stock code : 000063.SZ 763.HK

Annual Report 2017


The Board of Directors, Supervisory Committee and the Directors, Supervisors and senior management of the Company confirm that this report does not contain any false information, misleading statements or material omissions, and collectively and individually accept responsibility for the truthfulness, accuracy and completeness of the contents of this report.

There are no Directors, Supervisors or senior management who do not warrant or who dispute the truthfulness, accuracy and completeness of the contents of this report.

This report has been considered and approved at the Twenty-eighth Meeting of the Seventh Session of the Board of Directors of the Company. Mr. Zhang Jianheng, Vice Chairman, was unable to attend the meeting due to work reasons and has authorised Mr. Luan Jubao, Vice Chairman, to vote on his behalf. Mr. Wang Yawen, Director, was unable to attend the meeting due to work reasons and has authorised Mr. Tian Dongfang, Director, to vote on his behalf. Mr. Richard Xike Zhang, Independent Non-executive Director, was unable to attend the meeting due to work reasons and has authorised Mr. Bingsheng Teng, Independent Non-executive Director, to vote on his behalf. Mr. Lü Hongbing, Independent Non-executive Director, was unable to attend the meeting due to work reasons and has authorised Mr. Chen Shaohua, Independent Non-executive Director, to vote on his behalf. Mr. Zhu Wuxiang, Independent Non-executive Director, was unable to attend the meeting due to work reasons and has authorised Mr. Chen Shaohua, Independent Non-executive Director, to vote on his behalf.

The respective financial statements of the Group for the year ended 31 December 2017 were prepared in accordance with PRC Accounting Standards for Business Enterprises and with Hong Kong Financial Reporting Standards respectively, and had been audited by Ernst & Young Hua Ming LLP and Ernst & Young, and an unqualified auditors' report has been issued by each of them.

During the year, there was no significant deficiency in internal control in relation to financial reporting of the Company, nor was any significant deficiency in internal control in relation to non-financial reporting identified.

Mr. Yin Yimin, Chairman of the Company, Mr. Shao Weilin, Chief Financial Officer of the Company and Mr. Xu Jianrui, Head of Finance Division of the Company, hereby declare that they warrant the truthfulness, accuracy and completeness of the financial reports contained in this report.

In view of the state of affairs of the Company, the proposal for profit distribution for 2017 is as follows: RMB3.3 in cash (before tax) for every 10 shares based on the number of shares held by shareholders (including A shareholders and H shareholders) registered as at the close of business on the record date for profit distribution and dividend payment. The aforesaid matter shall require consideration and approval at the general meeting.

This report contains forward-looking statements in relation to subjects such as future plans, which do not constitute any specific undertakings to investors by the Company. Investors should beware of investment risks. The attention of investors is drawn to the section headed "Report of the Board of Directors (VI) Business outlook of 2018 and risk exposures", which contains a description of the potential risks inherent in the operations of the Company.

This report has been prepared in Chinese and English respectively. In case of discrepancy, the Chinese version shall prevail, except for the financial report prepared in accordance with Hong Kong Financial Reporting Standards, for which the English version shall prevail.

China Securities Journal, Securities Times, Shanghai Securities News and designated media for the Company's information disclosure. Only information of the Company published in the aforesaid media should be relied upon. Investors are asked to beware of investment risks.


  • 2 Definitions

  • 5 Glossary

  • 9 Company Profile

  • 10 Corporate Information

  • 14 Chairman's Statement

  • 18 Major Events of the Group

  • 19 Highlights of Accounting Data and Financial Indicators

  • 25 Summary of the Company's Business

  • 30 Report of the Board of Directors

  • 60 Material Matters

  • 106 Changes in Shareholdings and Information of Shareholders

  • 113 Directors, Supervisors, Senior Management and Employees

  • 129 Corporate Governance Structure

  • 153 Report of the PRC Auditors

  • 159 Financial Statements prepared in accordance with PRC ASBEs and Notes Thereto

  • 324 Independent Auditors' Report

  • 330 Financial Statements prepared in accordance with HKFRSs and Notes Thereto

  • 444 Documents Available for Inspection



In this report, unless the context otherwise requires, the following terms shall have the meanings set out below. Certain other terms are explained in the section headed "Glossary".

