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MarketScreener Homepage  >  Equities  >  Nyse MKT  >  EVI Industries, Inc.    EVI

EVI INDUSTRIES, INC.

(EVI)
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EVI INDUSTRIES : Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. (form 10-K)

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09/14/2020 | 05:17pm EDT

General

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto contained in Item 8 of this Report. See also "Forward Looking Statements" preceding Part I, Item 1 of this Report.

Overview

The Company, through its wholly-owned subsidiaries, is a value-added distributor, and provides advisory and technical services. Through its vast sales organization, the Company provides its customers with planning, designing, and consulting services related to their commercial laundry operations. The Company sells and/or leases its customers commercial laundry equipment, specializing in washing, drying, finishing, material handling, water heating, power generation, and water reuse applications. In support of the suite of products it offers, the Company sells related parts and accessories. Additionally, through the Company's robust network of commercial laundry technicians, the Company provides its customers with installation, maintenance, and repair services.

The Company's customers include government, institutional, industrial, commercial and retail customers. Product purchases made by customers range from parts and accessories, to single or multiple units of equipment, to large complex systems. The Company also provides its customers with the services described above.

Prior to the completion of the Company's first acquisition pursuant to its "buy-and-build" growth strategy in October 2016, the Company's operations related to the activities described above consisted solely of the business and operations of Steiner-Atlantic Corp. ("Steiner-Atlantic"), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. Beginning in 2015, the Company implemented a "buy-and-build" growth strategy which includes (i) the consideration and pursuit of acquisitions and other strategic transactions which management believes may complement the Company's existing business or otherwise offer growth opportunities for, or benefit, the Company and (ii) the implementation of a growth culture at acquired businesses based on the exchange of ideas and business concepts among the management teams of the Company and the acquired businesses as well as through certain additional initiatives, which may include investments in new locations, additional product lines, expanded service capabilities and advanced technologies. See "Buy-and-Build Growth Strategy" below and in Part I, Item 1 of this Report for additional information regarding the Company's "buy-and-build" growth strategy, including information regarding acquisitions consummated by the Company since its implementation of the "buy-and-build" growth strategy in 2015.

The Company reports its results of operations through a single reportable segment.

Total revenues for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020 ("fiscal 2020") increased by 3% compared to the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019 ("fiscal 2019"). The increase in revenues during fiscal 2020 are attributable to a combination of increases in revenues at certain of the Company's legacy businesses and the revenues generated by the businesses acquired by the Company during fiscal 2020, including Professional Laundry Systems, LLC, which was acquired during August 2019, and Large Equipment, Inc. (d/b/a Laundry Systems of Tennessee) and TN Ozone, Inc. (d/b/a Premier Laundry Solutions and Premier Equipment Rental) (collectively "Laundry Systems of Tennessee"), which were acquired during January 2020. The increase in revenues was also attributable to the revenues of businesses acquired by the Company during fiscal 2019 whose results were consolidated in the Company's financial statements for all of fiscal 2020 as compared to just the period of fiscal 2019 from the respective closing date of the acquisition through the end of fiscal 2019, including Scott Equipment, Inc., which was acquired in September 2018, and PAC Industries, Inc., which was acquired in February 2019. These increases in revenues were largely offset by a decline in revenues from certain legacy businesses related to the COVID-19 pandemic (as further described below).

Net income for fiscal 2020 decreased by 79% from fiscal 2019. The decrease in net income is primarily attributable the decline in revenues from legacy businesses resulting from the COVID-19

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pandemic and to an increase in operating expenses in connection with investments in the Company's growth strategy, partially offset by an increase in the Company's gross margins.

The Company's operating expenses consist primarily of (a) selling, general and administrative expenses, primarily salaries, and commissions and marketing expenses that are variable and correlate to changes in sales, (b) expenses related to the operation of warehouse facilities, including a fleet of installation and service vehicles, and facility rent, which are payable mostly under non-cancelable operating leases, and (c) operating expenses at the parent company, including compensation expenses, fees for professional services, expenses associated with being a public company, including increased expenses attributable to the Company's growth, and expenses in furtherance of the Company's "buy-and-build" growth strategy.

