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    COWN   US2236226062


Real-time Estimate Cboe BZX  -  12:40 2022-11-29 pm EST
38.73 USD   -0.01%
11/15Cowen Inc. : Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders, Other Events, Financial Statements and Exhibits (form 8-K)
11/15Cowen Group's Shareholders Approve Acquisition by TD Bank Group
11/15Cowen Stockholders Approve Acquisition by TD Bank Group
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COWEN INC. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (form 10-Q)

08/03/2022 | 04:46pm EST
The discussion contains forward-looking statements, which involve numerous
risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, those described in the
sections titled "Risk Factors" in Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for
the year ended December 31, 2021 (the "2021 Form 10-K") and in Item 1A of this
Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, many of which risks are currently elevated by,
and may or will continue to be elevated by, the COVID-19 pandemic. This
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of
Operations should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated
financial statements and related notes of Cowen Inc. included elsewhere in this
quarterly report. Actual results may differ materially from those contained in
any forward-looking statements.


Cowen Inc., a Delaware corporation formed in 2009, is a diversified financial
services firm that, together with its consolidated subsidiaries (collectively,
"Cowen" or the "Company"), provides investment banking, research, sales and
trading, prime brokerage, global clearing, securities financing, commission
management services and investment management through its two business segments:
the Operating Company ("Op Co") and the Asset Company ("Asset Co").

Operating Company

The Op Co segment consists of four divisions: the Cowen Investment Management
("CIM") division, the Investment Banking division, the Markets division (which
includes sales and trading, prime brokerage, global clearing, securities
financing and commission management services) and the Research division. The
Company refers to the Investment Banking division, the Markets division and the
Research division collectively as its investment banking businesses. Op Co's CIM
division includes advisers to investment funds (including private equity
structures and privately placed hedge funds), and registered funds. Op Co's
investment banking businesses offer industry focused investment banking for
growth-oriented companies including advisory and global capital markets
origination, domain knowledge-driven research, sales and trading platforms for
institutional investors, global clearing, commission management services and
also a comprehensive suite of prime brokerage services.

The CIM division is the Company's investment management business, which operates
primarily under the Cowen Investment Management name. CIM offers innovative
investment products and solutions across the liquidity spectrum to institutional
and private clients. The predecessor to this business was founded in 1994 and,
through one of its subsidiaries, has been registered with the SEC as an
investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended (the
"Advisers Act") since 1997. The Company's investment management business offers
investors access to a number of strategies to meet their specific needs
including healthcare investing, sustainable investing, healthcare royalties,
merger arbitrage and activism. A portion of the Company's capital is invested
alongside the Company's investment management clients. The Company has also
invested capital in its insurance and reinsurance businesses.

Op Co's investment banking businesses include investment banking, research,
sales and trading, prime brokerage, global clearing, securities financing and
commission management services provided primarily to companies and institutional
investor clients. Sectors covered by Op Co's investment banking business include
healthcare, technology, media and telecommunications, consumer, industrials,
tech-enabled and business services, and energy. We provide research and
brokerage services to over 6,000 domestic and international clients seeking to
trade securities and other financial instruments, principally in our sectors.
The investment banking businesses also offer a full-service suite of introduced
prime brokerage services targeting emerging private fund managers. Historically,
we have focused our investment banking efforts on small to mid-capitalization
public companies as well as private companies. From time to time, the Company
invests in private capital raising transactions of its investment banking

Asset Company

The Asset Co segment consists of the Company's private investments, private real
estate investments and other legacy investment strategies. The focus of Asset Co
is to drive future monetization of the invested capital of the segment.

Certain Factors Impacting Our Business

Our Company's businesses and results of operations are impacted by the following factors:

•Underwriting, private placement and strategic/financial advisory fees. Our
revenues from investment banking are directly linked to the underwriting fees we
earn in equity and debt securities offerings in which the Company acts as an
underwriter, private placement fees earned in non-underwritten transactions,
sales commissions earned in at-the-market offerings and success fees earned in
connection with advising both buyers and sellers, principally in mergers and
acquisitions. As a result, the future performance of our investment banking
business will depend on, among other things, our ability to secure lead manager
and co-manager roles in clients' capital raising transactions as well as our
ability to secure mandates as a client's strategic financial advisor.