Company or ZTE

ZTE Corporation, a limited company incorporated in China, the shares of

which are listed on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange and the Hong Kong Stock

Exchange, respectively

Articles of Association

The Articles of Association of ZTE Corporation

Company Law

Company Law of the People's Republic of China

Securities Law

Securities Law of the People's Republic of China


ZTE and one or more of its subsidiaries

Board of Directors

The board of directors of the Company


Members of the board of directors of the Company

Supervisory Committee

The supervisory committee of the Company


Members of the supervisory committee of the Company

China or PRC

The People's Republic of China


International Telecommunications Union, is a specialised agency of the

United Nations for information and communication technologies


PRC Ministry of Finance


National Development Reform Commission of China


China Securities Regulatory Commission

Shenzhen CSRC

The CSRC Shenzhen Bureau

Shenzhen Stock Exchange

The Shenzhen Stock Exchange

Shenzhen Listing Rules

Rules Governing the Listing of Stocks on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange

Hong Kong Stock Exchange

The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited

Hong Kong Listing Rules

Rules Governing the Listing of Securities on The Stock Exchange of Hong

Kong Limited


Securities and Futures Ordinance (Chapter 571 of the Laws of Hong Kong)


PRC Accounting Standards for Business Enterprise (Generally accepted

accounting principles in China)


Hong Kong Financial Reporting Standards (including Hong Kong Accounting

Standards ("HKASs") and Interpretations)




ZTE (H.K.) Limited


Nubia Technology Limited

Zhongxing Software

Shenzhen Zhongxing Software Company Limited

Great Power

Guangzhou Great Power Energy & Technology Co., Ltd.


Eoptolink Technology Inc., Ltd.

Giga Device

Giga Device Semiconductor (Beijing) Inc.


Shanghai Laimu Electronics Co., Ltd.

Olympic Circuit Technology

Olympic Circuit Technology Co., Ltd.

Mentech Optical

Dongguan Mentech Optical & Magnetic Co., Ltd

Lianchuang Electronic

Lianchuang Electronic Technology Co., Ltd.

Enablence Technologies

Enablence Technologies Inc.

Union Optech

Union Optech Co., Ltd.

ZTE Capital

Shenzhen ZTE Capital Management Company Limited

Zhonghe Chunsheng Fund

Shenzhen Zhonghe Chunsheng Partnership Private Equity Fund I (Limited


Jiaxing Fund

Jiaxing Xinghe Equity Investment Partnership (Limited Partnership)

Medium Term Note(s) or

Perpetual Medium Term Notes

perpetual capital instruments


Shenzhen Zhongxingxin Telecommunications Equipment Company Limited

Mobi Antenna

Mobi Antenna Technologies (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd.


Huatong Technology Company Limited

Nanchang Software

Zhongxing Software Technology (Nanchang) Company Limited

Zhongxing Hetai

Shenzhen Zhongxing Hetai Hotel Investment and Management Company


Zhongxing Development

Zhongxing Development Company Limited

Chongqing Zhongxing

Chongqing Zhongxing Development Company Limited







Xi'an Microelectronics

Xi'an Microelectronics Technology Research Institute

Aerospace Guangyu

Shenzhen Aerospace Guangyu Industrial Company Limited

Zhongxing WXT

Shenzhen Zhongxing WXT Equipment Company Limited

Guoxing Ruike

Zhuhai Guoxing Ruike Capital Management Centre (Limited Partnership)

ZTE Group Finance

ZTE Group Finance Co., Ltd.

ZTE Microelectronics

ZTE Microelectronics Technology Company Limited

2013 Share Option Incentive

the share option incentive scheme considered and approved at the Third


Extraordinary General Meeting of 2013, the First A Shareholders' Class

Meeting of 2013 and the First H Shareholders' Class Meeting of 2013 of the


Relevant U.S. authorities

Bureau of Industry and Security of the United States Department of

Commerce, United States Department of Justice and the Office of Foreign

Assets Control of the United States Department of Treasury

Latest Practicable Date

19 March 2018, being the latest practicable date for the purpose of

ascertaining the contents of this report prior to its printing



This glossary contains definitions of certain technical terms used in this report as they relate to the Group. Some of these definitions may not correspond to standard industry definitions or usage.


Fourth-generation mobile networks operating according to IMT-Advanced standards as defined by ITU, including LTE-Advanced and Wireless MAN-Advanced (802.16m) standards, which support theoretical download rates of 1Gbit/s at fixed locations and 100Mbit/s in motion.


A video device having a resolution of 3840*2160, which is 4 times the resolution of a 2K video.


Fifth-generation mobile communications, which is a general reference to the ensemble of post-4G broadband wireless communication technologies. The general view of the industry is that 5G is capable of providing faster data throughput (1,000 times faster than currently available) and more connections (100 times more than currently available), more efficient utilisation of energy (10 times of the current level of efficiency) and shorter end-to-end time delay (1/5 of the current length of time delay). It goes beyond human-to-human communication to cover a wide range of applications such as ultra-intensive networks, machine-to-machine communication and the internet of vehicles.


Content Delivery Network, a network structure capable of redirecting on a real-time basis a user's request to the closest service node available to such user based on network flow and information of various service nodes such as connection, load, distance from the user and response time.