Impact of COVID-19 on the Company's Business

The COVID-19 pandemic has been, and continues to be, an unprecedented disruption in the economy and has negatively impacted, and may continue to negatively impact, the Company's business and results. Specifically, beginning at the end of the quarter ended March 31, 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic and accompanying economic disruption have caused delays and declines in the placement of customer orders, the completion of equipment and parts installations, and the fulfillment of parts orders. Accordingly, the Company experienced declines in revenue for the most recently completed third and fourth fiscal quarters compared to the same periods of the prior fiscal year. This trend may continue in the near-term and possibly longer, including, without limitation, if the pandemic increases in size and scope, its duration is prolonged or among other matters related thereto, governmental actions, including, without limitation, business restrictions are imposed. In response to the economic and business disruption, the Company has taken actions to reduce costs and spending across the organization, including changes to inventory stock levels, renegotiating payment terms with suppliers, and reducing hiring activities. The Company continues to actively monitor the COVID-19 pandemic and may take further actions, including those that may alter business operations, if required by federal, state or local authorities or otherwise determined to be advisable by management.

The Company is focused on ensuring ample liquidity to meet its business needs. To that end, during May 2020, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries received loans (the "PPP Loans") under the Paycheck Protection Program (the "PPP") established under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the "CARES Act") in the aggregate principal amount of approximately $6.9 million. See "Liquidity and Capital Resources" below for additional information regarding the Company's credit facility and the PPP Loans.

As of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, significant uncertainty exists concerning the magnitude of the impact and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic. Factors arising from the COVID-19 pandemic that have impacted, or may negatively impact, the Company's business and results, including sales and gross margin, in the future include, but are not limited to: limitations on the ability of suppliers to manufacture, or the Company's ability to procure from manufacturers, the products the Company sells, or to meet delivery requirements and commitments; limitations on the ability of the Company's employees to perform their work due to impacts caused by the pandemic or local, state, or federal orders that restrict the Company's operations or the operations of its customers, or require that the employees be quarantined; limitations on the ability of carriers to deliver products to the Company's facilities and customers; limitations on the ability or desire of the Company's customers to conduct their business, purchase products and services and pay for purchases on a timely basis or at all; and decreased demand for products and services.

The situation surrounding COVID-19 remains fluid. The Company is unable to determine or predict the nature, duration, or scope of the overall impact that the COVID-19 pandemic will have on the Company's business, results of operations, liquidity, or financial condition, as such impact will depend on future developments, including the severity and duration of the pandemic and government and other actions taken in response thereto, all of which are highly uncertain. Further, even after the COVID-19 pandemic subsides, the Company may continue to experience adverse impacts to its business as a result of, among other things, any economic impact that has occurred or may occur in the future and changes in customer or supplier behavior.

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Buy-and Build Growth Strategy

Since the implementation of its "buy-and-build" growth strategy in 2015, the Company has consummated 14 business acquisitions, including, without limitation, the following:

On October 10, 2016, the Company purchased substantially all the assets of Western State Design, LLC ("WSD"), a California-based distributor of commercial, industrial, and vended laundry products and provider of installation and maintenance services to the new and replacement segments of the commercial, industrial and vended laundry industry, for a purchase price consisting of $18.5 million in cash and 2,044,990 shares of the Company's common stock.

On October 31, 2017, the Company purchased substantially all of the assets of Tri-State Technical Services, Inc. ("TRS"), a Georgia-based distributor of commercial, industrial, and vended laundry products and provider of installation and maintenance services to the new and replacement segments of the commercial, industrial and vended laundry industry. The consideration paid by the Company in connection with the acquisition consisted of approximately $7.95 million in cash and 338,115 shares of the Company's common stock.

On February 9, 2018, the Company purchased substantially all of the assets of Zuf Acquisitions I LLC (d/b/a/ AAdvantage Laundry Systems) for approximately $11.0 million and Sky-Rent LP for approximately $6.0 million. The acquired businesses are based in Dallas and distribute commercial, industrial, and vended laundry products and provide installation and maintenance services to the new and replacement segments of the commercial, industrial and vended laundry industry. The approximately $20.4 million of total consideration paid by the Company consisted of approximately $8.1 million in cash and 348,360 shares of the Company's common stock.

On September 12, 2018, the Company purchased substantially all of the assets of Scott Equipment, Inc. ("SEI"), a Texas-based distributor of commercial, industrial, and vended laundry products and provider of installation and maintenance services to the new and replacement segments of the commercial, industrial and vended laundry industry. The consideration paid by the Company in connection with this acquisition (the "SEI Acquisition") consisted of approximately $6.5 million in cash and 209,678 shares of the Company's common stock.