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•Liquidity.  As a clearing broker-dealer in the U.S., we are subject to cash
deposit requirements with clearing organizations, brokers and banks that may be
large in relation to our total liquid assets.

•Equity research fees. Equity research fees are paid to the Company for
providing access to equity research. The Company also permits institutional
customers to allocate a portion of their commissions to pay for research
products and other services provided by third parties. Our ability to generate
revenues relating to our equity research depends on the quality of our research
and its relevance to our institutional customers and other clients.

•Principal transactions. Principal transactions revenue includes net trading
gains and losses from the Company's market-making activities and net trading
gains and losses on inventory and other Company positions. In certain cases, the
Company provides liquidity to clients buying or selling blocks of shares of
listed stocks without previously identifying the other side of the trade at
execution, which subjects the Company to market risk.

•Commissions. Our commission revenues depend for the most part on our customers'
trading volumes and on the notional value of the non-U.S. securities traded by
our customers.

•Investment performance. Our revenues from incentive income and carried interest
allocations are linked to the performance of the investment funds and accounts
that we manage. Performance also affects assets under management because it
influences investors' decisions to invest assets in, or withdraw assets from,
the investment funds and accounts managed by us.

•Fee and allocation rates. Our management fee revenues are linked to the
management fee rates we charge as a percentage of contributed and invested
capital. Our incentive income revenues are linked to the rates we charge as a
percentage of performance-driven asset growth. Our incentive allocations are
generally subject to "high-water marks," whereby incentive income is generally
earned by us only to the extent that the net asset value of an investment fund
at the end of a measurement period exceeds the highest net asset value as of the
end of the earlier measurement period for which we earned incentive income. Our
incentive allocations, in some cases, are subject to performance hurdles.
Additionally, our revenues from management fees are directly linked to assets
under management. Positive performance in our legacy funds increases assets
under management which results in higher management fees.

•Investment performance of our own capital.  We invest our own capital and the
performance of such invested capital affects our revenues.  Investment income in
the investment bank business includes gains and losses generated by the capital
the Company invests in private capital raising transactions of its investment
banking clients.  Our revenues from investment income are linked to the
performance of the underlying investments.

External Factors Impacting Our Business

Our financial performance is highly dependent on the environment in which our
businesses operate. We believe a favorable business environment is characterized
by many factors, including a stable geopolitical climate, transparent financial
markets, low inflation, low interest rates, low unemployment, strong business
profitability and high business and investor confidence. Unfavorable or
uncertain economic or market conditions can be caused by declines in economic
growth, business activity or investor or business confidence, limitations on the
availability (or increases in the cost of) credit and capital, increases in
inflation or interest rates, exchange rate volatility, unfavorable global asset
allocation trends, outbreaks of hostilities or other geopolitical instability,
such as the ongoing war in Ukraine, corporate, political or other scandals that
reduce investor confidence in the capital markets, global health crisis, such as
the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, or a combination of these or other factors. Until
the COVID-19 pandemic subsides, we could experience reduced levels in certain of
our investment banking activities, reduced revenues from incentive income in our
investment management business and reduced investment income. Our businesses and
profitability have been and may continue to be adversely affected by market
conditions in many ways, including the following:

•Our investment bank business has been, and may continue to be, adversely
affected by market conditions. Increased competition continues to affect our
investment banking and capital markets businesses. The same factors also affect
trading volumes in secondary financial markets, which affect our brokerage
business. Commission rates, market volatility, increased competition from larger
financial firms and other factors also affect our brokerage revenues and may
cause these revenues to vary from period to period.

•Our investment management business can be adversely affected by unanticipated
levels of requested redemptions. We experienced significant levels of requested
redemptions during the 2008 financial crisis and, while the environment for
investing in investment management products has since improved, it is possible
that we could intermittently experience redemptions above historical levels,
regardless of investment fund performance.

