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MarketScreener Homepage  >  Equities  >  Tokyo Stock Exchange  >  Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.    7201   JP3672400003

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD.

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Toyota scrambles to ready 'game-changer' EV battery for mass market

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10/27/2017 | 12:16pm EDT
The logo of Toyota Motor Corp. is seen on a company's Corolla car in Caracas

TOKYO (Reuters) - Toyota Motor Corp (>> Toyota Motor Corp) is scrambling to solve outstanding issues as it races to commercialize a battery breakthrough during the first half of the 2020s with the potential to cut the cost of making electric cars.

TOKYO (Reuters) - Toyota Motor Corp (>> Toyota Motor Corp) is scrambling to solve outstanding issues as it races to commercialize a battery breakthrough during the first half of the 2020s with the potential to cut the cost of making electric cars.

All solid-state battery technology is a next-generation, high-capacity energy storage device that improves on today's lithium-ion batteries, replacing the liquid or gel-form electrolyte with a solid, conductive material.

Among other benefits, the new technology offers more capacity and better safety.

"There are a few next-generation battery technologies we're looking at, and the most promising is an all solid-state battery," Toyota Chairman Takeshi Uchiyamada said in an interview ahead of the Tokyo Motor Show, which opened to the public on Friday.

"We're scrambling to finish developing this technology, but a few issues still remain as we try to mass produce this."

Battery life is the biggest of those issues, Uchiyamada said, adding Toyota has developed the know-how to produce all solid-state batteries in such a way as to hit all the technology's performance potential.

But it hasn't yet mastered how to mass produce them to last as intended for a mainstream car that some buyers could expect to drive for 200,000 kms (124,274 miles) or more.

Uchiyamada would not say how long an electric-vehicle (EV) battery should last before it needs replacing, but he dismissed a lifespan of three years. "Nobody would buy a car like that, if you had to replace the battery after just three years," he said.

Toyota, though, appears confident it can complete the commercialization process for the new battery technology.

"We believe our solid-state battery technology can be a game changer, with the potential to dramatically improve driving range," Executive Vice President Didier Leroy told reporters on Wednesday.

While Toyota is still pushing its alternative hydrogen fuel-cell vehicle technology, derided by Tesla Inc (>> Tesla) CEO Elon Musk, Uchiyamada insisted the Japanese firm is not "anti-EV", and is spending heavily in EV technologies such as the solid-state battery.

Dubbed the "Father of the Prius," Uchiyamada, 71, helped set the global auto industry on its path to electrification two decades ago, and believes both electric-battery cars and those with hydrogen fuel-cell technologies will be needed to ultimately replace gasoline cars.

BIGGER CAPACITY, BETTER SAFETY

Toyota believes solid-state battery technology can double the capacity of today's lithium-ion battery technology, and help EVs travel further on a full charge.

The significance of the battery's higher capacity, or energy density, is the potential for Toyota to reduce manufacturing costs for an EV's battery propulsion system. High battery capacity means the technology needs less lithium, cobalt, manganese, nickel or aluminum, allowing automakers to reduce the overall size of an EV propulsion system.

"In automotive manufacturing, smaller and lighter generally means cheaper to produce," another Toyota official said.

Successfully commercializing solid-state battery technology could be key to making electric battery cars as affordable as today's gasoline cars. Experts say this means the cost of producing a kilowatt hour of electricity needs to fall to around $100 from a little under $200/kWh today.

Global automakers are racing to lower battery manufacturing costs to pad out today's thin margins on battery cars.

"We see this tipping point around 2025," says Nissan Motor Co <7210.T> Executive Vice President Daniele Schillaci.

"By then, for the customer, it will be practically the same cost to buy petrol or EV. If you have the same price for EVs and petrol, why would you buy traditional technology?"

All solid-state battery technology should also be safer - as conventional lithium-ion batteries with liquid or a gel-like electrolyte have been known to leak or can ignite when they short-circuit and overheat. These risks are reduced in solid-state batteries, says Uchiyamada.

And, unlike today's lithium-ion batteries, solid-state battery cells don't need to be layered closely together and linked by electric connectors, giving car designers more flexibility to create more space for passengers or storage.

"I'd say that's fairly revolutionary, and I'm sure others are looking at solid-state lithium-ion battery technology to break out of the pack and come up with a safer and more potent energy storage technology," Uchiyamada said.

(Additional reporting by Paul Lienert; Editing by Ian Geoghegan)

By Norihiko Shirouzu

Stocks treated in this article : Tesla, Nissan Motor Co Ltd, Toyota Motor Corp

Stocks mentioned in the article
ChangeLast1st jan.
CAR INC. 7.83% 2.48 End-of-day quote.-53.38%
LINE CORPORATION -0.37% 5370 End-of-day quote.0.37%
NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD. -2.63% 366 End-of-day quote.-42.46%
SPACE CO.,LTD. -1.15% 771 End-of-day quote.-39.62%
TESLA, INC. -5.55% 388.04 Delayed Quote.363.80%
TOKYO ELECTRIC POWER COMPANY HOLDINGS, INCORPORATED -3.58% 269 End-of-day quote.-42.40%
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Financials
Sales 2021 7 805 B 74 550 M 74 550 M
Net income 2021 -538 699 M -5 145 M -5 145 M
Net Debt 2021 6 289 B 60 065 M 60 065 M
P/E ratio 2021 -2,65x
Yield 2021 -
Capitalization 1 432 B 13 695 M 13 679 M
EV / Sales 2021 0,99x
EV / Sales 2022 0,89x
Nbr of Employees 136 134
Free-Float 45,6%
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Mean consensus UNDERPERFORM
Number of Analysts 21
Average target price 436,11 JPY
Last Close Price 366,00 JPY
Spread / Highest target 304%
Spread / Average Target 19,2%
Spread / Lowest Target -45,4%
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Managers
NameTitle
Makoto Uchida Executive President & Chief Executive Officer
Yasushi Kimura Chairman
Ashwani Gupta COO & Representative Executive Officer
Stephen Ma Chief Financial Officer & Executive Officer
Anthony Thomas Chief Information Officer
Sector and Competitors
1st jan.Capitalization (M$)
NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD.-42.46%13 695
TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION-11.81%181 881
VOLKSWAGEN AG-29.02%76 005
DAIMLER AG-10.07%55 356
GENERAL MOTORS COMPANY-5.66%49 931
BMW AG-19.77%44 109