On February 5, 2019, the Company acquired PAC Industries Inc. ("PAC"), a Pennsylvania-based distributor of commercial, industrial, and vended laundry products and provider of installation and maintenance services to the new and replacement segments of the commercial, industrial and vended laundry industry, pursuant to a merger whereby PAC merged with and into a newly-formed wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the "PAC Acquisition"). The consideration paid by the Company in connection with the PAC Acquisition consisted of $6.4 million in cash and 179,847 shares of the Company's common stock.

In addition to the SEI Acquisition and the PAC Acquisition, during fiscal 2019, the Company completed the acquisition of four other companies: Industrial Laundry Services, Inc. ("ILS") on September 4, 2018; Washington Automated, Inc. ("WAI") on November 6, 2018; Skyline Equipment, Inc. ("Skyline") on November 14, 2018; and Worldwide Laundry, Inc. ("WWL") on November 16, 2018, each of which is a distributor of commercial, industrial, and vended laundry products and a provider of installation and maintenance services to the new and replacement segments of the commercial, industrial and vended laundry industry. The total consideration for these four transactions consisted of $3.5 million in cash, net of $738,000 of cash acquired, and 141,000 shares of the Company's common stock.

During fiscal 2020, the Company acquired four businesses: Professional Laundry Systems, LLC ("PLS"), which was acquired on August 1, 2019; Large Equipment, Inc. (d/b/a Laundry Systems of Tennessee) and TN Ozone, Inc. (d/b/a Premier Laundry Solutions and Premier Equipment Rental) (collectively "LST"), which were acquired on January 31, 2020; and Commercial Laundry Equipment Company, Inc. ("CLE"), which was acquired on February 28, 2020. The total consideration for the acquisitions completed during fiscal 2020 consisted of $1.6 million in cash (subject to certain working capital and other adjustments), net of $192,000 of cash acquired, the assumption of $129,000 of long-term debt, and the issuance of 132,726 shares of the Company's common stock.

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See Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 of this Report for additional information about the acquisitions completed during fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2019.

Each acquisition was effected by the Company through a separate wholly-owned subsidiary formed by the Company for the purpose of effecting the transaction, whether by an asset purchase or merger, and operating the acquired business following the transaction. In connection with each transaction, the Company, indirectly through its applicable wholly-owned subsidiary, also assumed certain of the liabilities of the acquired business. The financial position, including assets and liabilities, and results of operations of the acquired businesses following the respective closing dates of the acquisitions are included in the Company's consolidated financial statements.

Consolidated Financial Condition

The Company's total assets increased from $154.5 million at June 30, 2019 to $160.7 million at June 30, 2020. The increase in total assets was primarily attributable to the establishment of an operating lease asset in connection with the adoption of Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 842, Leases (Topic 842) ("ASC 842"), effective July 1, 2019, as described in Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 of this Report, an increase in cash, and the assets of the businesses acquired by the Company during fiscal 2020 as described above, partially offset by decreases in working capital, primarily accounts receivable and inventory. The decreases in accounts receivable and inventory were primarily the result of strategic initiatives undertaken in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, including, but not limited to, tightening of extension of credit to customers, increased collection activities and changes to inventory stock levels. The Company's total liabilities decreased slightly from $73.0 million at June 30, 2019 to $72.9 million at June 30, 2020, primarily due to a decrease in long-term debt, partially offset by increases in accounts payable and accrued expenses, increases in customer deposits, and the adoption of the aforementioned new lease accounting standard effective July 1, 2019, resulting in the establishment of an operating lease liability.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

The Company had cash of approximately $9.8 million at June 30, 2020 compared to $5.0 million at June 30, 2019. The increase in cash was primarily due to proceeds from changes in operating assets and liabilities, proceeds from the PPP Loans received by the Company and certain of its subsidiaries during May 2020, and earnings from operations, partially offset by cash used for optional debt repayments under the Company's 2018 Credit Agreement (as defined below), capital expenditures, and cash used to fund the cash consideration paid in connection with the Company's business acquisitions during fiscal 2020.


The following table summarizes the Company's Consolidated Statements of Cash
Flows (in thousands):

                                    Fiscal Years Ended June 30,
Net cash provided (used) by:       2020                       2019
Operating activities          $        23,066$  (8,725 )
Investing activities          $        (4,754 )$ (15,521 )
Financing activities          $       (13,561 )$  27,954

For fiscal 2020, operating activities provided cash of approximately $23.1 million compared to approximately $8.7 million of cash used by operating activities in fiscal 2019. The $31.8 million increase in cash provided by operating activities was primarily attributable to changes in accounts receivable, inventory and customer deposits, as discussed above, partially offset by a decrease in earnings from operations.

