived assets, equity method investments, recoverability of deferred tax assets and estimates regarding cash needs and associated indefinite reinvestment assertions;
Estimates of recoverability for customer receivables;
Estimates of net realizable value for inventory; and
Estimates regarding the likelihood of forecasted transactions associated with hedge accounting positions at June 30, 2022, which could impact the company's ability to satisfy hedge accounting requirements and result in the recognition of income and/or expenses.

In addition to the above potential impacts on the estimates used in preparing consolidated financial statements, COVID-19 has the potential to increase Ball's vulnerabilities to near-term severe impacts related to certain concentrations in its business. In line with other companies in the packaging and aerospace industries, Ball makes the majority of its sales and significant purchases to or from a relatively small number of global, or large regional, customers and suppliers. Furthermore, Ball makes the majority of its sales from a small number of product lines. The potential of COVID-19 to affect a significant customer or supplier, or to affect demand for certain products to a significant degree, heightens the vulnerability of Ball to these concentrations.

2. Accounting Pronouncements

New Accounting Guidance

Government Assistance Disclosure

In 2021, new guidance was issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) related to the disclosure of government assistance received. The company is currently assessing the impact that the adoption of this new guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements.

Reference Rate Reform

In 2020, new guidance was issued by the FASB related to global reference rates reform. The company is currently evaluating the impact that the transition from its London Inter-Bank Offered Rate (LIBOR) based interest rate agreements to Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR) based interest rate agreements will have on its consolidated financial statements. Based on our current understanding, the LIBOR to SOFR transition is not expected to have a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

6

Table of Contents

3. Business Segment Information

Ball's operations are organized and reviewed by management along its product lines and geographical areas and presented in the four reportable segments outlined below.

Beverage packaging, North and Central America: Consists of operations in the U.S., Canada and Mexico that manufacture and sell aluminum beverage containers throughout those countries.

Beverage packaging, EMEA: Consists of operations in numerous countries throughout Europe, including Russia, as well as Egypt and Turkey, that manufacture and sell aluminum beverage containers throughout those countries.

Beverage packaging, South America: Consists of operations in Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Chile that manufacture and sell aluminum beverage containers throughout most of South America.

Aerospace: Consists of operations that manufacture and sell aerospace and other related products and provide services used in the defense, civil space and commercial space industries.

As presented in the table below, Other consists of a non-reportable operating segment (beverage packaging, other) that manufactures and sells aluminum beverage containers in India, Saudi Arabia and throughout the Asia Pacific region; a non-reportable operating segment that manufactures and sells extruded aluminum aerosol containers and recloseable aluminum bottles across multiple consumer categories as well as aluminum slugs (aerosol packaging) throughout North America, South America, Europe, and Asia; a non-reportable operating segment that manufactures and sells aluminum cups (aluminum cups); undistributed corporate expenses; and intercompany eliminations and other business activities.

The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those used in the company's consolidated financial statements as discussed in Note 1. The company also has investments in operations in Guatemala, Panama, the U.S. and Vietnam that are accounted for under the equity method of accounting and, accordingly, those results are not included in segment sales or earnings. In 2021, Ball sold its minority-owned investment in South Korea. In the first quarter of 2022, Ball sold its remaining equity method investment in Ball Metalpack. Refer to Note 4for additional details on both transactions.

7

Table of Contents

Summary of Business by Segment

Three Months Ended June 30,

Six Months Ended June 30,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

2022

2021

Net sales

Beverage packaging, North and Central America

$

1,775

$

1,524

$

3,384

$

2,820

Beverage packaging, EMEA

1,133

906

2,075

1,702

Beverage packaging, South America

534

452

1,028

939

Aerospace

490

459

994

883

Reportable segment sales

3,932

3,341

7,481

6,344

Other

202

118

369

240

Net sales

$

4,134

$

3,459

$

7,850

$

6,584

Comparable operating earnings

Beverage packaging, North and Central America

$

164

$

193

$

338

$

333

Beverage packaging, EMEA

129

124

229

224

Beverage packaging, South America

52

78

130

171

Aerospace

36

34

79

69

Reportable segment comparable operating earnings

381

429

776

797

Reconciling items

Other (a)

11

(30)

(18)

(53)

Business consolidation and other activities

(467)

12

(186)

5

Amortization of acquired intangibles

(32)

(38)

(69)

(76)

Earnings (loss) before interest and taxes

(107)

373

503

673

Interest expense

(68)

(66)

(137)

(133)

Debt refinancing and other costs

(2)

-

(2)

-

Total interest expense

(70)

(66)

(139)

(133)

Earnings (loss) before taxes

$

(177)

$

307

$

364

$

540

(a) Includes undistributed corporate expenses, net, of $15 million and $28 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $48 million and $54 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

The company does not disclose total assets by segment as such information is not provided to the chief operating decision maker.

4. Acquisitions and Dispositions

Russia

In the first quarter of 2022, the company announced that it is pursuing the sale of its aluminum beverage packaging business located in Russia. Ball experienced deteriorating conditions and determined this constituted a triggering event for its Russian long-lived asset group. As a result, Ball performed an expected cash flow recoverability analysis, using an income valuation approach with various scenarios, including a near-term sale of the business, to estimate the fair value of the long-lived assets, and recorded an impairment loss of $435 million. This non-cash charge has been presented in business consolidation and other activities in the company's unaudited condensed consolidated statements of earnings (loss). As of June 30, 2022, Ball's Russian aluminum beverage packaging business does not meet the requirements for held for sale presentation in Ball's consolidated financial statements.

8

Table of Contents

Ball Metalpack Investment

During the first quarter of 2022, Ball sold its remaining 49 percent owned equity method investment in Ball Metalpack to Sonoco, a global provider of consumer, industrial, healthcare and protective packaging, for total consideration of approximately $298 million, all of which was received in cash in the first quarter of 2022. Ball's carrying value of the investment before the sale was zero; therefore, a gain from the sale of $298 million is reported in business consolidation and other activities in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of earnings (loss). Cash proceeds of $298 million related to the sale are presented in business dispositions, net of cash sold, in the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of cash flows.

Ball also received proceeds from Ball Metalpack for the repayment of an outstanding promissory note and accrued interest of approximately $16 million, which was recorded as a gain in business consolidation and other activities in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of earnings (loss).

South Korea Investment

In the third quarter of 2021, Ball sold its minority-owned investment in South Korea. Consideration for the transaction was cash of $120 million, of which $110 million has been received, and is presented in business dispositions in cash flows from investing activities in Ball's unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. The remaining $10 million will be received on or before December 31, 2022, and is presented in receivables, net on Ball's unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets. In the second quarter of 2021, the company recorded a loss of $5 million related to the disposal, which was presented in business consolidation and other activities in the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of earnings (loss).

5. Revenue from Contracts with Customers

The following table disaggregates the company's net sales based on the timing of transfer of control:

Three Months Ended June 30,

Six Months Ended June 30,

Years Ended June 30,

Point in Time

Over Time

Total

Point in Time

Over Time

Total

2022

$

705

$

3,429

$

4,134

$

1,306

$

6,544

$

7,850

2021

624

2,835

3,459

1,234

5,350

6,584

Contract Balances

The company did not have any contract assets at either June 30, 2022, or December 31, 2021. Unbilled receivables, which are not classified as contract assets, represent arrangements in which sales have been recorded prior to billing and right to payment is unconditional.

The opening and closing balances of the company's current and noncurrent contract liabilities are as follows:

Contract

Contract

Liabilities

Liabilities

($ in millions)

(Current)

(Noncurrent)

Balance at December 31, 2021

$

272

$

38

Increase (decrease)

(37)

(23)

Balance at June 30, 2022

$

235

$

15

During the six months ended June 30, 2022, total contract liabilities decreased by $60 million, which is net of cash received of $322 million and amounts recorded as sales of $382 million, the majority of which related to current contract liabilities. The amount of sales recorded in the six months ended June 30, 2022, which were included in the opening contract liabilities balances, was $272 million, all of which related to current contract liabilities. Current contract liabilities are classified within other current liabilities on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet and noncurrent contract liabilities are classified within other liabilities.

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The company also recorded a reduction in net sales of $4 million and additional net sales of $5 million in the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, respectively, and net sales of $4 million and $11 million in the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, from performance obligations satisfied (or partially satisfied) in prior periods. These sales amounts are the result of changes in the transaction price of the company's contracts with customers.

Transaction Price Allocated to Remaining Performance Obligations

The table below discloses: (1) the aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to performance obligations that are unsatisfied (or partially unsatisfied) as of the end of the reporting period for contracts with an original duration of greater than one year, and (2) when the company expects to record sales on these multi-year contracts.

($ in millions)

Next Twelve Months

Thereafter

Total

Sales expected to be recognized on multi-year contracts in place as of June 30, 2022

$

1,439

$

1,517

$

2,956

6. Business Consolidation and Other Activities

The following is a summary of business consolidation and other activity (charges)/income included in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of earnings (loss):

Three Months Ended June 30,

Six Months Ended June 30,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

2022

2021

Beverage packaging, North and Central America

$

(2)

$

(2)

$

(1)

$

(1)

Beverage packaging, EMEA

(438)

(1)

(439)

(3)

Beverage packaging, South America

(21)

21

(22)

20

Other

(6)

(6)

276

(11)

$

(467)

$

12

$

(186)

$

5

2022

Beverage Packaging, North and Central America

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, the company recorded charges of $2 million and $1 million, respectively, for individually insignificant activities.

Beverage Packaging, EMEA

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, the company recorded charges of $435 million associated with impairment losses on Russia's long-lived asset group. See Note 1for further details. Additional charges in the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, were $3 million and $4 million, respectively, for individually insignificant activities.

Beverage Packaging, South America

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, Ball recorded charges of $22 million related to an increased risk of not being able to fully collect amounts due from a regional customer in Brazil. See Note 21for further details. Additional charges in the three months ended June 30, 2022, were $1 million for individually insignificant activities.

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Other

During the three months ended June 30, 2022, the company recorded the following amounts:

Charges of $7million associated with the reduction of sales price due to customary closing adjustments related to the sale of Ball's remaining equity method investment in Ball Metalpack. See Note 4for further details.
Net gains of $4million associated with Ball's inability to hedge Russian ruble currency exposures.
Charges of $3million for individually insignificant activities.

During the six months ended June 30, 2022, the company recorded the following amounts:

A gain of $298million related to the sale of Ball's remaining equity method investment in Ball Metalpack. See Note 4for further details.
A charge related to a donation of $30million to The Ball Foundation, a non-profit philanthropic organization with efforts to build a better world.
A gain of $16million from Ball Metalpack's repayment of a loan which was formerly fully reserved.
Net charges of $5million associated with Ball's inability to hedge Russian ruble currency exposures.
Charges of $3million for individually insignificant activities.

