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SCHWEIZERISCHE NATIONALBANK

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Delayed Swiss Exchange  -  11:31 2022-08-17 am EDT
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Central banks opt for shock and awe to tame inflation

06/16/2022 | 09:04am EDT
FILE PHOTO: People go about their day near Norway's central bank building in Oslo

LONDON (Reuters) - The Federal Reserve has just delivered its biggest interest rate rise in over a quarter of a century and even the hitherto dovish Swiss National Bank has taken markets by surprise with an aggressive rate hike.

Here's a look at where policymakers stand in the race to contain red-hot inflation.


Graphic: Rate hike checklist Rate hike checklist -

1) NORWAY

Norway's Norges Bank was the first big developed economy to kick off a rate-hiking cycle last year and has raised rates three times since September. It is expected to increase its 0.75% rate again on June 23 and plans seven more moves by end-2023.

Graphic: Major central banks are hiking rates - https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/xmvjowkqjpr/rates1606.PNG

2) NEW ZEALAND

The Reserve Bank of New Zealand is also one of the world's most hawkish central banks, raising the official cash rate by 50 basis points (bps) to 2% on May 25, a level not seen since 2016. That was its fifth straight rate hike.

It projected rates to double to 4% over the coming year and stay there until 2024. New Zealand inflation reached a three-decade high of 6.9% in the year to Q1, versus a 1-3% target.

Graphic: New Zealand among the most aggressive central banks - https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/jnvwezdkqvw/NZ0706.PNG

3) CANADA

The Bank of Canada delivered a second consecutive 50-bps rate increase to 1.5% on June 1, and said it would "act more forcefully" if needed.

With April inflation at 6.8%, Governor Tiff Macklem has not ruled out a 75-bps or larger increase and says rates could go above the 2%-3% neutral range for a period.

Deputy BoC governor Paul Beaudry has warned of "galloping" inflation and markets price an unprecedented third consecutive 50-bps increase in July.

4) BRITAIN

The Bank of England raised interest rates by a quarter of a percentage point on Thursday and said it was ready to act "forcefully" to stamp out dangers posed by an inflation rate heading above 11%.

The British benchmark rate is now at its highest since January 2009. The BoE, the first major central bank to tighten monetary policy after the COVID-19 pandemic, has now raised borrowing costs five times since December.

Graphic: Sterling -

5) UNITED STATES

The Federal Reserve raised the target federal funds rate on June 15 by three-quarters of a percentage point to a range of between 1.5% and 1.75%.

It acted days after data showed 8.6% annual inflation and has since triggered a market frenzy with expectations growing of even more aggressive responses in coming months.

The Fed is also reducing its $9 trillion stash of assets accumulated during the pandemic.

Graphic: Central bank balance sheets are starting to shrink -- slowly - https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/akvezrwyzpr/balancesheets070622.PNG

6) AUSTRALIA

With the economy recovering smartly and inflation at a 20-year high of 5.1%, the Reserve Bank of Australia raised rates by a surprise 50 bps on June 6. It was the RBA's second straight move after insisting for months policy tightening was way off.

Money markets price in another 50 bps rise in July.

7) SWEDEN

A late-comer to the inflation battle, Sweden's Riksbank raised rates to 0.25% in April in a quarter-point move. With inflation at 6.4%, versus its 2% target, the Riksbank may now opt for bigger moves.

Having said as recently as February that rates would not rise until 2024, the Riksbank expects to hike two or three more times this year.

8) EURO ZONE

Now firmly in the hawkish camp, and facing record high inflation, the ECB said on June 9 it would end bond-buying on July 1, hike rates by 25 bps that month for the first time since 2011 and again in September, likely putting an end to negative rates.

But without details on a tool to prevent borrowing costs for Southern European nations diverging too much above those of Germany, markets will test the ECB's resolve.

The bank now plans to accelerate work on a potential new tool to contain fragmentation, and skew proceeds from maturing pandemic-era bond holdings into stressed markets.

Graphic: Euro zone inflation is at record highs - https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/egpbkwxeovq/ecb0706.PNG

9) SWITZERLAND

On June 16, the Swiss National Bank unexpectedly raised its -0.75% interest rate, the world's lowest, by 50 bps, sending the franc soaring.

Recent franc weakness has contributed to driving inflation towards 14-year highs and SNB governor Thomas Jordan said he no longer sees the franc as highly valued. That has opened the door to bets on more rate hikes; a 100 bps move is now priced for September.

10) JAPAN

That leaves the Bank of Japan as the holdout dove.

BOJ boss Haruhiko Kuroda says the top priority is to support the economy, stressing unwavering commitment to maintaining "powerful" monetary stimulus.

Japanese April core consumer prices rose 2.1% from a year earlier, exceeding the BOJ's target for the first time in seven years. Still, BOJ officials see such cost-push inflation as temporary so there are no signs it will signal a hawkish pivot at its June 17 meeting.