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Investing activities used cash of approximately $4.8 million during fiscal 2020 compared to approximately $15.5 million in fiscal 2019. The $10.8 million decrease in cash used by investing activities is due primarily to a decrease in cash consideration paid in connection with acquisitions, partially offset by capital expenditures in furtherance of certain growth initiatives, including capital expenditures in connection with growth initiatives related to the equipment used in the laundry route and rental business in which certain of the Company's subsidiaries are engaged.

Financing activities used cash of approximately $13.6 million in fiscal 2020 compared to approximately $28.0 million in cash provided by financing activities in fiscal 2019. The cash used by financing activities during fiscal 2020 related to total repayments of debt under the Company's 2018 Credit Agreement and $573,000 in share repurchases to settle employee tax withholding obligations upon the vesting of restricted shares or in connection with the grant of unrestricted shares.

On November 2, 2018, the Company entered into a syndicated credit agreement (the "2018 Credit Agreement") for a five-year revolving credit facility in the maximum aggregate principal amount of up to $100 million, with an accordion feature to increase the revolving credit facility by up to $40 million for a total of $140 million. A portion of the revolving credit facility is available for swingline loans of up to a sublimit of $5 million and for the issuance of standby letters of credit of up to a sublimit of $10 million.

Borrowings (other than swingline loans) under the 2018 Credit Agreement bear interest at a rate, at the Company's election at the time of borrowing, equal to (a) LIBOR plus a margin that ranges from 1.25% to 1.75% depending on the Company's consolidated leverage ratio, which is a ratio of consolidated funded indebtedness to consolidated earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) (the "Consolidated Leverage Ratio") or (b) the highest of (i) prime, (ii) the federal funds rate plus 50 basis points, and (iii) the one month LIBOR rate plus 100 basis points (such highest rate, the "Base Rate"), plus a margin that ranges from 0.25% to 0.75% depending on the Consolidated Leverage Ratio. Swingline loans bear interest calculated at the Base Rate plus a margin that ranges from 0.25% to 0.75% depending on the Consolidated Leverage Ratio. The 2018 Credit Agreement has a term of five years and matures on November 2, 2023.

The 2018 Credit Agreement contains certain covenants, including financial covenants requiring the Company to comply with maximum leverage ratios and minimum interest coverage ratios. The 2018 Credit Agreement also contains other provisions which may restrict the Company's ability to, among other things, dispose of or acquire assets or businesses, incur additional indebtedness, make certain investments and capital expenditures, pay dividends, repurchase shares and enter into transactions with affiliates. At June 30, 2020, the Company was in compliance with its covenants under the 2018 Credit Agreement and $12.8 million was available to borrow under the revolving credit facility.

The obligations of the Company under the 2018 Credit Agreement are secured by substantially all of the assets of the Company and certain of its subsidiaries, and are guaranteed, jointly and severally, by certain of the Company's subsidiaries.

On May 21, 2020, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries received PPP Loans totaling approximately $6.9 million in principal amount from Fifth Third Bank, N.A. (the "Lender") under the PPP established under the CARES Act. Each PPP Loan is evidenced by a promissory note dated May 21, 2020 (each, a "Promissory Note") issued by the applicable borrower to the Lender. The term of each PPP Loan is two years. The interest rate on each PPP Loan is 1.00%, which is deferred for the first six months of the term of the PPP Loan. The Promissory Note evidencing each PPP Loan is in the Lender's standard form for loans made by it under the PPP and contains customary events of default relating to, among other things, payment defaults and breaches of representations and warranties or other provisions of the Promissory Note. The occurrence of an event of default may result in a claim for the immediate repayment of all amounts outstanding under the applicable PPP Loan, collection of all other amounts owing from the respective Borrower and filing suit and obtaining judgment against the respective Borrower. Each PPP Loan may be prepaid in whole or in part at any time without penalty.