2021

Beverage Packaging, North and Central America

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the company recorded net charges of $2 million and $1 million, respectively, for individually insignificant activities.

Beverage Packaging, EMEA

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the company recorded charges of $1 million and $3 million, respectively, for individually insignificant activities in connection with previously announced plant closures, restructuring and other activities.

Beverage Packaging, South America

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the company recorded a $22 million gain related to indirect tax gain contingencies in Brazil as these amounts became estimable and realizable. The company's Brazilian subsidiaries filed lawsuits in 2014 and 2015 to challenge the Brazilian tax authorities regarding the computation of certain indirect taxes, claiming amounts were overpaid to the tax authorities because the tax base included a "tax on tax" component. See Note 21 for further details. Additional charges in the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, were $1 million and $2 million, respectively, for individually insignificant activities.

Other

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the company recorded an impairment charge of $5 million related to the sale of its minority-owned investment in South Korea. See Note 4 for further details. Additional charges in the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, included $1 million and $6 million, respectively, for individually insignificant activities.

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7.

Supplemental Cash Flow Statement Disclosures

June 30,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

Beginning of period:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

563

$

1,366

Current restricted cash (included in other current assets)

16

15

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

$

579

$

1,381

End of period:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

480

$

571

Current restricted cash (included in other current assets)

26

15

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

$

506

$

586

The company's restricted cash is primarily related to receivables factoring programs and represents amounts collected from customers that have not yet been remitted to the banks as of the end of the reporting period.

Non-cash investing activities include the acquisition of property, plant and equipment (PP&E) for which payment has not been made. These non-cash capital expenditures are excluded from the statement of cash flows. A summary of the PP&E acquired but not yet paid for is as follows:

June 30,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

Beginning of period:

PP&E acquired but not yet paid

$

540

$

409

End of period:

PP&E acquired but not yet paid

$

565

$

565

8. Receivables, Net

June 30,

December 31,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

Trade accounts receivable

$

1,731

$

1,304

Unbilled receivables

831

727

Less: Allowance for doubtful accounts

(16)

(9)

Net trade accounts receivable

2,546

2,022

Other receivables

593

538

$

3,139

$

2,560

The company has entered into several regional committed and uncommitted accounts receivable factoring programs with various financial institutions for certain of its receivables. The programs are accounted for as true sales of the receivables, without recourse to Ball, and had combined limits of approximately $2.1 billion and $1.7 billion at June 30, 2022, and December 31, 2021. A total of $511 million and $308 million were available for sale under these programs as of June 30, 2022, and December 31, 2021, respectively.

Other receivables include income and sales tax receivables, aluminum scrap sale receivables and other miscellaneous receivables, including the remaining amount that relates to the sale of Ball's minority-owned investment in South Korea as detailed in Note 4.

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9. Inventories, Net

June 30,

December 31,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

Raw materials and supplies

$

1,553

$

1,064

Work-in-process and finished goods

1,016

821

Less: Inventory reserves

(96)

(90)

$

2,473

$

1,795

10.Property, Plant and Equipment, Net

June 30,

December 31,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

Land

$

185

$

167

Buildings

2,209

2,081

Machinery and equipment

7,177

6,876

Construction-in-progress

1,341

1,179

10,912

10,303

Accumulated depreciation

(4,283)

(3,801)

$

6,629

$

6,502

Depreciation expense amounted to $129 million and $127 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $269 million and $250 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

As discussed in Note 1, the deteriorating circumstances resulting from Russia's invasion of Ukraine resulted in a triggering event for the company's Russian long-lived asset group. In the second quarter of 2022, Ball recorded a non-cash impairment charge totaling $296 million related to property, plant and equipment associated with the company's Russian aluminum beverage packaging business.

11. Goodwill

($ in millions)

Beverage
Packaging,
North & Central
America


Beverage
Packaging,
EMEA


Beverage
Packaging,
South America


Aerospace

Other

Total

Balance at December 31, 2021

$

1,275

$

1,483

$

1,298

$

40

$

282

$

4,378

Effects of currency exchange

-

(21)

-

-

(7)

(28)

Balance at June 30, 2022

$

1,275

$

1,462

$

1,298

$

40

$

275

$

4,350

Goodwill in the above table is presented net of accumulated impairment losses of $61 million and $62 million as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.

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12. Intangible Assets, Net

June 30,

December 31,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

Acquired customer relationships and other intangibles (net of accumulated amortization and impairment losses of $1.1 billion at June 30, 2022, and $862 million at December 31, 2021)

$

1,381

$

1,593

Capitalized software (net of accumulated amortization of $198 million at June 30, 2022, and $187 million at December 31, 2021)

73

74

Other intangibles (net of accumulated amortization of $96 million at June 30, 2022, and $97 million at December 31, 2021)

20

21

$

1,474

$

1,688

Total amortization expense of intangible assets amounted to $39 million and $45 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $84 million and $90 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

As discussed in Note 1, the deteriorating circumstances resulting from Russia's invasion of Ukraine resulted in a triggering event for the company's Russian long-lived asset group. In the second quarter of 2022, Ball recorded a non-cash impairment charge totaling $131 million related to acquired customer relationships and other intangibles associated with the company's Russian aluminum beverage packaging business.

13. Other Assets

June 30,

December 31,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

Long-term pension assets

$

529

$

579

Right-of-use operating lease assets

440

420

Investments in affiliates

203

184

Long-term deferred tax assets

104

126

Other

704

614

$

1,980

$

1,923

Investments in affiliates primarily includes the company's 50 percent ownership interest in an entity in Guatemala, a 50 percent ownership interest in an entity in Panama, a 50 percent ownership interest in an entity in Vietnam and an ownership interest of 50 percent in an entity in the U.S.

As discussed in Note 1, the deteriorating circumstances resulting from Russia's invasion of Ukraine resulted in a triggering event for the company's Russian long-lived asset group. In the second quarter of 2022, Ball recorded a non-cash impairment charge totaling $8 million related to right-of-use operating lease assets associated with the company's Russian aluminum beverage packaging business.

In 2021, Ball sold its minority-owned investment in South Korea. In the first quarter of 2022, Ball sold its remaining equity method investment in Ball Metalpack for total consideration of $298 million. See Note 4for further details of both transactions.

14. Leases

The company enters into operating leases for buildings, warehouses, office equipment, production equipment, aircraft, land and other types of equipment. The company also enters into finance leases for certain plant equipment.

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Table of Contents

Supplemental balance sheet information related to the company's leases follows:

June 30,

December 31,

($ in millions)

Balance Sheet Location

2022

2021

Operating leases:

Operating lease ROU asset

Other assets

$

440

$

420

Current operating lease liabilities

Other current liabilities

90

80

Noncurrent operating lease liabilities

Other liabilities

363

340

Finance leases:

Finance lease ROU assets, net

Property, plant and equipment, net

12

14

Current finance lease liabilities

Short-term debt and current portion of long-term debt

2

2

Noncurrent finance lease liabilities

Long-term debt

11

12

As discussed in Note 1, the deteriorating circumstances resulting from Russia's invasion of Ukraine resulted in a triggering event for the company's Russian long-lived asset group. In the second quarter of 2022, Ball recorded a non-cash impairment charge totaling $8 million related to right-of-use operating lease assets associated with the company's Russian aluminum beverage packaging business.

15. Debt

Long-term debt consisted of the following:

June 30,

December 31,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

Senior Notes

4.00% due November 2023

$

1,000

$

1,000

4.375%, euro denominated, due December 2023

734

796

0.875%, euro denominated, due March 2024

786

853

5.25% due July 2025

1,000

1,000

4.875% due March 2026

750

750

1.50%, euro denominated, due March 2027

577

625

2.875% due August 2030

1,300

1,300

3.125% due September 2031

850

850

Senior Credit Facility (at variable rates)

Term A loan due March 2024 (1.35% - 2021)

-

593

U.S. dollar revolver due June 2027 (3.12% - 2022)

550

-

Term A loan due June 2027 (2.84% - 2022)

1,350

-

Finance lease obligations

13

14

Other (including debt issuance costs)

(45)

(56)

8,865

7,725

Less: Current portion

(18)

(3)

$

8,847

$

7,722

In the second quarter of 2022, the company completed the closing of its new revolving and term loan senior secured credit facilities that refinance its existing senior secured credit facilities entered into in 2019. The company's senior credit facilities include long-term multi-currency revolving facilities that mature in June 2027, which provide the company with up to the U.S. dollar equivalent of $1.75 billion. At June 30, 2022, taking into account outstanding letters of credit, $1.14 billion was available under the company's long-term, revolving credit facilities. In addition to these facilities, the company had approximately $1 billion of short-term uncommitted credit facilities available at June 30, 2022, of which $233 million was outstanding and due on demand. At December 31, 2021, the company had $12 million outstanding under short-term uncommitted credit facilities.

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The fair value of long-term debt was estimated to be $8.4 billion and $8 billion at June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. The fair value reflects the market rates at each period end for debt with credit ratings similar to the company's ratings and is classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy. Rates currently available to the company for loans with similar terms and maturities are used to estimate the fair value of long-term debt based on discounted cash flows.

The U.S. note agreements and bank credit agreement contain certain restrictions relating to dividend payments, share repurchases, investments, financial ratios, guarantees and the incurrence of additional indebtedness. The company's most restrictive debt covenant requires the company to maintain a leverage ratio (as defined) of no greater than 5.0 times as of June 30, 2022, which will change to 4.5 times as of September 30, 2025. The company was in compliance with all loan agreements and debt covenants at both June 30, 2022, and December 31, 2021, and it has met all debt payment obligations.

16. Taxes on Income

The company's effective tax rate was negative 0.6 percent and 27.7 percent for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, respectively. As compared to the statutory U.S. tax rate, the effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, was reduced by 24.8 and increased by 12.1 percentage points for the establishment of a valuation allowance related to the Russian beverage packaging business, increased by 6.2 and reduced by 3.0 percentage points for a reduction in the valuation allowance related to the Indian beverage packaging business, and reduced by 3.0 and 1.9 percentage points for equity compensation.

The company's effective tax rate was 37.8 percent and 27.4 percent for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. As compared to the statutory U.S. tax rate, the effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, was reduced by 3.8 and 3.2 percentage points, respectively, for federal tax credits, reduced by 0.8 and 2.6 percentage points, respectively, for foreign rate differences net of foreign withholding tax, and increased by 18.4 and 10.5 percentage points, respectively, for the U.K.'s enacted tax rate change.