Graphic: BOJ and JP CPI - https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/dwvkrnbyjpm/BOJ%20and%20JP%20CPI.JPG

(Reporting by Sujata Rao, Dhara Ranasinghe and Yoruk Bahceli Additional reporting by Tommy Wilkes and Saikat Chatterjee; Editing by Mark Potter)


© Reuters 2022
Stocks mentioned in the article
ChangeLast1st jan.
AUSTRALIAN DOLLAR / BRITISH POUND (AUD/GBP) -0.88% 0.57527 Delayed Quote.8.56%
AUSTRALIAN DOLLAR / EURO (AUD/EUR) -1.31% 0.68115 Delayed Quote.8.15%
AUSTRALIAN DOLLAR / JAPANESE YEN (AUD/JPY) -0.62% 93.671 Delayed Quote.11.81%
AUSTRALIAN DOLLAR / SWISS FRANC (AUD/CHF) -1.05% 0.65967 Delayed Quote.0.30%
AUSTRALIAN DOLLAR / US DOLLAR (AUD/USD) -1.23% 0.69329 Delayed Quote.-3.32%
BRITISH POUND / EURO (GBP/EUR) -0.46% 1.1837 Delayed Quote.-0.28%
BRITISH POUND / JAPANESE YEN (GBP/JPY) 0.22% 162.73 Delayed Quote.3.06%
BRITISH POUND / SWISS FRANC (GBP/CHF) -0.22% 1.1462 Delayed Quote.-7.62%
BRITISH POUND / US DOLLAR (GBP/USD) -0.39% 1.2046 Delayed Quote.-10.89%
CANADIAN DOLLAR / BRITISH POUND (CAD/GBP) -0.16% 0.642624 Delayed Quote.9.89%
CANADIAN DOLLAR / EURO (CAD/EUR) -0.63% 0.760763 Delayed Quote.9.52%
CANADIAN DOLLAR / JAPANESE YEN (CAD/JPY) 0.05% 104.57 Delayed Quote.13.28%
CANADIAN DOLLAR / SWISS FRANC (CAD/CHF) -0.38% 0.7366 Delayed Quote.1.58%
CANADIAN DOLLAR / US DOLLAR (CAD/USD) -0.57% 0.77396 Delayed Quote.-2.04%
CHINESE YUAN RENMINBI / SWISS FRANC (CNY/CHF) 0.29% 0.1403 Delayed Quote.-2.71%
DANISH KRONE / SWISS FRANC (DKK/CHF) 0.29% 13.018 Delayed Quote.-7.41%
EURO / BRITISH POUND (EUR/GBP) 0.46% 0.84454 Delayed Quote.0.31%
EURO / JAPANESE YEN (EUR/JPY) 0.68% 137.472 Delayed Quote.3.39%
EURO / SWISS FRANC (EUR/CHF) 0.28% 0.96832 Delayed Quote.-7.33%
EURO / US DOLLAR (EUR/USD) 0.06% 1.0174 Delayed Quote.-10.56%
HONGKONG-DOLLAR / SWISS FRANC (HKD/CHF) 0.17% 12.129 Delayed Quote.3.10%
INDIAN RUPEE / BRITISH POUND (INR/GBP) 0.11% 0.010461 Delayed Quote.5.11%
INDIAN RUPEE / EURO (INR/EUR) -0.35% 0.012378 Delayed Quote.4.86%
INDIAN RUPEE / JAPANESE YEN (INR/JPY) 0.31% 1.702562 Delayed Quote.8.34%
INDIAN RUPEE / SWISS FRANC (INR/CHF) -0.08% 0.011989 Delayed Quote.-2.90%
INDIAN RUPEE / US DOLLAR (INR/USD) -0.25% 0.012602 Delayed Quote.-6.39%
JAPANESE YEN / SWISS FRANC (JPY/CHF) -0.41% 0.7039 Delayed Quote.-10.47%
NEW ZEALAND DOLLAR / JAPANESE YEN (NZD/JPY) -0.45% 84.779 Delayed Quote.7.56%
NEW ZEALAND DOLLAR / SWISS FRANC (NZD/CHF) -0.85% 0.597 Delayed Quote.-3.59%
NEW ZEALAND DOLLAR / US DOLLAR (NZD/USD) -1.07% 0.62739 Delayed Quote.-6.95%
RUSSIAN ROUBLE / SWISS FRANC (RUB/CHF) 1.82% 0.015741 Delayed Quote.27.21%
SCHWEIZERISCHE NATIONALBANK 2.33% 6160 Delayed Quote.14.89%
SINGAPORE-DOLLAR / SWISS FRANC (SGD/CHF) -0.06% 0.6883 Delayed Quote.1.52%
SWEDISH KRONA / SWISS FRANC (SEK/CHF) -0.30% 0.091645 Delayed Quote.-9.24%
US DOLLAR / BRITISH POUND (USD/GBP) 0.41% 0.83013 Delayed Quote.12.22%
US DOLLAR / EURO (USD/EUR) -0.06% 0.982898 Delayed Quote.11.89%
US DOLLAR / JAPANESE YEN (USD/JPY) 0.62% 135.103 Delayed Quote.15.70%
US DOLLAR / SWISS FRANC (USD/CHF) 0.19% 0.9516 Delayed Quote.3.70%
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Sales 2021 26 682 M 27 990 M 27 990 M
Net income 2021 26 300 M 27 589 M 27 589 M
Net cash 2021 18 424 M 19 327 M 19 327 M
P/E ratio 2021 0,02x
Yield 2021 0,29%
Capitalization 616 M 646 M 646 M
EV / Sales 2020 -1,03x
EV / Sales 2021 -0,67x
Nbr of Employees 869
Free-Float 76,7%
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