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The proceeds of the PPP Loans have been and are expected to be used for payroll costs but may also be used for other permitted purposes under the CARES Act, including rent or utility costs. Under the terms of the CARES Act, each borrower can apply for forgiveness for all or a portion of the PPP Loan and, as described below, the Company has agreed to apply and for each of its subsidiaries that received PPP Loans to apply for forgiveness. Such forgiveness will be determined, subject to limitations, based on the use of loan proceeds in accordance with the terms of the CARES Act, as described above, during the 24-week period after loan origination and the maintenance or achievement of certain employee levels. While the Company believes that the proceeds of the PPP Loans have been or will be used only for qualifying expenses in accordance with the terms of the CARES Act, any forgiveness of a PPP Loan will be subject to approval by the Lender and the U.S. Small Business Administration, which is administering the PPP under the CARES Act, and there can be no assurance that any or all of the PPP Loans will be forgiven in whole or in part.

The Company received the consent (the "Consent") of Bank of America, N.A., U.S. Bank National Association, and Fifth Third Bank under the Company's 2018 Credit Agreement in connection with its and its subsidiaries' receipt of the PPP Loans. The Consent, among other things, contains certain representations, warranties and agreements of the Company, including, without limitation, to use the proceeds of the PPP Loan only for permitted expenses under the CARES Act, to timely apply for forgiveness of the PPP Loans, and to maintain all records required to be submitted in connection with the forgiveness of the PPP Loans. The breach of any such representations, warranties or agreements will constitute a default under the 2018 Credit Agreement, subject to any applicable cure periods or provisions thereof.

The Company believes that its existing cash, anticipated cash from operations and funds available under the Company's 2018 Credit Agreement will be sufficient to fund its operations and anticipated capital expenditures for at least the next twelve months. The Company may also seek to raise funds through the issuance of equity and/or debt securities or the incurrence of additional secured or unsecured indebtedness, including in connection with acquisitions or other transactions consummated by the Company as part of its "buy-and-build" growth strategy.

Off-Balance Sheet Financing

As of June 30, 2020, the Company had no off-balance sheet financing arrangements within the meaning of Item 303(a)(4) of Regulation S-K.

Results of Operations

Revenues

Revenues for fiscal 2020 increased by approximately $7.5 million (3%) from fiscal 2019. The increase in revenues was primarily due to a combination of increases in revenues at certain of its legacy businesses and the revenues of the businesses acquired by the Company during fiscal 2020 as described above. In addition, the Company's revenues for fiscal 2020 include a full year of revenues of Scott Equipment and PAC Industries, which were acquired on September 12, 2018 and February 5, 2019, respectively, as compared to approximately nine months and four months of results of Scott Equipment and PAC Industries, respectively, for fiscal 2019. These increases in revenues were largely offset by a decline in revenues at certain of the Company's legacy businesses resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic.

From time to time the Company enters into longer-term contracts to fulfill large complex laundry projects for divisions of the federal government where the nature of, and competition for, such contracts may result in a lower gross margin as compared to other equipment sales. During fiscal 2020, the Company entered into a number of such lower-margin equipment sales. The Company believes that the increase in equipment sales provides a strong foundation for the Company to further strengthen its customer relationships, including that they may in the future result in higher gross margin opportunities from the sale of parts, accessories, supplies, and technical services related to the equipment. Despite the lower gross

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margin from such longer-term contracts, the Company believes that the long-term benefit from the increase in its installed equipment base will outweigh the possible short-term impact to gross margin.

Operating Expenses

                                                Fiscal Year Ended
                                                     June 30,
                                                  2020         2019
As a percentage of revenues:
Cost of sales, net                                     76.6 %   76.9 %
As a percentage of revenues:
Selling, general and administrative expenses           22.2 %   20.0 %


Cost of sales, expressed as a percentage of revenues, decreased to 76.6% in fiscal 2020 from 76.9% in fiscal 2019, representing gross margins of 23.4% in fiscal 2020 and 23.1% in fiscal 2019. The increases were primarily attributable to product and customer mix.

Further, as described above, from time to time the Company enters into longer-term contracts, including to fulfill large complex laundry projects for divisions of the federal government. These contracts generally have a lower gross margin compared to other equipment sales and, as a result, adversely impact the Company's gross margin for periods in which a significant number of these contracts are entered into. However, the Company believes that these contracts will result in higher margin opportunities over the long-term. During fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2019, the Company entered into a number of longer-term federal government contracts, which adversely impacted the Company's gross margin for each such period. In the absence of such longer-term federal government contracts, gross margins for fiscal 2020 as compared to fiscal 2019 decreased 1.0% to 24.2%.