17. Employee Benefit Obligations

June 30,

December 31,

($in millions)

2022

2021

Underfunded defined benefit pension liabilities

$

496

$

582

Less: Current portion

(20)

(21)

Long-term defined benefit pension liabilities

476

561

Long-term retiree medical liabilities

130

135

Deferred compensation plans

332

441

Other

35

68

$

973

$

1,205

Components of net periodic benefit cost associated with the company's defined benefit pension plans were as follows:

Three Months Ended June 30,

2022

2021

($ in millions)

U.S.

Non-U.S.

Total

U.S.

Non-U.S.

Total

Ball-sponsored plans:

Service cost

$

22

$

2

$

24

$

21

$

3

$

24

Interest cost

14

11

25

13

9

22

Expected return on plan assets

(27)

(15)

(42)

(31)

(16)

(47)

Amortization of prior service cost

1

-

1

1

-

1

Recognized net actuarial loss

7

1

8

11

2

13

Total net periodic benefit cost

$

17

$

(1)

$

16

$

15

$

(2)

$

13

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Six Months Ended June 30,

2022

2021

($ in millions)

U.S.

Non-U.S.

Total

U.S.

Non-U.S.

Total

Ball-sponsored plans:

Service cost

$

44

$

5

$

49

$

42

$

6

$

48

Interest cost

27

24

51

26

18

44

Expected return on plan assets

(54)

(32)

(86)

(62)

(32)

(94)

Amortization of prior service cost

1

1

2

1

1

2

Recognized net actuarial loss

14

2

16

24

3

27

Total net periodic benefit cost

$

32

$

-

$

32

$

31

$

(4)

$

27

Non-service pension income of $8 million and $11 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and income of $17 million and $21 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, is included in selling, general, and administrative (SG&A) expenses in the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of earnings (loss).

Contributions to the company's defined benefit pension plans were $108 million for the first six months of 2022 compared to $167 million for the first six months of 2021, and such contributions are expected to be approximately $127 million for the full year of 2022. This estimate may change based on changes to the U.S. Pension Protection Act and the actual returns achieved on plan assets, among other factors.

18. Equity and Accumulated Other Comprehensive Earnings (Loss)

The following tables provide additional details of the company's equity activity:

Common Stock

Treasury Stock

Accumulated Other

Number of

Number of

Retained

Comprehensive

Noncontrolling

Total

($ in millions; share amounts in thousands)

Shares

Amount

Shares

Amount

Earnings

Earnings (Loss)

Interest

Equity

Balance at March 31, 2022

681,736

$

1,226

(361,097)

$

(3,941)

$

7,224

$

(611)

$

59

$

3,957

Net earnings (loss)

-

-

-

-

(174)

-

9

(165)

Other comprehensive earnings (loss), net of tax

-

-

-

-

-

265

-

265

Common dividends, net of tax benefits

-

-

-

-

(63)

-

-

(63)

Treasury stock purchases

-

-

(6,316)

(476)

-

-

-

(476)

Treasury shares reissued

-

-

14

8

-

-

-

8

Shares issued and stock compensation for stock options and other stock plans, net of shares exchanged

130

6

-

-

-

-

-

6

Other activity

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

Balance at June 30, 2022

681,866

$

1,232

(367,399)

$

(4,408)

$

6,987

$

(346)

$

68

$

3,533

Common Stock

Treasury Stock

Accumulated Other

Number of

Number of

Retained

Comprehensive

Noncontrolling

Total

($ in millions; share amounts in thousands)

Shares

Amount

Shares

Amount

Earnings

Earnings (Loss)

Interest

Equity

Balance at March 31, 2021

680,014

$

1,171

(351,899)

$

(3,124)

$

6,342

$

(897)

$

62

$

3,554

Net earnings (loss)

-

-

-

-

202

-

-

202

Other comprehensive earnings (loss), net of tax

-

-

-

-

-

100

-

100

Common dividends, net of tax benefits

-

-

-

-

(48)

-

-

(48)

Treasury stock purchases

-

-

(1,651)

(139)

-

-

-

(139)

Treasury shares reissued

-

-

75

8

-

-

-

8

Shares issued and stock compensation for stock options and other stock plans, net of shares exchanged

232

24

-

-

-

-

-

24

Balance at June 30, 2021

680,246

$

1,195

(353,475)

$

(3,255)

$

6,496

$

(797)

$

62

$

3,701

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Table of Contents

Common Stock

Treasury Stock

Accumulated Other

Number of

Number of

Retained

Comprehensive

Noncontrolling

Total

($ in millions; share amounts in thousands)

Shares

Amount

Shares

Amount

Earnings

Earnings (Loss)

Interest

Equity

Balance at December 31, 2021

680,945

$

1,220

(360,101)

$

(3,854)

$

6,843

$

(582)

$

58

$

3,685

Net earnings (loss)

-

-

-

-

272

-

10

282

Other comprehensive earnings (loss), net of tax

-

-

-

-

-

236

-

236

Common dividends

-

-

-

-

(128)

-

-

(128)

Treasury stock purchases

-

-

(7,463)

(578)

-

-

-

(578)

Treasury shares reissued

-

-

165

17

-

-

-

17

Shares issued and stock compensation for stock options and other stock plans, net of shares exchanged

921

12

-

-

-

-

-

12

Other activity

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

7

Balance at June 30, 2022

681,866

$

1,232

(367,399)

$

(4,408)

$

6,987

$

(346)

$

68

$

3,533

Common Stock

Treasury Stock

Accumulated Other

Number of

Number of

Retained

Comprehensive

Noncontrolling

Total

($ in millions; share amounts in thousands)

Shares

Amount

Shares

Amount

Earnings

Earnings (Loss)

Interest

Equity

Balance at December 31, 2020

679,524

$

1,167

(351,939)

$

(3,130)

$

6,192

$

(954)

$

62

$

3,337

Net earnings (loss)

-

-

-

-

402

-

-

402

Other comprehensive earnings (loss), net of tax

-

-

-

-

-

157

-

157

Common dividends

-

-

-

-

(98)

-

-

(98)

Treasury stock purchases

-

-

(1,772)

(149)

-

-

-

(149)

Treasury shares reissued

-

-

236

16

-

-

-

16

Shares issued and stock compensation for stock options and other stock plans, net of shares exchanged

722

28

-

8

-

-

-

36

Balance at June 30, 2021

680,246

$

1,195

(353,475)

$

(3,255)

$

6,496

$

(797)

$

62

$

3,701

In the second quarter of 2022, in a privately negotiated transaction, Ball entered into an accelerated share repurchase agreement to buy $300 million of its common shares using cash on hand and available borrowings. The company paid the $300 million in May 2022, and received 3.45 million shares, which represented approximately 80 percent of the total shares. The company received an additional approximately 662,000 shares during June 2022, and the average price per share paid under this agreement as of June 30, 2022, was $69.25. The remaining shares settled during the third quarter of 2022 and the final per share price paid by Ball under this agreement was $69.06 for a total of 4.34 million shares.

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Earnings (Loss)

The activity related to accumulated other comprehensive earnings (loss) was as follows:

($ in millions)


Currency
Translation
(Net of Tax)

Pension and

Other Postretirement

Benefits

(Net of Tax)

Derivatives Designated as Hedges
(Net of Tax)

Accumulated

Other

Comprehensive

Earnings (Loss)

Balance at December 31, 2021

(536)

(169)

123

(582)

Other comprehensive earnings (loss) before reclassifications

254

(12)

89

331

Reclassification of net deferred (gains) losses into earnings

-

13

(108)

(95)

Balance at June 30, 2022

$

(282)

$

(168)

$

104

$

(346)

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Table of Contents

The following table provides additional details of the amounts recorded into net earnings from accumulated other comprehensive earnings (loss):

Three Months Ended June 30,

Six Months Ended June 30,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

2022

2021

Gains (losses) on cash flow hedges:

Commodity contracts recorded in net sales

$

(51)

$

(45)

$

(82)

$

(61)

Commodity contracts recorded in cost of sales

111

32

146

42

Currency exchange contracts recorded in selling, general and administrative

49

(3)

77

39

Interest rate contracts recorded in interest expense

(1)

-

-

-

Total before tax effect

108

(16)

141

20

Tax benefit (expense) on amounts reclassified into earnings

(25)

5

(33)

(2)

Recognized gain (loss), net of tax

$

83

$

(11)

$

108

$

18

Amortization of pension and other postretirement benefits: (a)

Actuarial gains (losses)

$

(8)

$

(13)

$

(16)

$

(27)

Prior service income (expense)

(1)

(1)

(2)

(2)

Total before tax effect

(9)

(14)

(18)

(29)

Tax benefit (expense) on amounts reclassified into earnings

3

4

5

8

Recognized gain (loss), net of tax

$

(6)

$

(10)

$

(13)

$

(21)

(a) These components are included in the computation of net periodic benefit cost detailed in Note 17.

19.Earnings and Dividends Per Share

Three Months Ended June 30,

Six Months Ended June 30,

($ in millions, except per share amounts; shares in thousands)

2022

2021

2022

2021

Net earnings (loss) attributable to Ball Corporation

$

(174)

$

202

$

272

$

402

Basic weighted average common shares

317,006

327,625

318,944

327,718

Effect of dilutive securities

-

5,753

4,372

5,897

Weighted average shares applicable to diluted earnings (loss) per share

317,006

333,378

323,316

333,615

Per basic share

$

(0.55)

$

0.62

$

0.85

$

1.23

Per diluted share

$

(0.55)

$

0.61

$

0.84

$

1.20

The company reported a net loss attributable to Ball Corporation in the three months ended June 30, 2022, and, as a result, all potentially issuable securities were excluded in the diluted earnings (loss) per share calculation as their effect would have been anti-dilutive. Certain outstanding options and SSARs were excluded from the diluted earnings (loss) per share calculation because they were anti-dilutive (i.e., the sum of the proceeds, including the unrecognized compensation, exceeded the average closing stock price for the period). Ball excluded anti-dilutive options of four million and one million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and two million and one million for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

The company declared and paid dividends of $0.20 per share and $0.15 per share for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $0.40 per share and $0.30 per share for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

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Table of Contents

20. Financial Instruments and Risk Management

Policies and Procedures

The company employs established risk management policies and procedures, which seek to reduce the company's commercial risk exposure to fluctuations in commodity prices, interest rates, currency exchange rates and prices of the company's common stock with regard to common share repurchases and the company's deferred compensation stock plan. However, there can be no assurance these policies and procedures will be successful. Although the instruments utilized involve varying degrees of credit, market and interest risk, the counterparties to the agreements are expected to perform fully under the terms of the agreements. The company monitors counterparty credit risk, including lenders, on a regular basis, but Ball cannot be certain that all risks will be discerned or that its risk management policies and procedures will always be effective. Additionally, in the event of default under the company's master derivative agreements, the non-defaulting party has the option to offset any amounts owed with regard to open derivative positions.

