The maker of Cartier jewellery and IWC watches also failed to report any meaningful progress in long-running talks that could see it relinquish ownership of its loss-making online retail business YOOX Net-a-Porter (YNAP).
The world's second biggest luxury group said lockdowns in China were weighing on its results, with 40% of its retail network currently closed, while supply chain problems and rising interest rates clouded prospects for growth in the United States.
Contrary to many executives in the industry who are hopeful of a swift rebound in China once the new round of COVID restrictions end, Chairman Johann Rupert said he thought the Chinese economy would suffer more than many anticipate.
"Even when China comes out of isolation, the bounce back will not be as quick, it will not be a triple digit bounce back," Rupert said.
Harry Barnick, senior analyst at Third Bridge said China's restrictions were limiting growth in a market accounting for roughly 25% of Richemont's sales.
"With shops shuttered in key markets such as Shanghai and customers unwilling to spend on luxury goods in other cities, the country which electrified 2021 luxury goods consumption could dampen Richemont's global outlook in 2022."
Net profit rose 61% to 2.08 billion euros ($2.20 billion), lagging an average estimate of 2.75 billion in a Refinitiv poll, while sales rose 44% in constant currencies in the year ended March 31.
The results marked "the first meaningful miss on profits in luxury", Goldman Sachs analysts said. The miss was partly due to losses for suspending activities in Russia.
The group said talks with an unspecified number of players to create a joint online platform were complex but should be concluded "in the near future".
"We are in talks with a number of partners, and the talks are going well," Rupert told reporters, without mentioning any names.
Richemont said in November it was in talks with online retailer Farfetch about selling a minority stake in YNAP while also trying to attract other investors to ultimately turn YNAP into a neutral platform with no controlling shareholder.
Richemont shares fell 11.6% in early trading, dragging down the whole luxury sector. They have lost almost 23% this year.
"The no deal with Farfetch will hang as a Damocles sword," Vontobel analysts said.
($1 = 0.9451 euros)
(Reporting by Silke Koltrowitz, editing by John Revill)
By Silke Koltrowitz and Silvia Aloisi