Selling, general and administrative expenses increased by approximately $6.7 million (15%) in fiscal 2020 compared to fiscal 2019. As a percentage of revenues, selling, general and administrative expenses increased to 22.2% in fiscal 2020 from 20.0% in fiscal 2019. The increase in operating expenses is primarily attributable to (a) operating expenses of acquired businesses, (b) additional operating expenses at the acquired businesses in pursuit of future growth and in support of the Company's growing operations, (c) increases in operating expenses at the parent company level in connection with the Company's growth, including greater accounting fees and expenses, legal fees, and insurance costs, (d) the addition of sales, service, and operations support professionals and related costs, as total personnel at June 30, 2020 increased by 5% compared to total personnel at June 30, 2019, with most of such growth attributable to sales and service related personnel, (e) increased investments in sales, service, and operations related technologies in support of the Company's "buy-and-build" growth strategy, and (f) an increase in non-cash amortization expense related to the intangible assets acquired in connection with acquisitions, an increase in depreciation expense and an increase in non-cash share-based compensation.

Interest expense, net was approximately $1.4 million in fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2019, and represents interest on borrowings. Interest expense was flat as the increase in average outstanding debt was offset by a decrease in interest rates under the 2018 Credit Agreement.

The Company's effective income tax rate was 42.5% for fiscal 2020 compared to 33.4% in fiscal 2019. The increase in the effective income tax rate in fiscal 2020 reflects the net impact of permanent book-tax differences resulting primarily from nondeductible compensation.

Inflation

Inflation did not have a significant effect on the Company's operations during either of fiscal 2020 or 2019.

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Transactions with Related Parties

Certain of the Company's subsidiaries lease warehouse and office space from one or more of the principals of the Company or its subsidiaries. These leases include the following:

The Company's wholly-owned subsidiary, Steiner-Atlantic, leases 28,000 square feet of warehouse and office space from an affiliate of Michael S. Steiner, President of Steiner-Atlantic and a former director and officer of the Company, pursuant to a lease agreement dated November 1, 2014, as amended. The lease term was extended during January 2020 to run through October 31, 2020. Monthly base rental payments under the lease are $12,000. In addition to base rent, Steiner-Atlantic is responsible under the lease for costs related to real estate taxes, utilities, maintenance, repairs and insurance. Payments under this lease totaled approximately $148,000 and $146,000 during fiscal 2020 and 2019, respectively.

On October 10, 2016, the Company's wholly-owned subsidiary, Western State Design, entered into a lease agreement pursuant to which it leases 17,600 square feet of warehouse and office space from an affiliate of Dennis Mack, a director and Executive Vice President, Corporate Strategy of the Company, and Tom Marks, Executive Vice President, Business Development of the Company. Monthly base rental payments are $12,000 during the initial term of the lease. In addition to base rent, Western State Design is responsible under the lease for costs related to real estate taxes, utilities, maintenance, repairs and insurance. The lease has an initial term of five years and provides for two successive three-year renewal terms at the option of the Company. Payments under this lease totaled approximately $144,000 during each of fiscal 2020 and 2019.

On October 31, 2017, the Company's wholly-owned subsidiary, Tri-State Technical Services, entered into lease agreements pursuant to which it leases a total of 81,000 square feet of warehouse and office space from an affiliate of Matt Stephenson, President of Tri-State. Monthly base rental payments total $21,000 during the initial terms of the leases. In addition to base rent, Tri-State is responsible under the leases for costs related to real estate taxes, utilities, maintenance, repairs and insurance. Each lease has an initial term of five years and provides for two successive three-year renewal terms at the option of the Company. Payments under these leases totaled approximately $252,000 during each of fiscal 2020 and 2019.

On February 9, 2018, the Company's wholly-owned subsidiary, AAdvantage Laundry Systems, entered into a lease agreement pursuant to which it leases a total of 5,000 square feet of warehouse and office space from an affiliate of Mike Zuffinetti, former Chief Executive Officer of AAdvantage. Monthly base rental payments are $3,950 during the initial term of the lease. In addition to base rent, AAdvantage is responsible under the lease for costs related to real estate taxes, utilities, maintenance, repairs and insurance. The lease has an initial term of five years and provides for two successive three-year renewal terms at the option of the Company. During February 2018, AAdvantage entered into a month-to-month lease agreement with an affiliate of Mike Zuffinetti for a total of 17,000 square feet of warehouse and office space. Monthly base rental payments under this lease were $13,500. This month-to-month lease was terminated on October 31, 2018. In addition, on November 1, 2018, AAdvantage entered into a lease agreement pursuant to which it leases warehouse and office space from an affiliate of Mike Zuffinetti. Monthly base rental payments were $26,000 initially. Pursuant to the lease agreement, on January 1, 2019, the lease expanded to cover additional warehouse space and, in connection therewith, monthly base rental payments increased to $36,000. In addition to base rent, AAdvantage is responsible under the lease for costs related to real estate taxes, utilities, maintenance, repairs and insurance. The lease has an initial term of five years and provides for two successive three-year renewal terms at the option of the Company. Payments under the leases described in this paragraph totaled approximately $481,000 and $369,000 during fiscal 2020 and 2019, respectively.