•Our investment bank business focuses primarily on small to mid-capitalization
and private companies in specific industry sectors. These sectors may experience
growth or downturns independent of general economic and market conditions, or
may face market conditions that are disproportionately better or worse than
those impacting the economy and markets generally. In addition, increased
government regulation has had, and may continue to have, a disproportionate
effect on



Table of Contents

capital formation by smaller companies. Therefore, our investment bank business could be affected differently than overall market trends.

•The Federal Reserve ("FED") has announced its intention to increase the Federal
Funds Rate over future periods and began this process by increasing the FED
Funds Rate by 25bps in March 2022, 50 bps in May and 75 bps in June. As a result
of the risk of continued inflation, it is likely that interest rates across the
spectrum will continue increasing from the record low levels of recent years.
These changes in policy are intended to reduce inflation and are likely to also
reduce economic activity possibly leading to a recession. In the event the U.S.
economy enters a period of economic recession, during such period our investment
banking revenues could be depressed, fund raising for our investment management
business could be impaired with low or no incentive fee accruals and our balance
sheet investments could decrease in value. While our markets business might not
be adversely affected by an economic recession, our overall our results of
operation could be negatively affected during such period.

Our businesses, by their nature, do not produce predictable earnings. Our results in any period can be materially affected by conditions in global financial markets and economic conditions generally. We are also subject to various legal and regulatory actions that impact our business and financial results.

Recent Developments

On August 2, 2022, the Company, The Toronto-Dominion Bank, a Canadian chartered
bank ("TD"), and Crimson Holdings Acquisition Co., a Delaware corporation and an
indirect wholly owned subsidiary of TD ("Merger Sub"), entered into an Agreement
and Plan of Merger (the "Merger Agreement") pursuant to which, upon the terms
and subject to the conditions set forth therein, Merger Sub will be merged with
and into the Company (the "Merger"), with the Company surviving the merger as a
wholly-owned subsidiary of TD.

The Board of Directors of the Company determined that it is in the best
interests of the Company and its stockholders to consummate the transactions
provided for in the Merger Agreement and, in furtherance thereof, adopted the
Merger Agreement and approved the transactions contemplated thereby (including
the Merger), and resolved to submit the Merger Agreement to the holders of the
Class A common stock of the Company for adoption and to recommend that the
holders of Class A common stock of the Company adopt the Merger Agreement and
approve the transactions contemplated thereby (including the Merger).

Completion of the Merger is subject to customary closing conditions, including
the adoption of the Merger Agreement and approval of the transactions
contemplated thereby (including the Merger) by the affirmative vote of a
majority of the vote by the holders of Class A common stock of the Company, and
obtaining the Requisite Regulatory Approvals (as defined in the Merger
Agreement) required to be obtained to consummate the transactions contemplated
thereby (including the Merger) from the relevant U.S., Canadian and foreign
regulatory authorities. Upon completion of the Merger, TD will become the owner
of all the Company's outstanding shares of Class A common stock, the Company
will become a private company and the shares of Class A common stock of the
Company will no longer be publicly listed or traded on the Nasdaq Global Market.

Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, at the effective time of the Merger (the
"Effective Time") each share of Class A common stock of the Company and each
share of Class B common stock of the Company issued and outstanding immediately
prior to the Effective Time, (other than Exception Shares (as defined in the
Merger Agreement)) will be converted into the right to receive an amount in cash
equal to $39 per share (representing approximately $1.3 billion in the
aggregate), payable to the holder thereof, without interest.

Pursuant to rules adopted by the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as amended (the "Exchange Act"), the Company will prepare and file with the SEC, and thereafter mail to its stockholders, a Schedule 14A Proxy Statement where you can find additional information about the Merger.

Basis of Presentation

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company in this
Form 10-Q are prepared in accordance with US GAAP as promulgated by the
Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") through Accounting Standards
Codification (the "Accounting Standards") as the source of authoritative
accounting principles in the preparation of financial statements and include the
accounts of the Company, its subsidiaries, and entities in which the Company has
a controlling financial interest or a substantive, controlling general partner
interest. All material intercompany transactions and balances have been
eliminated in consolidation. Certain fund entities that are consolidated in the
condensed consolidated financial statements, are not subject to these
consolidation provisions with respect to their own investments pursuant to their
specialized accounting.