Commodity Price Risk - The company manages commodity price risk in connection with market price fluctuations of aluminum through two different methods. First, the company enters into container sales contracts that include aluminum-based pricing terms which generally reflect the same price fluctuations under commercial purchase contracts for aluminum sheet. The terms include fixed, floating or pass through aluminum component pricing. Second, the company uses certain derivative instruments, including option and forward contracts, as economic and cash flow hedges of commodity price risk where there are material differences between sales and purchase contracted pricing and volume.

Interest Rate Risk - The company's objective in managing exposure to interest rate changes is to minimize the impact of interest rate changes on earnings and cash flows and to lower its overall borrowing costs. To achieve these objectives, the company may use a variety of interest rate swaps, collars and options to manage its mix of floating and fixed-rate debt.

Currency Exchange Rate Risk - The company's objective in managing exposure to currency fluctuations is to limit the exposure of cash flows and earnings from changes associated with currency exchange rate changes through the use of various derivative contracts. In addition, at times the company manages earnings translation volatility through the use of currency option strategies, and the change in the fair value of those options is recorded in the company's net earnings.

The following table provides additional information related to the commercial risk management instruments described above:

($ in millions)

June 30, 2022

Commercial risk area

Commodity

Currency

Interest Rate

Notional amount of contracts

$

2,068

$

3,696

$

1,129

Net gain (loss) included in AOCI, after-tax

97

6

1

Net gain (loss) included in AOCI, after-tax, expected to be recognized in net earnings within the next 12 months

99

20

1

Longest duration of forecasted cash flow hedge transactions in years

2

3

1

Common Stock Price Risk

The company's deferred compensation stock program is subject to variable plan accounting and, accordingly, is marked to fair value using the company's closing stock price at the end of the related reporting period. The company entered into total return swaps to reduce the company's earnings exposure to these fair value fluctuations that will be outstanding through May 2023 and have a combined notional value of 2.5 million shares. Based on the current number of shares in the program, each $1 change in the company's stock price would have an insignificant impact on pretax earnings, net of the impact of related derivatives.

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Collateral Calls

The company's agreements with its financial counterparties require the company to post collateral in certain circumstances when the negative mark to fair value of the derivative contracts exceeds specified levels. Additionally, the company has collateral posting arrangements with certain customers on these derivative contracts. The cash flows of the margin calls, if any, are shown within the investing section of the company's unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. As of June 30, 2022, and December 31, 2021, the aggregate fair value of all derivative instruments with credit-risk-related contingent features was a net liability position of $14 million and $3 million, respectively, and no collateral was required to be posted.

Fair Value Measurements

Ball has classified all applicable financial derivative assets and liabilities as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy as of June 30, 2022, and December 31, 2021, and presented those values in the tables below. The company's assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement requires judgment and may affect the valuation of fair value assets and liabilities and their placement within the fair value hierarchy levels.

June 30, 2022

($ in millions)

Balance Sheet Location

Derivatives
Designated
as Hedging
Instruments

Derivatives not
Designated as
Hedging
Instruments

Total

Assets:

Commodity contracts

$

173

$

1

$

174

Currency contracts

-

68

68

Other contracts

1

2

3

Total current derivative contracts

Other current assets

$

174

$

71

$

245

Commodity contracts

$

1

$

-

$

1

Currency contracts

116

2

118

Total noncurrent derivative contracts

Other noncurrent assets

$

117

$

2

$

119

Liabilities:

Commodity contracts

$

49

$

-

$

49

Currency contracts

-

48

48

Other contracts

-

4

4

Total current derivative contracts

Other current liabilities

$

49

$

52

$

101

Commodity contracts

$

2

$

-

$

2

Currency contracts

$

-

$

2

$

2

Total noncurrent derivative contracts

Other noncurrent liabilities

$

2

$

2

$

4

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December 31, 2021

($ in millions)

Balance Sheet Location

Derivatives
Designated
as Hedging
Instruments

Derivatives not
Designated as
Hedging
Instruments

Total

Assets:

Commodity contracts

$

142

$

-

$

142

Currency contracts

2

19

21

Other contracts

1

6

7

Total current derivative contracts

Other current assets

$

145

$

25

$

170

Commodity contracts

$

3

$

-

$

3

Currency contracts

59

1

60

Total noncurrent derivative contracts

Other noncurrent assets

$

62

$

1

$

63

Liabilities:

Commodity contracts

$

20

$

-

$

20

Currency contracts

-

8

8

Other contracts

-

1

1

Total current derivative contracts

Other current liabilities

$

20

$

9

$

29

Currency contracts

$

-

$

3

$

3

Total noncurrent derivative contracts

Other noncurrent liabilities

$

-

$

3

$

3

The company uses closing spot and forward market prices as published by the London Metal Exchange, the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Reuters and Bloomberg to determine the fair value of any outstanding aluminum, currency, energy, inflation and interest rate spot and forward contracts. Option contracts are valued using a Black-Scholes model with observable market inputs for aluminum, currency and interest rates. The company values each of its financial instruments either internally using a single valuation technique, from a reliable observable market source, or from the use of third-party software. The company does not adjust the value of its financial instruments except in determining the fair value of a trade that settles in the future. The present value discounting factor is based on the comparable time period SOFR rate, LIBOR rate or 12-month LIBOR. Ball performs validations of the company's internally derived fair values reported for the company's financial instruments on a quarterly basis utilizing counterparty valuation statements. The company additionally evaluates counterparty creditworthiness and, as of June 30, 2022, has not identified any circumstances requiring the reported values of the company's financial instruments be adjusted.

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The following table provides the effects of derivative instruments in the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of earnings (loss) and on accumulated other comprehensive earnings (loss):

Three Months Ended June 30,

2022

2021

($ in millions)

Location of Gain (Loss)
Recognized in Earnings on Derivatives

Cash Flow
Hedge -
Reclassified
Amount from
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Earnings (Loss)

Gain (Loss) on
Derivatives not
Designated as
Hedge
Instruments

Cash Flow
Hedge -
Reclassified
Amount from
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Earnings (Loss)

Gain (Loss) on
Derivatives not
Designated as
Hedge
Instruments

Commodity contracts - manage exposure to customer pricing

Net sales

$

(51)

$

-

$

(45)

$

-

Commodity contracts - manage exposure to supplier pricing

Cost of sales

111

(6)

32

3

Interest rate contracts - manage exposure for outstanding debt

Interest expense

(1)

4

-

-

Currency contracts - manage currency exposure

Selling, general and administrative

49

65

(3)

(15)

Equity contracts

Selling, general and administrative

-

(53)

-

(9)

Total

$

108

$

10

$

(16)

$

(21)

Six Months Ended June 30,

2022

2021

($ in millions)

Location of Gain (Loss)
Recognized in Earnings on Derivatives

Cash Flow
Hedge -
Reclassified
Amount from
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Earnings (Loss)

Gain (Loss) on
Derivatives not
Designated as
Hedge
Instruments

Cash Flow
Hedge -
Reclassified
Amount from
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Earnings (Loss)

Gain (Loss) on
Derivatives not
Designated as
Hedge
Instruments

Commodity contracts - manage exposure to customer pricing

Net sales

$

(82)

$

-

$

(61)

$

-

Commodity contracts - manage exposure to supplier pricing

Cost of sales

146

(20)

42

6

Interest rate contracts - manage exposure for outstanding debt

Interest expense

-

4

-

-

Currency contracts - manage currency exposure

Selling, general and administrative

77

60

39

20

Equity contracts

Selling, general and administrative

-

(69)

-

(34)

Total

$

141

$

(25)

$

20

$

(8)

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The changes in accumulated other comprehensive earnings (loss) for derivatives designated as hedges were as follows:

Three Months Ended June 30,

Six Months Ended June 30,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

2022

2021

Amounts reclassified into earnings:

Commodity contracts

$

(60)

$

13

$

(64)

$

19

Interest rate contracts

1

-

-

-

Currency exchange contracts

(49)

3

(77)

(39)

Change in fair value of cash flow hedges:

Commodity contracts

(32)

42

62

93

Interest rate contracts

(1)

-

1

-

Currency exchange contracts

57

1

61

32

Currency and tax impacts

8

(14)

(2)

(23)

$

(76)

$

45

$

(19)

$

82

21. Contingencies

Ball is subject to numerous lawsuits, claims or proceedings arising out of the ordinary course of business, including actions related to product liability; personal injury; the use and performance of company products; warranty matters; patent, trademark or other intellectual property infringement; contractual liability; the conduct of the company's business; tax reporting in domestic and non-U.S. jurisdictions; workplace safety and environmental and other matters. The company has also been identified as a potentially responsible party (PRP) at several waste disposal sites under U.S. federal and related state environmental statutes and regulations and may have joint and several liability for any investigation and remediation costs incurred with respect to such sites. In addition, the company has received claims alleging that employees in certain plants have suffered damages due to exposure to alleged workplace hazards. Some of these lawsuits, claims and proceedings involve substantial amounts, including as described below, and some of the environmental proceedings involve potential monetary costs or sanctions that may be material. Ball has denied liability with respect to many of these lawsuits, claims and proceedings and is vigorously defending such lawsuits, claims and proceedings. The company carries various forms of commercial, property and casualty, and other forms of insurance; however, such insurance may not be applicable or adequate to cover the costs associated with a judgment against Ball with respect to these lawsuits, claims and proceedings. The company estimates that potential liabilitiesfor all currently known and estimable environmental matters are approximately $26 million in the aggregate, and such amounts have been included in other current liabilities and other noncurrent liabilities at June 30, 2022.