On September 12, 2018, the Company's wholly-owned subsidiary, Scott Equipment, entered into lease agreements pursuant to which it leases a total of 18,000 square feet of warehouse and office space from an affiliate of Scott Martin, President of Scott Equipment. Monthly base rental payments total $11,000 during the initial terms of the leases. In addition to base rent, Scott Equipment is responsible under the leases for costs related to real estate taxes, utilities, maintenance, repairs and insurance. Each lease has an

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initial term of five years and provides for two successive three-year renewal terms at the option of the Company. Payments under these leases totaled approximately $137,000 and $114,000 during fiscal 2020 and 2019, respectively.

On February 5, 2019, the Company's wholly-owned subsidiary, PAC Industries, entered into two lease agreements pursuant to which it leases a total of 29,500 square feet of warehouse and office space from an affiliate of Frank Costabile, President of PAC Industries, and Rocco Costabile, Director of Finance of PAC Industries. Monthly base rental payments total $14,600 during the initial terms of the leases. In addition to base rent, PAC Industries is responsible under the leases for costs related to real estate taxes, utilities, maintenance, repairs and insurance. Each lease has an initial term of four years and provides for two successive three-year renewal terms at the option of the Company. Payments under these leases totaled approximately $176,000 and $73,000 during fiscal 2020 and 2019, respectively.




Critical Accounting Policies

Use of Estimates

In connection with the preparation of its financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("GAAP"), the Company makes estimates and assumptions, including those that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, contingent assets and liabilities, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reported periods. Estimates and assumptions made may not prove to be correct, and actual results may differ from the estimates. The accounting policies that the Company has identified as critical to its business operations and to an understanding of the Company's financial statements are set forth below. The critical accounting policies discussed below are not intended to be a comprehensive list of all of the Company's accounting policies. In many cases, the accounting treatment of a particular transaction is specifically dictated by GAAP, with no need for management's judgment in their application. There are also areas in which management's judgment in selecting any available alternative would not produce a materially different result.

Revenue Recognition

Performance Obligations and Revenue Over Time

Revenue primarily consists of revenues from the sale or leasing of commercial and industrial laundry and dry cleaning equipment and steam and hot water boilers manufactured by others; the sale of related replacement parts and accessories; and the provision of installation and maintenance services. The Company generates revenue primarily from the sale of equipment and parts to customers. Therefore, the majority of the Company's contracts are short-term in nature and have a single performance obligation (to deliver products), and the Company's performance obligation is satisfied when control of the product is transferred to the customer. Other contracts contain a combination of equipment sales and services expected to be performed in the near-term, which services are distinct and accounted for as separate performance obligations. Significant judgment may be required by management to identify the distinct performance obligations within each contract. Revenue is recognized on these contracts when control transfers to the Company's customers via shipment of products or provision of services and the Company has the right to receive consideration for these products and services. Additionally, from time to time, the Company enters into longer-termed contracts which provide for the sale of the equipment by the Company and the provision by the Company of related installation and construction services. The installation on these types of contracts is usually completed within six to twelve months. The Company recognizes a portion of its revenue over time using the cost-to-cost measure of progress, which measures a contract's progress toward completion based on the ratio of actual contract costs incurred to date to the Company's estimated costs at completion. Significant judgment may be required by management in the cost estimation process for these contracts, which is based on the knowledge and experience of the Company's project managers, subcontractors and financial professionals. Changes in job performance and job conditions are factors that influence estimates of the total contract transaction price, total costs to complete those contracts and the

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Company's revenue recognition. The determination of the total estimated cost and progress toward completion requires management to make significant estimates and assumptions. Total estimated costs to complete projects include various costs such as direct labor, material and subcontract costs. Changes in these estimates can have a significant impact on the revenue recognized each period. From time to time, the Company also enters into maintenance and service contracts. These longer-term contracts, maintenance and service contracts have a single performance obligation where revenue is recognized over time using the cost-to-cost measure of progress, which best depicts the continuous transfer of control of goods or services to the customer.

