After flagging likely layoffs in November, Montreal-based Bombardier announced further cost-cutting efforts to generate $400 million in recurring savings by 2023 and improve earnings this year while increasing its aftermarket business.
"We view 2021 as a transition year," Chief Executive Éric Martel told analysts.
The layoffs include 800 people in Canada, mostly in Quebec, and 250 in Wichita where Learjet is made, Martel later told reporters.
Bombardier, which had previously planned to break even on free cash flow in 2020, now expects to turn cash flow-positive between 2021 and 2023.
The company's shares were down 11% to C$0.65 per share in midday Toronto trading.
Bombardier has shed assets in recent years, transforming itself from plane and train maker to business jet manufacturer, to restore profitability and cut debt after facing a cash crunch in 2015.
In 2021, the company expects business jet deliveries in line with 2020, modest revenue growth, and adjusted EBITDA of more than $500 million, as it winds down production of the low-selling Learjet later in the year to focus on more profitable Challenger and Global jet models.
Analysts on average estimated 2021 adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) to be $661.3 million, according to Refinitiv IBES data.
Ahead of its March 4 investor day, Bombardier cited cost improvements on the Global 7500 jet and its growing service business as key earnings drivers.
Bombardier reported a 19.7% fall in business jet deliveries to 114 in 2020, in line with industry trends. But 2020 revenues from corporate aircraft activities rose 3%, helped by year-end deliveries of Global 7500 jets and a rebound in demand.
Bombardier reported 2020 free cash-flow usage from continuing operations of $1.9 billion, but expects to reduce cash burn in 2021 to better than $500 million.
The company said it now has pro forma cash and cash equivalents of about $5.4 billion, including proceeds from the sale of its transportation unit, and a pro forma net debt of about $4.7 billion.
Bombardier reported an adjusted loss before interest and taxes of $165 million for the quarter ended Dec. 31, compared with a profit of $168 million a year earlier.
(Reporting by Shreyasee Raj in Bengaluru and Allison Lampert in Montreal; Editing by Alexandra Hudson, Jonathan Oatis and Bernadette Baum)