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In February 2012, Ball Metal Beverage Container Corp. (BMBCC) filed an action against Crown Packaging Technology, Inc. (Crown) in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Ohio (the Court) seeking a declaratory judgment that the manufacture, sale and use of certain ends by BMBCC and its customers do not infringe certain claims of Crown's U.S. patents. Crown subsequently filed a counterclaim alleging infringement of certain claims in these patents seeking unspecified monetary damages, fees and declaratory and injunctive relief. The District Court issued a claim construction order at the end of December 2015 and held a scheduling conference on February 10, 2016, to determine the timeline for future steps in the litigation. The case was stayed by mutual agreement of the parties into the third quarter of 2016, during which Crown made preparations for its discovery with respect to certain ends previously produced by Rexam's U.S. subsidiary, Rexam Beverage Can Company (RBCC). Such discovery began during the first half of 2017 and concluded in the fourth quarter of 2018. The parties attempted to mediate the case on August 1, 2017, but no progress was made, and the case continued as scheduled. In December 2018, BMBCC and RBCC filed a motion for summary judgment that the Crown patents at issue are invalid and that the applicable ends supplied by BMBCC and RBCC did not infringe the patents. Crown did not file a motion for summary judgment. On June 21, 2019, the District Court issued an order sustaining the BMBCC/RBCC motion as to invalidity, declining to rule on the other grounds as moot, and indicating that an expanded opinion and an appealable order would be forthcoming. The expanded opinion was docketed on July 22, 2019. The final, appealable order was issued by the Court on September 25, 2019, and the expanded opinion was unsealed. On October 22, 2019, Crown filed a Notice of Appeal of the decision of the Court to the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. On December 31, 2020, the Court of Appeals vacated the decision of the District Court and remanded the case for further proceedings. The District Court held a telephonic hearing with counsel for the parties in March 2021 to discuss the scope of the proceedings on remand and initial position statements regarding remand which was submitted by each party. The District Court also directed each party to submit a document in response to the initial position statements of the other party in April 2021. The parties submitted their position statements to the District Court on April 21, 2021. On August 25, 2021, the Court issued its order regarding the further proceedings permitting each party to submit supplemental expert reports and depositions of the experts. On September 9, 2021, the parties submitted a Submission Regarding Scheduling in which most issues were agreed, but the Court was requested to resolve a dispute regarding the process and timing for the submission of each expert's report and the deposition of the experts. The Court has not yet responded to this filing and has not issued a schedule for proceedings on remand. Based on the information available at the present time, the company does not believe that this matter will have a material adverse effect upon its liquidity, results of operations or financial condition.

A former Rexam Personal Care site in Annecy, France, was found in 2003 to be contaminated following a leak of chlorinated solvents (TCE) from an underground feedline. The site underwent extensive investigation and an active remediation treatment system was put in place in 2006. The business operating from the site was sold to Albea in 2013 and in turn to a French company CATIDOM (operating as Reboul). Reboul vacated the site in September 2014, and the site reverted back to Rexam during the first quarter of 2015. As part of the site closure regulatory requirements, a new regulatory permit (Prefectoral Order) was issued in June 2016, which includes requirements to undertake a cost-benefit analysis and pilot studies of further treatment for the known residual solvent contamination following the shutdown of the current on-site treatment system. A new management plan was proposed to the French Environmental Authorities (DREAL) during 2018. Tenders for the proposed remediation work were issued in 2020 and a preferred supplier of the remedial works has been identified. These proposed works are the subject of discussions taking place with the French environmental authorities before adoption of the final plan for the site and conduct of the remediation activity. Based on the information available at this time, the company does not believe that this matter will have a material adverse effect upon its liquidity, results of operations or financial condition.

The company's operations in Brazil are involved in various governmental assessments, which have historically mainly related to claims for taxes on the internal transfer of inventory, gross revenue taxes, and indirect tax incentives and deductibility of goodwill. In addition, one of the company's Brazilian subsidiaries received an income tax assessment focused on the disallowance of deductions associated with the acquisition price paid to a third party for a portion of its operations. The company does not believe that the ultimate resolution of these matters will materially impact its results of operations, financial position or cash flows. Under customary local regulations, the company's Brazilian subsidiaries may need to post cash or other collateral if the process to challenge any administrative assessment proceeds to the Brazilian court system; however, the level of any potential cash or collateral required would not significantly impact the liquidity of those subsidiaries or Ball Corporation.

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During 2017, the Brazilian Supreme Court (the Court) ruled against the Brazilian tax authorities in a leading case related to the computation of certain indirect taxes. The Court ruled that the indirect tax base should not include a value-added tax known as "ICMS." By removing the ICMS from the tax base, the Court effectively eliminated a "tax on tax." The Court decision, in principle, affects all applicable judicial proceedings in progress. However, after publication of the decision in October 2017, the Brazilian tax authorities filed an appeal seeking clarification of certain matters, including the amount of ICMS to which taxpayers would be entitled in order to reduce their indirect tax base (i.e., the gross rate or net rate).

The company's Brazilian subsidiaries paid to the Brazilian tax authorities the gross amounts of certain indirect taxes (which included ICMS in their tax base) and filed lawsuits in 2014 and 2015 to challenge the legality of these tax on tax amounts. Pursuant to these lawsuits, the company requested reimbursement of prior excess tax payments and entitlement to retain amounts not remitted. During 2018, the company learned of a further decision of the Court indicating that lawsuits filed prior to the trial resulting in its 2017 decision, such as those filed by the company, would likely be upheld. The company also noted that other Brazilian companies, including customers of its Brazilian subsidiaries, which had timely filed equivalent lawsuits, were recording income based on the applicable ICMS amounts retained. During 2021, 2020 and 2019, the company received additional favorable court rulings and completed its analysis of certain prior year overpayments related to ICMS. As these gain contingency amounts were determined to be estimable and realizable, the company recorded $22 million of prior year collections in business consolidation and other activities within its unaudited condensed consolidated statement of earnings (loss) for the period ended December 31, 2021. As of June 30, 2022, the company has no additional claims outstanding that would result in material reimbursements.

In July 2022, Ball's beverage packaging, South America, segment formally notified a regional customer in Brazil of its breach of a long-term committed supply agreement since the first quarter of 2022, inclusive of beverage can and end volume requirements and associated accounts payable with Ball. In the event that satisfactory rectifying action is not taken in response to the notification of breach, Ball intends to pursue legal action to recover all amounts due and seek damages for non-performance. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, Ball recorded a charge of $22 million reflecting an increased risk of not being able to fully collect amounts due from the customer; see Note 6for further details. After recording this charge, Ball has financial exposure on balances due from the customer of $37 million, which are presented in receivables, net, other current assets, and other assets, in its unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets. Ball considers that losses in the event of an unfavorable outcome to the dispute and any related legal action (or gains in the event of a favorable outcome) would not have a material effect upon its liquidity, results of operations or financial condition.

22. Indemnifications and Guarantees

General Guarantees

The company or its appropriate consolidated direct or indirect subsidiaries have made certain indemnities, commitments and guarantees under which the specified entity may be required to make payments in relation to certain transactions. These indemnities, commitments and guarantees include indemnities to the customers of the subsidiaries in connection with the sales of their packaging and aerospace products and services; guarantees to suppliers of subsidiaries of the company guaranteeing the performance of the respective entity under a purchase agreement, construction contract, renewable energy purchase contract or other commitment; guarantees in respect of certain non-U.S. subsidiaries' pension plans; indemnities for liabilities associated with the infringement of third-party patents, trademarks or copyrights under various types of agreements; indemnities to various lessors in connection with facility, equipment, furniture and other personal property leases for certain claims arising from such leases; indemnities to governmental agencies in connection with the issuance of a permit or license to the company or a subsidiary; indemnities pursuant to agreements relating to certain joint ventures; indemnities in connection with the sale of businesses or substantially all of the assets and specified liabilities of businesses; and indemnities to directors, officers and employees of the company to the extent permitted under the laws of the State of Indiana and the United States of America. The duration of these indemnities, commitments and guarantees varies and, in certain cases, is indefinite.

In addition, many of these indemnities, commitments and guarantees do not provide for any limitation on the maximum potential future payments the company could be obligated to make. As such, the company is unable to reasonably estimate its potential exposure under these items.

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The company has not recorded any material liabilities for these indemnities, commitments and guarantees in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. The company does, however, accrue for payments under promissory notes and other evidences of incurred indebtedness and for losses for any known contingent liability, including those that may arise from indemnifications, commitments and guarantees, when future payment is both reasonably estimable and probable. Finally, the company carries specific and general liability insurance policies and has obtained indemnities, commitments and guarantees from third-party purchasers, sellers and other contracting parties, which the company believes would, in certain circumstances, provide recourse to certain claims arising from these indemnifications, commitments and guarantees.

Debt Guarantees

The company's and its subsidiaries' obligations under the senior notes and senior credit facilities (or, in the case of U.S. domiciled non-U.S. subsidiaries under the senior credit facilities, the obligations of non-U.S. credit parties only) are guaranteed on a full, unconditional and joint and several basis by certain of the company's domestic subsidiaries and the domestic subsidiary borrowers, and obligations of other guarantors and the subsidiary borrowers under the senior credit facilities are guaranteed by the company, in each case with certain exceptions. These guarantees are required in support of the senior notes and senior credit facilities referred to above, are coterminous with the terms of the respective note indentures, senior notes and credit agreement, and they could be enforced by the holders of the obligations thereunder during the continuation of an event of default under the note indentures, the senior notes and/or the credit agreement. The maximum potential amounts which could be required to be paid under such guarantees are essentially equal to then-outstanding obligations under the respective senior notes or the credit agreement (or, in the case of U.S. domiciled non-U.S. subsidiaries under the senior credit facilities, the obligations of non-U.S. credit parties only), with certain exceptions. All obligations under the guarantees of the senior credit facilities are secured, with certain exceptions, by a valid first priority perfected lien or pledge on (i) 100 percent of the capital stock of each of the company's material wholly owned domestic subsidiaries directly owned by the company or any of its wholly owned domestic subsidiaries and (ii) 65 percent of the capital stock of each of the company's material wholly owned first-tier non-U.S. subsidiaries directly owned by the company or any of its wholly owned domestic subsidiaries. In addition, the obligations of certain non-U.S. borrowers and non-U.S. pledgors under the loan documents will be secured, with certain exceptions, by a valid first priority perfected lien or pledge on 100 percent of the capital stock of certain of the company's material wholly owned non-U.S. subsidiaries and material wholly owned U.S. domiciled non-U.S. subsidiaries directly owned by the company or any of its wholly owned material subsidiaries. The company is not in default under the above senior notes or senior credit facilities.

Item 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Management's discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements (consolidated financial statements) and accompanying notes included in Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, which include additional information about our accounting policies, practices and the transactions underlying our financial results. The preparation of our consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP) requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts in our consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes including various claims and contingencies related to lawsuits, taxes, environmental and other matters arising during the normal course of business. We apply our best judgment, our knowledge of existing facts and circumstances and actions that we may undertake in the future in determining the estimates that affect our consolidated financial statements. We evaluate our estimates on an ongoing basis using our historical experience, as well as other factors we believe appropriate under the circumstances, such as current economic conditions, and adjust or revise our estimates as circumstances change. As future events and their effects cannot be determined with precision, actual results may differ from these estimates. Ball Corporation and its subsidiaries are referred to collectively as "Ball Corporation," "Ball," "the company," "we" or "our" in the following discussion and analysis.