The Company serves as the managing member/general partner and/or investment
manager to affiliated fund entities which it sponsors and manages. Certain of
these funds in which the Company has a substantive, controlling general partner
interest are consolidated with the Company pursuant to US GAAP as described
below (the "Consolidated Funds"). Consequently, the Company's condensed
consolidated financial statements reflect the assets, liabilities, income and
expenses of these funds on a gross basis. The ownership interests in these funds
which are not owned by the Company are reflected as redeemable and
non-redeemable non-controlling interests in consolidated subsidiaries in the
condensed consolidated financial statements appearing



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elsewhere in this Form 10-Q. The management fees and incentive income earned by the Company from these funds are eliminated in consolidation.


On June 1, 2022, the Company completed its acquisition of Kelvin Re Limited
("Kelvin") by acquiring all of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares in
Kelvin from CS IRIS A Fund Limited. Kelvin is a general reinsurance company
incorporated and domiciled in Guernsey whose principal activity was the
provision of property and natural catastrophe reinsurance business. In December
2020, Kelvin ceased underwriting new business and has been operating as a
run-off entity. Cowen acquired Kelvin to manage the outstanding reinsurance
claims arising from its existing portfolio.


The Company's expenses consist of compensation and benefits, insurance and reinsurance costs, general, administrative and other, and Consolidated Funds expenses.

•Compensation and Benefits. Compensation and benefits is comprised of salaries,
benefits, discretionary cash bonuses and equity-based compensation. Annual
incentive compensation is variable, and the amount paid is generally based on a
combination of employees' performance, their contribution to their business
segment, and the Company's performance. Generally, compensation and benefits
comprise a significant portion of total expenses, with annual incentive
compensation comprising a significant portion of total compensation and benefits

•Insurance and Reinsurance claims, commissions and amortization of deferred
acquisition costs. Insurance and reinsurance-related expenses reflect loss and
claim reserves, acquisition costs and other expenses incurred with respect to
our insurance and reinsurance operations.

•Operating, General and Administrative. General, administrative and other
expenses are primarily related to professional services, occupancy and
equipment, business development expenses, communications, expenses associated
with our reinsurance business and other miscellaneous expenses. These expenses
may also include certain one-time charges and non-cash expenses.

•Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization is comprised of
depreciation expense for tangible assets and the amortization of intangible
assets. The depreciation of assets capitalized under finance leases is included
in depreciation and amortization expenses as well.

•Consolidated Funds Expenses. The Company's condensed consolidated financial statements reflect the expenses of the Consolidated Funds and the portion attributable to other investors is allocated to a non-controlling interest.

Income Taxes

The taxable results of the Company's U.S. operations are subject to U.S. federal, state and local taxation as a corporation. The Company is also subject to foreign taxation on income it generates in certain countries.

The Company records deferred tax assets and liabilities for the future tax
benefit or expense that will result from differences between the carrying value
of its assets for income tax purposes and for financial reporting purposes, as
well as for operating or capital loss and tax credit carryovers. A valuation
allowance is recorded to bring the net deferred tax assets to a level that, in
management's view, is more likely than not to be realized in the foreseeable
future. This level will be estimated based on a number of factors, especially
the amount of net deferred tax assets of the Company that are actually expected
to be realized, for tax purposes, in the foreseeable future. Deferred tax
liabilities that cannot be realized in a similar future time period and thus
that cannot offset the Company's deferred tax assets are not taken into account
when calculating the Company's net deferred tax assets.

Temporary Equity

Temporary equity consists of Redeemable 5.625% Series A cumulative perpetual
convertible preferred stock ("Series A Convertible Preferred Stock"). The
Company has irrevocably elected to cash settle $1,000.00 of each conversion of
any share of the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock. As the holders can
exercise the conversion option on their shares of Series A Convertible Preferred
Stock at any time and require cash payment upon conversion, the Company has
classified the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock preferred stock in temporary

Non-Redeemable Non-Controlling Interests

Non-controlling interests represent the pro rata share of the income or loss of
the non-wholly owned consolidated entities attributable to the other owners of
such entities. When non-controlling interest holders do not have redemption
features that can be exercised at the option of the holder currently or
contingent upon the occurrence of future events, their ownership has been
classified as a component of permanent equity. Ownership which has been
classified in permanent equity are non-controlling interests for which the
holder does not have the unilateral right to redeem its ownership interests.



