GSK plc announced positive headline results from the pivotal EAGLE-1 phase III trial for gepotidacin, a potential first-in-class oral antibiotic with a novel mechanism of action for uncomplicated urogenital gonorrhoea in adolescents and adults. The trial met its primary efficacy endpoint, with gepotidacin (oral, two doses of 3,000mg) demonstrating non-inferiority to intramuscular (IM) ceftriaxone (500mg) plus oral azithromycin (1,000mg), a leading combination treatment regimen for gonorrhoea. The result is based on a primary endpoint of microbiological response (success or failure) at the Test-of-Cure (ToC) visit 3-7 days after treatment.

Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It has been estimated that there are 82 million new cases globally each year. In the United States, rates of reported gonorrhoea have increased 118% from 2009 to 2021, with 648,056 cases being reported to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2022.

Gonorrhoea affects both men and women and if left untreated or inadequately treated, it can lead to infertility and other sexual and reproductive health complications. It also increases the risk of HIV infection. The safety and tolerability profile of gepotidacin in the EAGLE-1 phase III trial was consistent with results seen in gepotidacin phase I and II trials.

Detailed results from the EAGLE-1 trial will be presented at an upcoming scientific meeting and shared with global health authorities. GSK is also developing gepotidacin for the potential treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections (uUTI). Positive phase III data from the EAGLE-2 and EAGLE-3 trials were presented at the European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) in Copenhagen in April 2023, and subsequently published in The Lancet.

If approved, gepotidacin could be the first in a new class of oral antibiotics in uUTI in over 20 years. The development of gepotidacin has been funded in whole or in part with federal funds from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Strategic Preparedness and Response, Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, under Other Transaction Agreement number HHSO100201300011C and with federal funds awarded by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency under agreement number HDTRA1-07-9-0002.