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OVERVIEW

Business Overview and Industry Trends

Ball Corporation is one of the world's leading aluminum packaging suppliers. Our packaging products are produced for a variety of end uses, are manufactured in facilities around the world and are competitive with other substrates, such as plastics and glass. In the aluminum packaging industry, sales and earnings can be increased by reducing costs, increasing prices, developing new products, expanding volumes and making strategic acquisitions. We also provide aerospace and other technologies and services to governmental and commercial customers, including national defense hardware, antenna and video tactical solutions, civil and operational space hardware and system engineering services.

We sell our aluminum packaging products mainly to large, multinational beverage, personal care and household products companies with which we have developed long-term relationships. This is evidenced by our high customer retention and our large number of long-term supply contracts. While we have a diversified customer base, we sell a significant portion of our packaging products to major companies and brands, as well as to numerous regional customers. The overall global aluminum beverage and aerosol container industries are growing and are expected to continue to grow in the medium to long term. The primary customers for the products and services provided by our aerospace segment are U.S. government agencies or their prime contractors.

We purchase our raw materials from relatively few suppliers. We also have exposure to inflation, in particular the rising costs of raw materials, as well as other direct cost inputs. We mitigate our exposure to the changes in the costs of aluminum through the inclusion of provisions in contracts covering the majority of our volumes to pass through aluminum price changes, as well as through the use of derivative instruments. The pass through provisions generally result in proportional increases or decreases in sales and costs with a greatly reduced impact, if any, on net earnings (loss). Because of our customer and supplier concentration, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected by the loss, insolvency or bankruptcy of a major customer or supplier or a change in a supply agreement with a major customer or supplier, although our contract provisions generally mitigate the risk of customer loss, and our long-term relationships represent a known, stable customer base.

The majority of the aerospace business involves work under contracts, generally from one to five years in duration, as a prime contractor or subcontractor for various U.S. government agencies. Intense competition and long operating cycles are key characteristics of the company's aerospace and defense industry where it is common for work on major programs to be shared among a number of companies. A company competing to be a prime contractor may, upon ultimate award of the contract to a competitor, become a subcontractor for the ultimate prime contracting company.

Corporate Strategy

Our Drive for 10 vision encompasses five strategic levers that are key to growing our business and achieving long-term success. Since launching Drive for 10 in 2011, we have made progress on each of the levers as follows:

Maximizing value in our existing businesses by expanding specialty container production across our global plant network to meet current demand, improving efficiencies and amplifying our sustainability credentials through Aluminum Stewardship Initiative certifications in our global aluminum container and end facilities in North America, South America and Europe; leveraging plant floor and integrated planning systems to reduce costs and manage contractual provisions across our diverse customer base; successfully acquiring and integrating a large global aluminum beverage business and regional aluminum aerosol facility while also divesting underperforming assets; and in the aluminum aerosol business, installing new extruded aluminum aerosol lines in our European, Mexican and Indian facilities while also implementing cost-out and value-in initiatives across all of our businesses;

Expanding further into new products and capabilities through commercializing our new lightweight, infinitely recyclable aluminum cup and providing next-generation extruded aluminum aerosol packaging that utilizes proprietary technology to significantly lightweight the can; and successfully introducing new specialty beverage cans and aluminum bottle-shaping technology;

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Aligning ourselves with the right customers and markets by investing capital to meet continued growth for specialty beverage containers throughout our global network, which represent approximately 50 percent of our global beverage packaging mix; aligning with growing beverage categories and other new beverage producers who continue to use aluminum beverage containers to grow their business; and in our aluminum cup business, establishing partnerships with on and off premise and event venues and utilizing online platforms and North American retailers to provide infinitely recyclable aluminum cups directly to consumers.

Broadening our geographic reach with our acquisition of Rexam and our new investments in beverage manufacturing facilities in the United States, Brazil, Paraguay, Spain, Mexico, Myanmar and Panama, as well as extruded aluminum aerosol manufacturing facilities in India and Brazil, and the successful start-up of our aluminum cups business in the U.S.; and

Leveraging our technological expertise in packaging innovation, including the introduction of our new proprietary, brandable lightweight aluminum cup and providing next-generation aluminum bottle-shaping technologies and the increased production of lightweight ReAl® containers, which utilize technology that increases the strength of aluminum used in the manufacturing process while lightweighting the can by up to 30 percent over a standard aluminum aerosol can, as well as our investment in cyber, data analytics methane monitoring, 5G and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) capabilities to further enhance our aerospace technical expertise across a broader customer portfolio.

These ongoing business developments help us stay close to our customers while expanding and/or sustaining our industry positions and global reach with major beverage, personal care, household products and aerospace customers. In order to successfully execute our strategy and reach our goals, we realize the importance of excelling in the following areas: customer focus, operational excellence, innovation and business development, people and culture focus and sustainability.

RESULTS OF CONSOLIDATED OPERATIONS

Management's discussion and analysis for our results of operations on a consolidated and segment basis include a quantification of factors that had a material impact. Other factors that did not have a material impact, but that are significant to understand the results, are qualitatively described.

Russia

The current global business environment is being impacted directly and indirectly by the effects of the Russian invasion of Ukraine during 2022. Countries across the globe have announced sanctions against Russia. NATO and allied countries, including the U.S., have deployed military forces to Eastern Europe. Ball provides products and services to the consumer beverage and household markets of Russia, which are serviced by its beverage packaging, EMEA, segment. Ball has suspended future investments in Russia and is pursuing the sale of its aluminum beverage packaging business located in Russia. During the second quarter of 2022, Ball experienced deteriorating conditions and determined this constituted a triggering event for its Russian long-lived asset group. As a result, Ball performed an expected cash flow recoverability analysis, using income valuation approach with various scenarios, including a near-term sale of the business, to estimate the fair value of the long-lived assets, and recorded an impairment loss of $435 million. This non-cash charge has been presented in business consolidation and other activities in the company's unaudited condensed consolidated statements of earnings (loss). See Note 1and Note 4of these consolidated financial statements for additional discussion. As of June 30, 2022, Ball's Russian aluminum packaging business does not meet the requirements for held for sale presentation in Ball's consolidated financial statements.

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Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

The ongoing novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic had a material effect upon the global business environment during the six months ended June 30, 2022 and the year ended December 31, 2021. Ball provides key products and services to the consumer beverage and household markets and the U.S. aerospace markets and, consequently, the operations of Ball and of its principal customers and suppliers have been designated as essential across our key markets. This designation allows Ball to continue operations in its facilities without disruption in the foreseeable future. However, some jurisdictions around the globe continue to have various restrictions, which have impacted certain of our customers by constraining some supply of products to certain consumers. The risks that COVID-19 and its related variants continue to present to Ball's business have been outlined in Note 1of these consolidated financial statements and within Item 1. Risk Factors in the company's 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on February 16, 2022.

Consolidated Sales and Earnings (Loss)

Three Months Ended June 30,

Six Months Ended June 30,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

2022

2021

Net sales

$

4,134

$

3,459

$

7,850

$

6,584

Net earnings (loss) attributable to Ball Corporation

(174)

202

272

402

Net earnings (loss) attributable to Ball Corporation as a % of net sales

(4)

%

6

%

3

%

6

%

Sales in the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, increased compared to the same periods in 2021 primarily due to the pass-through of higher aluminum prices, pass-through of inflationary costs and price/mix, partially offset by currency translation.

Net earnings (loss) attributable to Ball Corporation for the three months ended June 30, 2022, decreased compared to the same period in 2021 primarily due to impairment losses recorded related to Ball's Russian aluminum beverage packaging business, increased manufacturing and inflationary costs, partially offset by price/mix and lower taxes on earnings. Net earnings (loss) attributable to Ball Corporation for the six months ended June 30, 2022, decreased compared to the same period in 2021 primarily due to impairment losses recorded related to Ball's Russian aluminum beverage packaging business, increased manufacturing and inflationary costs, partially offset by gain on the sale of our remaining equity investment in Ball Metalpack, price/mix and lower taxes on earnings.

Cost of Sales (Excluding Depreciation and Amortization)

Cost of sales, excluding depreciation and amortization, was $3,445 million and $2,760 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $6,461 million and $5,253 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. These amounts represented 83 percent and 80 percent of consolidated net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and 82 percent and 80 percent of consolidated net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

Depreciation and Amortization

Depreciation and amortization expense was $168 million and $172 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $353 million and $340 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. These amounts represented 4 percent of consolidated net sales for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2022, and 5 percent of consolidated net sales for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2021.

Selling, General and Administrative

Selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses were $161 million and $166 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $347 million and $323 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. These amounts represented 4 percent of consolidated net sales for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2022, and 5 percent of consolidated net sales for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2021.

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Business Consolidation Costs and Other Activities

Business consolidation and other activities were charges of $467 million and income of $12 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and charges of $186 million and income of $5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The amounts in the three months ended June 30, 2022, include charges for impairment losses on Russia's long-lived asset group and charges related to a dispute with a regional customer in Brazil. The amounts in the six months ended June 30, 2022, include charges for impairment losses on Russia's long-lived asset group, gains related to the sale of Ball's remaining equity method investment in Ball Metalpack, charges related to a dispute with a regional customer in Brazil and a charge related to the donation to The Ball Foundation. See Note 6of these of these consolidated financial statements.

Interest Expense

Total interest expense was $70 million and $66 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $139 million and $133 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Interest expense, excluding the effect of debt refinancing and other costs, as a percentage of average borrowings decreased approximately 30 basis points from 3.4 percent for the three months ended June 30, 2021 to 3.1 percent for the three months ended June 30, 2022, and decreased approximately 20 basis points from 3.4 percent for the six months ended June 30, 2021 to 3.2 percent for the six months ended June 30, 2022.

Income Taxes

The effective tax rate for the three months and six ended June 30, 2022, was negative 0.6 percent and 27.7 percent respectively, compared to 37.8 percent and 27.4 percent for the same periods in 2021.

The decrease of 38.4 percentage points for the three months ended June 30, 2022 was primarily due to a loss before tax in 2022 as a result of the long-lived asset impairment for the Russian beverage packaging business. In addition, the rate was further decreased by the establishment of a valuation allowance related to the Russian beverage packaging business, which was partially offset by a reduction in a valuation allowance related to the Indian beverage packaging business. These changes are not expected to impact tax expense in future periods. The decrease was also partially offset by a revaluation of deferred taxes that occurred in 2021 because of a tax rate change in the UK. Similar impacts may occur in future periods, but given their inherent uncertainty, the company is unable to reasonably estimate their potential future impacts.

