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WARNER BROS. DISCOVERY, INC.

(WBD)
  Report
End-of-day quote Nasdaq  -  2022-09-27
11.79 USD   +4.15%
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WARNER BROS. DISCOVERY, INC. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. (form 10-Q)

08/05/2022 | 06:31am EDT

Management's discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is a supplement to and should be read in conjunction with the accompanying consolidated financial statements and related notes. This section provides additional information regarding our businesses, current developments, results of operations, cash flows and financial condition. Additional context can also be found in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 (the "2021 Form 10-K").

BUSINESS OVERVIEW

On April 8, 2022, Discovery, Inc., a global media company that provides content across multiple distribution platforms including linear, free-to-air and broadcast television, authenticated GO applications, digital distribution arrangements, content licensing arrangements and direct-to-consumer ("DTC") subscription products, completed its merger (the "Merger") with the WarnerMedia business (the "WarnerMedia Business", "WM Business", or "WM") of AT&T Inc. ("AT&T") and changed its name from "Discovery, Inc." to "Warner Bros. Discovery, Inc." ("Warner Bros. Discovery", "WBD", the "Company", "we", "us", or "our"). On April 11, 2022, the Company's shares started trading on the Nasdaq Global Select Market (the "Nasdaq") under the trading symbol WBD. (See Note 3 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.)

Warner Bros. Discovery is a leading global media and entertainment company that creates and distributes the world's most differentiated and complete portfolio of content and brands across television, film and streaming. Available in more than 220 countries and territories and 50 languages, Warner Bros. Discovery inspires, informs and entertains audiences worldwide through its iconic brands and products including: Discovery Channel, discovery+, CNN, DC, Eurosport, HBO, HBO Max, HGTV, Food Network, OWN, Investigation Discovery, TLC, Magnolia Network, TNT, TBS, truTV, Travel Channel, MotorTrend, Animal Planet, Science Channel, Warner Bros. Pictures, Warner Bros. Television, Warner Bros. Games, New Line Cinema, Cartoon Network, Adult Swim, Turner Classic Movies, Discovery en Español, Hogar de HGTV and others.

In conjunction with the Merger, the Company reevaluated and changed its segment presentation and reportable segments for the quarter ending June 30, 2022. As of June 30, 2022, we classified our operations in three reportable segments:

Studios, consisting primarily of the production and release of feature films for initial exhibition in theaters, production and initial licensing of television programs to third parties and our networks/DTC services, distribution of our films and television programs to various third party and internal television and streaming services, distribution through the home entertainment market (physical and digital), related consumer products and themed experience licensing, and interactive gaming;

Networks, consisting principally of our domestic and international television networks; and

DTC, consisting primarily of our premium pay TV and digital content services.

Our segment presentation aligned with our management structure and the financial information management uses to make decisions about operating matters, such as the allocation of resources and business performance assessments. Prior periods have been recast to conform to the current period presentation.

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we exited our operations in Russia and removed all of our channels and services from the market. We do not expect these actions will have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

Impact of COVID-19

We continue to closely monitor the ongoing impact of COVID-19 on all aspects of our business and geographies, including the impact on our customers, employees, suppliers, vendors, distribution and advertising partners, production facilities, and various other third parties. Certain key sources of revenue for WM, including theatrical revenues, television production, studio operations and themed entertainment, have been adversely impacted by governmentally imposed shutdowns and related labor interruptions and constraints on consumer activity, particularly in the context of public entertainment venues, such as cinemas and theme parks.

The nature and full extent of COVID-19's effects on our operations and results are not yet known and will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including new information that may emerge concerning the severity and the extent of future variants or surges of COVID-19, vaccine distribution and efficacy and other actions to contain the virus or treat its impact, among others. Our consolidated financial statements reflect management's estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and related disclosures as of the date of the consolidated financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods presented. Actual results may differ significantly from these estimates and assumptions.

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The discussion below compares our actual and pro forma combined results, as if the Merger occurred on January 1, 2021, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 to the three and six months ended June 30, 2021. Management believes reviewing our pro forma combined operating results in addition to actual operating results is useful in identifying trends in, or reaching conclusions regarding, the overall operating performance of our businesses. Our combined Studios, Networks, DTC, Corporate, and inter-segment eliminations pro forma information is based on the historical operating results of the respective segments and includes adjustments in accordance with Article 11 of Regulation S-X to illustrate the effects of the Merger as if it had occurred on January 1, 2021. The unaudited pro forma combined results include, where applicable, adjustments for (i) additional costs of revenues from the fair value step up of film and television library, (ii) additional amortization expense related to acquired intangible assets, (iii) additional depreciation expense from the fair value of property and equipment, (iv) adjustments for transaction costs and other one-time non-recurring costs, (v) changes to align accounting policies, and (vi) adjustments to eliminate intercompany activity.

Adjustments do not include costs related to integration activities, cost savings or synergies that have been or may be achieved by the combined business. Pro forma amounts are not necessarily indicative of what our results would have been had we operated the combined businesses since January 1, 2021 and should not be taken as indicative of the Company's future consolidated results of operations.

Actual amounts for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 include results of operations for Discovery for the entire period and WM for the period subsequent to the completion of the Merger on April 8, 2022.

Foreign Exchange Impacting Comparability

In addition to the Merger, the impact of exchange rates on our business is an important factor in understanding period-to-period comparisons of our results. For example, our international revenues are favorably impacted as the U.S. dollar weakens relative to other foreign currencies, and unfavorably impacted as the U.S. dollar strengthens relative to other foreign currencies. We believe the presentation of results on a constant currency basis ("ex-FX"), in addition to results reported in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP") provides useful information about our operating performance because the presentation ex-FX excludes the effects of foreign currency volatility and highlights our core operating results. The presentation of results on a constant currency basis should be considered in addition to, but not a substitute for, measures of financial performance reported in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

The ex-FX change represents the percentage change on a period-over-period basis adjusted for foreign currency impacts. The ex-FX change is calculated as the difference between the current year amounts translated at a baseline rate, which is a spot rate for each of our currencies determined early in the fiscal year as part of our forecasting process (the "2022 Baseline Rate"), and the prior year amounts translated at the same 2022 Baseline Rate. In addition, consistent with the assumption of a constant currency environment, our ex-FX results exclude the impact of our foreign currency hedging activities, as well as realized and unrealized foreign currency transaction gains and losses. Results on a constant currency basis, as we present them, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies.

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