The Company measures revenue, including shipping and handling fees charged to customers, as the amount of consideration it expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for its goods or services, net of any taxes collected from customers and subsequently remitted to governmental authorities. Costs associated with shipping and handling activities performed after the customer obtains control are accounted for as fulfillment costs.

Revenue from products transferred to customers at a point in time is recognized when obligations under the terms of the contract with the Company's customer are satisfied, which generally occurs with the transfer of control upon shipment.

Revenues that are recognized over time include (i) longer-termed contracts that include equipment purchase with installation and construction services, (ii) maintenance contracts, and (iii) service contracts.

Contract Assets and Liabilities

Contract assets and liabilities are presented in the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheets. Contract assets consist of unbilled amounts resulting from sales under longer-term contracts when the cost-to-cost method of revenue recognition is utilized and revenue recognized exceeds the amount billed to the customer. As noted above, the cost estimation process for these contracts may require significant judgment by management. The Company typically receives progress payments on sales under longer-term contracts as work progresses, although for some contracts, the Company may be entitled to receive an advance payment. Contract assets also include retainage. Retainage represents a portion of the contract amount that has been billed, but for which the contract allows the customer to retain a portion of the billed amount (generally, from 5% to 20% of contract billings) until final contract settlement. Retainage amounts are generally classified as current assets within the Company's consolidated balance sheets. Retainage that has been billed, but is not due until completion of performance and acceptance by customers, is generally expected to be collected within one year. Contract liabilities consist of advanced payments, billings in excess of costs incurred and deferred revenue.

Goodwill

The Company evaluates goodwill for impairment annually or more frequently when an event occurs or circumstances change that indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. Goodwill is tested for impairment at the reporting unit level by first performing a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying value. If the reporting unit does not pass the qualitative assessment, then the reporting unit's carrying value is compared to its fair value. If the fair value is determined to be less than the carrying value, a second step is performed to measure the amount of impairment loss. This step compares the current implied goodwill in the reporting unit to its carrying amount. If the carrying amount of the goodwill exceeds the implied goodwill, an impairment is recorded for the excess. The identification and measurement of goodwill impairment involves the estimation of the fair value of the reporting unit and involves uncertainty because management must use judgment in determining appropriate assumptions to be used in the measurement of fair value. The Company performed its annual impairment test on April 1 and determined there was no impairment.

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Customer Relationships, Tradenames and Other Intangible Assets

Customer relationships, tradenames, and other intangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated amortization. These assets, except for tradenames, are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated future periods to be benefited (5-10 years). The estimates of fair value of the Company's indefinite-lived intangibles and long-lived assets are based on information available as of the date of the assessment and take into account management's assumptions about expected future cash flows and other valuation techniques. The Company reviews the recoverability of intangible assets that are amortized based primarily upon an analysis of undiscounted cash flows from the intangible assets. In the event the expected future net cash flows become less than the carrying amount of the assets, an impairment loss would be recorded in the period the determination is made based on the fair value of the related assets.

Income Taxes

The Company follows Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") ASC Topic 740, "Income Taxes" ("ASC 740"). Under the asset and liability method of ASC 740, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributed to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. Under ASC 740, the effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. If it is determined that it is more likely than not that some portion of a deferred tax asset will not be realized, a valuation allowance is recognized.

Significant judgment is required in developing the Company's provision for income taxes, deferred tax assets and liabilities, and any valuation allowances that might be required against the deferred tax assets. Management evaluates the Company's ability to realize its deferred tax assets on a quarterly basis and adjusts its valuation allowance when it believes that it is more likely than not that the asset will not be realized.

On December 22, 2017, the U.S. government enacted comprehensive tax legislation commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the "Tax Act"). The Tax Act represents significant U.S. federal tax reform legislation that includes a permanent reduction to the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate. Pursuant to Staff Accounting Bulletin ("SAB") No. 118 ("SAB 118"), the Company's measurement period for implementing the accounting changes required by the Tax Act closed on December 22, 2018. The Company completed the accounting for the effects of the Tax Act in the second quarter of fiscal 2019. See Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 of this Report for additional information regarding income taxes.

Recently Issued Accounting Guidance

See Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 of this Report for a description of Recently Issued Accounting Guidance.

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