The increase of 0.3 percentage points for the six months ended June 30, 2022 was primarily due to the establishment of a valuation allowance related to the Russian beverage packaging business, which was partially offset by a reduction in the valuation allowance related to the Indian beverage packaging business. These changes are not expected to impact tax expense in future periods. The increase was also partially offset by a revaluation of deferred taxes due to a rate change in the UK in 2021. Similar impacts may occur in future periods, but given their inherent uncertainty, the company is unable to reasonably estimate their potential future impacts.

RESULTS OF BUSINESS SEGMENTS

Segment Results

Ball's operations are organized and reviewed by management along its product lines and geographical areas and presented in the four reportable segments discussed below.

Beverage Packaging, North and Central America

Three Months Ended June 30,

Six Months Ended June 30,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

2022

2021

Net sales

$

1,775

$

1,524

$

3,384

$

2,820

Comparable operating earnings

164

193

338

333

Comparable operating earnings as a % of segment net sales

9

%

13

%

10

%

12

%

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On August 4, 2022, the Company also announced that it will cease production at its Phoenix, Arizona and St. Paul, Minnesota beverage can manufacturing facilities.

Segment sales for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, were $251 million higher and $564 million higher, respectively, compared to the same periods in 2021. The increase for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, was primarily due to the pass-through of higher aluminum prices and price/mix.

Comparable operating earnings for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, were $29 million lower and $5 million higher, respectively, compared to the same periods in 2021. The decrease for the three months ended June 30, 2022, was primarily due to the impact of higher manufacturing and inflationary costs, partially offset by price/mix. The increase for the six months ended June 30, 2022, was primarily due to price/mix, favorable contractual terms and cost pass throughs, partially offset by the impact of higher manufacturing and inflationary costs.

Beverage Packaging, EMEA

Three Months Ended June 30,

Six Months Ended June 30,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

2022

2021

Net sales

$

1,133

$

906

$

2,075

$

1,702

Comparable operating earnings

129

124

229

224

Comparable operating earnings as a % of segment net sales

11

%

14

%

11

%

13

%

Segment sales for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, were $227 million higher and $373 million higher, respectively, compared to the same periods in 2021. The increase for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, was primarily due to volume growth of 7.7 percent and 8.9 percent for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, respectively, the pass through of higher aluminum prices and higher specialty mix, partially offset by currency translation.

Comparable operating earnings for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, were $5 million higher compared to the same periods in 2021, primarily due to volume growth and higher specialty mix, offset by currency translation, the impact of supply chain tightness and inflation across the region.

During the first quarter of 2022, and as a result of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the company announced its intention to suspend future investments in Russia and pursue a sale of its Russian business composed of three manufacturing facilities. The future financial results of the beverage packaging, EMEA segment will be impacted by the disposition of the Russian aluminum beverage packaging business. The company continues to support humanitarian efforts in Ukraine and surrounding European countries. See Note 1and Note 4of these consolidated financial statements for additional discussion of the impacts of the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Beverage Packaging, South America

Three Months Ended June 30,

Six Months Ended June 30,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

2022

2021

Net sales

$

534

$

452

$

1,028

$

939

Comparable operating earnings

52

78

130

171

Comparable operating earnings as a % of segment net sales

10

%

17

%

13

%

18

%

Segment sales for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, were $82 million and $89 million higher, respectively, compared to the same periods in 2021. The increase for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, was primarily due to the pass through of higher aluminum prices and price/mix, offset by volumes decreases of 2.9 percent and 12.7 percent for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, respectively.

Comparable operating earnings for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, were $26 million and $41 million lower, respectively, compared to the same periods in 2021. The decrease for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, was primarily due to a decrease in volume and unfavorable regional customer/product mix in Brazil.

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Aerospace

Three Months Ended June 30,

Six Months Ended June 30,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

2022

2021

Net sales

$

490

$

459

$

994

$

883

Comparable operating earnings

36

34

79

69

Comparable operating earnings as a % of segment net sales

7

%

7

%

8

%

8

%

Segment sales for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, were $31 million and $111 million higher, respectively, compared to the same periods in 2021, and comparable operating earnings for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, were $2 million and $10 million higher, respectively, compared to the same periods in 2021. The higher sales for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, were primarily due to the company's new program wins, partially offset by rate adjustments. The higher earnings for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, were primarily due to the company's new program wins, partially offset by supply chain inefficiencies and rate adjustments.

The aerospace sales contract mix for the six months ended June 30, 2022, consisted of 41 percent cost-type contracts, which are billed at our costs plus an agreed upon and/or earned profit component, and 56 percent fixed-price contracts. The remaining sales were for time and materials contracts. Backlog was $3 billion and $2.5 billion at June 30, 2022, and December 31, 2021, respectively. The backlog at June 30, 2022, consisted of 34 percent cost-type contracts. Comparisons of backlog are not necessarily indicative of the trend of future operations due to the nature of varying delivery and milestone schedules on contracts, timing variances in program funding and the uncertain timing of future contract awards.

Management Performance Measures

Management internally uses various financial measures to evaluate company performance such as comparable operating earnings (earnings before interest, taxes and business consolidation and other non-comparable costs); comparable net earnings (earnings before business consolidation costs and other non-comparable costs after tax); comparable diluted earnings per share (comparable net earnings divided by diluted weighted average shares outstanding); return on average invested capital (net operating earnings after tax over the relevant performance period divided by average invested capital over the same period); economic value added (EVA®) dollars (net operating earnings after tax less a capital charge on average invested capital employed); earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT); earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA); and diluted earnings per share. In addition, management uses operating cash flows as a measure to evaluate the company's liquidity. We believe this information is also useful to investors as it provides insight into the earnings and cash flow criteria management uses to make strategic decisions. These financial measures may be adjusted at times for items that affect comparability between periods, including business consolidation costs and other non-comparable items.

Nonfinancial measures used in the packaging businesses include production efficiency and spoilage rates; quality control figures; environmental, health and safety statistics; production and sales volumes; asset utilization rates and measures of sustainability. Additional measures used to evaluate financial performance in the aerospace segment include contract revenue realization, award and incentive fees realized, proposal win rates and backlog. References to sales volume data represent units shipped.

Many of the above noted financial measurements are presented on a non-U.S. GAAP basis and should be considered in connection with the consolidated financial statements included within Item 1 of this report. Non-U.S. GAAP measures should not be considered in isolation and should not be considered superior to, or a substitute for, financial measures calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP. A presentation of earnings in accordance with U.S. GAAP is available in Item 1of this report.

NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

For information regarding recent accounting pronouncements, see Note 2to the consolidated financial statements included within Item 1 of this report on Form 10-Q.

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FINANCIAL CONDITION, LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Cash Flows and Capital Expenditures

Our primary sources of liquidity are cash provided by operating activities and external borrowings. We believe that cash flows from operating activities and cash provided by short-term, long-term and committed revolver borrowings, when necessary, will be sufficient to meet our ongoing operating requirements, scheduled principal and interest payments on debt, dividend payments, anticipated share repurchases and anticipated capital expenditures. The following table summarizes our cash flows:

Six Months Ended June 30,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

Cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities

$

(398)

$

168

Cash flows provided by (used in) investing activities

(496)

(736)

Cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities

834

(222)

Cash flows used in operating activities were $398 million in 2022, primarily driven by working capital outflows of $983 million, pension contributions of $108 million and a donation of $30 million to The Ball Foundation, partially offset by cash generated from net earnings (loss), excluding gains related to the sale of our remaining equity method investment in Ball Metalpack. In comparison to the same period in 2021, and after adjusting for the impact of capital expenditures, our working capital movements reflect an increase in days sales outstanding of 9 days, an increase in inventory days on hand of 13 days and a decrease in days payable outstanding of 5 days for the six months ending June 30, 2022.

Cash flows used in investing activities were $496 million in 2022 primarily driven by $819 million of capital expenditures, partially offset by $298 million received for the sale of our remaining equity method investment in Ball Metalpack.

Cash flows provided by financing activities were $834 million in 2022 driven primarily by net borrowings of $1.5 billion from our short-term and long-term credit facilities, partially offset by net share purchases of $566 million and common stock dividends of $128 million. See Note 15for further details on the company's borrowings and credit agreement amendment.

We have entered into several regional committed and uncommitted accounts receivable factoring programs with various financial institutions for certain of our receivables. The programs are accounted for as true sales of the receivables, without recourse to Ball, and had combined limits of approximately $2.1 billion and $1.7 billion at June 30, 2022, and December 31, 2021, respectively. A total of $511 million and $308 million were available for sale under such programs as of June 30, 2022, and December 31, 2021, respectively.

Contributions to the company's defined benefit pension plans were $108 million in the first six months of 2022 compared to $167 million in the same period of 2021, and such contributions are expected to be approximately $127 million for the full year of 2022. This estimate may change based on changes to the U.S. Pension Protection Act and actual returns achieved on plan assets, among other factors.

The company has approximately $1.5 billion of capital expenditures for property, plant and equipment contractually

committed as of June 30, 2022, and intends to return approximately $1.0 billion to shareholders in the form of share repurchases and dividends.

As of June 30, 2022, approximately $425 million of our cash was held outside of the U.S. In the event we need to utilize any of the cash held outside the U.S. for purposes within the U.S., there are no material legal or other economic restrictions regarding the repatriation of cash from any of the countries outside the U.S. where we have cash. Management believes the company's U.S. operating cash flows and cash on hand, together with its availability under long-term, revolving credit facilities, uncommitted short-term credit facilities and committed and uncommitted accounts receivable factoring programs, will be sufficient to meet the cash requirements of the U.S. portion of our ongoing operations, scheduled principal and interest payments on U.S. debt, dividend payments, capital expenditures and other U.S. cash requirements. If non-U.S. funds are needed for our U.S. cash requirements and we are unable to provide the funds through intercompany financing arrangements, we would be required to repatriate funds from non-U.S. locations where the company has previously asserted indefinite reinvestment of funds outside the U.S.

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Based on its indefinite reinvestment assertion, the company has not provided deferred taxes on earnings in certain non-U.S. subsidiaries because such earnings are intended to be indefinitely reinvested in its international operations. It is not practical to estimate the additional taxes that may become payable if these earnings were remitted to the U.S.

Share Repurchases

The company's share repurchases, net of issuances, totaled $566 million during the six months ended June 30, 2022, compared to $128 million of repurchases, net of issuances, during the same period of 2021. The company's share repurchases are completed using cash on hand, cash provided by operating activities and available borrowings.