Table of Contents

Investment Fund Performance and Assets Under Management

For the six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company's activist strategy had
negative results but outperformed its benchmark while its merger arbitrage
strategies had negative results in a volatile market. The Company's healthcare
royalty strategy is now making allocations from the strategy's fourth fund. The
Company's healthcare investments strategy is now deploying capital from its
fourth fund. Finally, our sustainable investing strategy continues to deploy
capital, with three investments made as of June 30, 2022. The liquidation of
certain multi-strategy hedge funds advised by the Company also continues.

As of June 30, 2022, the Company had assets under management of $14.7 billion.

      Strategy               Healthcare Investments           Healthcare Royalties             Activism              Merger Arbitrage           Sustainable Investments            Other (a)
                                                                                                   (dollars in millions)
AUM                                  $1,047                          $3,425                     $7,551                     $267                          $1,274                      $1,162
Private Equity                         ü                               ü                                                                                   ü
Hedge Fund                                                                                        ü                         ü
Managed Account                                                        ü                          ü                         ü                              ü
UCITS                                                                                                                       ü
Other                                                                                                                                                                                  ü

(a) Other strategies include legacy funds and other private investment strategies.

The Company's Invested Capital

The Company invests a significant portion of its capital base to help drive
results and facilitate the growth of the Op Co and Asset Co business segments.
Within Op Co, management allocates capital to three primary investment
categories: (i) broker-dealer capital and related trading strategies;
(ii) liquid alternative trading strategies; and (iii) public and private
healthcare strategies. Broker-dealer capital and related trading strategies
include capital investments in the Company's broker-dealers as well as
securities finance and special purpose acquisition company trading strategies to
grow liquidity and returns within operating businesses.  Much of the Company's
public and private healthcare strategies and liquid alternative trading
strategies portfolios are invested alongside the Company's investment management
clients. The Company's liquid alternative trading strategies include merger
arbitrage and activist fund strategies. In addition, from time to time, the
Company makes investments in private capital raising transactions of its
investment banking clients.

The Company allocates capital to Asset Co's private investments. Asset Co's private investments include the Company's investment in Italian wireless broadband provider Linkem, private equity funds Formation8 and Eclipse and legacy real estate investments.

As of June 30, 2022, the Company's invested capital amounted to a net value of
$861.2 million (supporting a long market value of $751.8 million), representing
approximately 82% of Cowen's stockholders' equity presented in accordance with
US GAAP. The table below presents the Company's invested equity capital by
strategy and as a percentage of Cowen's stockholders' equity as of June 30,
2022. The total net values presented in the table below do not tie to Cowen's
condensed consolidated statement of financial condition as of June 30, 2022
because they represent only some of the line items in the accompanying condensed
consolidated statement of financial condition.



Table of Contents

Strategy                                              Net Value             

% of Stockholders' Equity

                                                (dollars in millions)

Op Co

   Broker-dealer capital and related trading  $                 644.0                            61%
   Public and Private Healthcare                                 25.5                             2%
   Liquid Alternative Trading                                    64.5                             6%
   Other                                                         11.7                             1%
Asset Co
   Private Investments                                          115.5                            11%

Total                                                           861.2                            82%
Cowen Inc. Stockholders' Equity               $               1,047.2

The allocations shown in the table above will change over time.

Results of Operations

To provide comparative information of the Company's operating results for the
periods presented, a discussion of Economic Income (Loss) (which is a non-GAAP
measure) of our Op Co and Asset Co segments follows the discussion of our total
consolidated US GAAP results.


Table of Contents Three Months Ended June 30, 2022 Compared with Three Months Ended June 30, 2021

© Edgar Online, source Glimpses

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