In the second quarter of 2022, in a privately negotiated transaction, Ball entered into an accelerated share repurchase agreement to buy $300 million of its common shares using cash on hand and available borrowings. The company paid the $300 million in May 2022, and received 3.45 million shares, which represented approximately 80 percent of the total shares. The company received an additional approximately 662,000 shares during June 2022, and the average price per share paid under this agreement as of June 30, 2022, was $69.25. The remaining shares settled during the third quarter of 2022 and the final per share price paid by Ball under this agreement was $69.06 for a total of 4.34 million shares.

Debt Facilities and Refinancing

Given our cash flow projections and unused credit facilities that are available until June 2027, our liquidity is strong and is expected to meet our ongoing cash and debt service requirements. Total interest-bearing debt of $9.1 billion and $7.8 billion was outstanding at June 30, 2022, and December 31, 2021, respectively.

In the second quarter of 2022, the company completed the closing of its new revolving and term loan senior secured credit facilities that refinance its existing senior secured credit facilities entered into in 2019. The company's senior credit facilities include long-term multi-currency revolving facilities that mature in June 2027, which provide the company with up to the U.S. dollar equivalent of $1.75 billion. At June 30, 2022, taking into account outstanding letters of credit, $1.14 billion was available under the company's long-term, revolving credit facilities. In addition to these facilities, the company had approximately $1 billion of short-term uncommitted credit facilities available at June 30, 2022, of which $233 million was outstanding and due on demand. At December 31, 2021, the company had $12 million outstanding under short-term uncommitted credit facilities.

While ongoing financial and economic conditions in certain areas may raise concerns about credit risk with counterparties to derivative transactions, the company mitigates its exposure by allocating the risk among various counterparties and limiting exposure to any one party. We also monitor the credit ratings of our suppliers, customers, lenders and counterparties on a regular basis.

Some of Ball's agreements use LIBOR in determining interest rates. The company is currently evaluating the impact that the transition from its LIBOR-based interest rate agreements to SOFR-based interest rate agreements will have on its consolidated financial statements. Based on our current understanding, the LIBOR to SOFR transition is not expected to have a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

We were in compliance with all loan agreements at June 30, 2022, and we have met all debt payment obligations. The U.S. note agreements and bank credit agreement contain certain restrictions relating to dividends, investments, financial ratios, guarantees and the incurrence of additional indebtedness. The most restrictive of our debt covenants requires us to maintain a leverage ratio (as defined) of no greater than 5.0 times, which will change to 4.5 times as of September 30, 2025. As of June 30, 2022, the company could borrow up to its limits available under the company's long-term multi-currency committed revolving facilities and short-term uncommitted credit facilities without violating our existing debt covenants. Additional details regarding our debt are available in Note 15accompanying the consolidated financial statements within Item 1 of this report.

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CONTINGENCIES, INDEMNIFICATIONS AND GUARANTEES

Details about the company's contingencies, indemnifications and guarantees are available in Note 21and Note 22accompanying the consolidated financial statements included within Item 1of this report. The company is routinely subject to litigation incidental to operating its businesses and has been designated by various federal and state environmental agencies as a potentially responsible party, along with numerous other companies, for the clean-up of several hazardous waste sites, including in respect of sites related to alleged activities of certain former Rexam subsidiaries. The company believes the matters identified will not have a material adverse effect upon its liquidity, results of operations or financial condition.

Guaranteed Securities

The company's senior notes are guaranteed on a full and unconditional, joint and several bases by the issuer of the company's senior notes and the subsidiaries that guarantee the notes (the obligor group). The entities that comprise the obligor group are 100 percent owned by the company. As described in the supplemental indentures governing the company's existing senior notes, the senior notes are guaranteed by any of the company's domestic subsidiaries that guarantee any other indebtedness of the company.

The following summarized financial information relates to the obligor group as of June 30, 2022, and December 31, 2021. Intercompany transactions, equity investments and other intercompany activity between obligor group subsidiaries have been eliminated from the summarized financial information. Investments in subsidiaries not forming part of the obligor group have also been eliminated.

Six Months Ended

Year Ended

($ in millions)

June 30, 2022

December 31, 2021

Net sales

$

4,994

$

8,083

Gross profit (a)

508

910

Net earnings (loss)

497

432

Net earnings (loss) attributable to Ball Corporation

497

432

(a) Gross profit is shown after depreciation and amortization related to cost of sales of $131 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022, and $210 million for the year ended December 31, 2021.

For the six months ended June 30, 2022, and the year ended December 31, 2021, the obligor group recorded the following transactions with other subsidiary companies: sales to them of $732 million and $803 million, respectively, net credits from them of $13 million and $18 million, respectively, and net interest income from them of $165 million and $337 million, respectively. The obligor group received dividends from other subsidiary companies of $18 million and $269 million, during the six months ended June 30, 2022, and the year ended December 31, 2021, respectively.

June 30,

December 31,

($ in millions)

2022

2021

Current assets

$

3,364

$

2,575

Noncurrent assets

15,621

14,818

Current liabilities

5,716

5,067

Noncurrent liabilities

12,093

10,989

Included in the amounts disclosed in the tables above, at June 30, 2022, and December 31, 2021, the obligor group held receivables due from other subsidiary companies of $869 million and $436 million, respectively, long-term notes receivable due from other subsidiary companies of $9.7 billion and $9.2 billion, respectively, payables due to other subsidiary companies of $2.3 billion and $2 billion, respectively, and long-term notes payable due to other subsidiary companies of $2.1 billion and $2 billion, respectively.

A description of the terms and conditions of the company's debt guarantees is located in Note 22of Item 1 of this report.

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Item 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

In the ordinary course of business, the company employs established risk management policies and procedures, which seek to reduce our exposure to fluctuations in commodity prices, interest rates, exchange currencies and prices of the company's common stock in regard to common share repurchases and the company's deferred compensation stock plan, although there can be no assurance that these policies and procedures will be successful. The company mitigates its exposure by spreading the risk among various counterparties, thus limiting exposure with any one party. The company also monitors the credit ratings of its suppliers, customers, lenders and counterparties on a regular basis. Further details are available in Item 7A within Ball's 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on February 16, 2022, and in Note 20accompanying the consolidated financial statements included within Item 1 of this report.

Item 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Our chief executive officer and chief financial officer participated in management's evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined by the SEC, as of the end of the period covered by this report and concluded that our controls and procedures were effective. There were no changes to internal controls during the company's second quarter of 2022 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This report contains "forward-looking" statements concerning future events and financial performance. Words such as "expects," "anticipates," "estimates," "believes," and similar expressions typically identify forward-looking statements, which are generally any statements other than statements of historical fact. Such statements are based on current expectations or views of the future and are subject to risks and uncertainties, which could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those expressed or implied. You should therefore not place undue reliance upon any forward-looking statements and they should be read in conjunction with, and qualified in their entirety by, the cautionary statements referenced below. The company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Key factors, risks and uncertainties that could cause actual outcomes and results to be different are summarized in filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including Exhibit 99 in our Form 10-K, which are available on our website and at www.sec.gov. Additional factors that might affect: a) our packaging segments include product capacity, supply, and demand constraints and fluctuations and changes in consumption patterns; availability/cost of raw materials, equipment, and logistics; competitive packaging, pricing and substitution; changes in climate and weather; footprint adjustments and other manufacturing changes, including the startup of new facilities and lines; failure to achieve synergies, productivity improvements or cost reductions; unfavorable mandatory deposit or packaging laws; customer and supplier consolidation; power and supply chain interruptions; changes in major customer or supplier contracts or loss of a major customer or supplier; inability to pass through increased costs; war, political instability and sanctions, including relating to the situation in Russia and Ukraine and its impact on our supply chain and our ability to operate in Russia and the EMEA region generally; changes in foreign exchange or tax rates; and tariffs, trade actions, or other governmental actions, including business restrictions and shelter-in-place orders in any country or jurisdiction affecting goods produced by us or in our supply chain, including imported raw materials; b) our aerospace segment include funding, authorization, availability and returns of government and commercial contracts; and delays, extensions and technical uncertainties affecting segment contracts; c) the company as a whole include those listed above plus: the extent to which sustainability-related opportunities arise and can be capitalized upon; changes in senior management, succession, and the ability to attract and retain skilled labor; regulatory actions or issues including those related to tax, ESG reporting, competition, environmental, health and workplace safety, including U.S. FDA and other actions or public concerns affecting products filled in our containers, or chemicals or substances used in raw materials or in the manufacturing process; technological developments and innovations; the ability to manage cyber threats; litigation; strikes; disease; pandemic; labor cost changes; inflation; rates of return on assets of the company's defined benefit retirement plans; pension changes; uncertainties surrounding geopolitical events and governmental policies, including policies, orders, and actions related to COVID-19; reduced cash flow; interest rates affecting our debt; and successful or unsuccessful joint ventures, acquisitions and divestitures, including the announced sale of our Russian business, and their effects on our operating results and business generally.

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

There were no events required to be reported under Item 1for the three months ended June 30, 2022, except as discussed in Note 21to the consolidated financial statements included within Part I, Item 1 of this report.

Item 2. Changes in Securities

The following table summarizes the company's repurchases of its common stock during the second quarter of 2022.

Purchases of Securities

($ in millions)

Total

Number of

Shares

Purchased

(a)

Average
Price
Paid per
Share

Total Number of
Shares Purchased as
Part of Publicly
Announced Plans or
Programs (a)

Maximum Number of
Shares that May Yet
Be Purchased Under
the Plans or Programs
(b)

April 1 to April 30, 2022

1,089,586

$

85.30

1,089,586

25,803,591

May 1 to May 31, 2022

4,564,534

70.78

4,564,534

21,239,057

June 1 to June 30, 2022

661,569

69.18

661,569

20,577,488

Total

6,315,689

73.12

6,315,689

(a) Includes open market purchases (on a trade-date basis), share repurchase agreements and/or shares retained by the company to settle employee withholding tax liabilities.
(b) The company has an ongoing repurchase program for which 50 million shares were authorized for repurchase by Ball's Board of Directors.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

There were no events required to be reported under Item 3 for the three months ended June 30, 2022.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information

There were no events required to be reported under Item 5 for the three months ended June 30, 2022.

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Item 6. Exhibits

12

Obligor group subsidiaries of Ball Corporation

31.1

Certification pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) by Dan W. Fisher, Chief Executive Officer of Ball Corporation.

31.2

Certification pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) by Scott C. Morrison, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Ball Corporation.

32.1

Certification pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b) or Rule 15d-14(b) and Section 1350 of Chapter 63 of Title 18 of the United States Code by Dan W. Fisher, Chief Executive Officer of Ball Corporation.