Infrastructure as a Service, the service that makes available the capacities of IT infrastructures (such as servers, storage and computation) to users through the Internet, the billing of which is based on the actual usage of such resources by the users.


New products and services arising from the integration of IT (information technology) and CT (communications (i.e., the transmission of information) technology).


Internet Data Center, the venue where server groups of hosting corporations, tenants or websites are managed; it is the infrastructure facility underpinning the secure operation of various types of e-commerce activities, as well as a platform that supports value chain management by a corporation and its business alliance (such as distributors, suppliers and customers). IDC provides ICPs, corporations, media and websites with large-scale specialised server management service, space leasing, network bandwidth wholesale, as well as ASP and EC services which are safe and reliable and of high quality.


Internet Protocol Television is a new technology that utilises the broadband cable TV network and integrates Internet access, multimedia and communications in one device, providing a variety of interactive services, such as digital TV, to home users.


A communication technology to create low-power WANs for IOT applications, which is an ultra-long distance wireless transmission solution based on frequency expansion adopted and promoted by Semtech of the United States. Featuring long-distance transmission, long battery life, large capacity and low cost, it is applicable mainly to license-free frequency bands.




Long Term Evolution, referring to fourth-generation mobile communication technologies with OFDM as its core technology, promoted by 3GPP and under continuous evolution. There are two types of LTE, distinguished by the mode of division duplex, namely FDD-LTE of frequency division and TDD-LTE of time division. The mixed operation of FDD-LTE and TDD-LTE is supported. In terms of networking, its supports homogeneous networks formed by macro base stations as well as heterogeneous networks formed by macro base stations and micro base stations.


Narrow Band Internet of Things, a 3GPP-defined LPWAN standard applicable to 3GPP licensed frequency bands specifically designed for IOT connection. It mainly features: 1) connection by massive number of users; 2) substantially stronger coverage compared to traditional cellular network; 3) low power consumption; 4) simplified and optimised radio frequency that reduces cost for end-users.


Network Function Virtualisation, a solution for the construction of telecommunication network units using common servers and storage and network equipment promoted by NFV ISG, a group set up by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) in November 2012. NFV is generally perceived as consisting of three stages: first, implementation of network units through virtualisation technologies; second, deployment on cloud to realise centralisation and cloud-based operation; third, the breakdown of NFV network units into components by function, so that flexible network unit functions are facilitated through different configurations of components.


Optical Transport Network, a transmission network formed at the optical layer based on the wavelength-division multiplexing technology. OTN is a "digital transmission system" and "optical transmission system" regulated by a range of ITU-T recommendations such as G.872, G.709 and G.798, purporting to solve the problems of traditional WDM networks, such as poor modulation in the no-wavelength/sub-wavelength services, weak network formation and weak protection.


Platform as a Service, the provision of services relating to the deployment of and operating environment for software based on cloud computing infrastructure facilities. It is capable of supplying resources required for flexible execution of application procedures and billing is based on actual usage.


Passive Optical Network, a network that provides optical access services to users through the use of passive optical network technology and facilitates conservation of optical fibre resources on the main line through the adoption of a point-to-multipoint topological structure. It also offers flow management and security control functions. PON can be distinguished into FTTH, FTTDp, FTTB and FTTC, etc based on different destinations of optical connection, or GPON, EPON, 10G EPON and XG PON, etc based on different standards.


The adoption of the 5G technology without modifying existing air interfaces standards, providing in advance a 5G-like user experience on existing terminals.


Packet Transport Network, a network commonly using the MPLS-TP technology, designed to cater to the sudden nature of packet flow and the requirement for statistical multiplexing transmission and support multiple services provision with packet services as core services. PTN offers the advantage of lower total cost of use, while inheriting the traditional strengths of optical transmission, such as availability and reliability, efficient bandwidth management and flow, convenient OAM and network management, scalability and higher security.



Rich Communication Suite, which helps carriers to develop the integrated ICT communications network business with the database of users' social connections, leveraging their strengths in network communications. By enabling manufacturers and corporations on the Internet to cooperate through integrated communication, RCS integrates existing VoIP and IM channels into an integrated communications network and accumulates assets relating to users' information, thereby adding value to data flow on the Mobile Internet.


SaaS Software as a Service, an application model for the provision of Internet-based software services that offers commercial services to users at lower costs and eliminates problems of installation, management, support and license, etc relating to the use of software, enabling users to experience services similar to those provided through local operations.


Software Defined Network is a new network structure that transforms a closed-end telecommunication equipment accommodating hardware and software into a novel architecture that features central control, open access and programmable software by separating the control face and the data face.


Wavelength Division Multiplexing, a technology that transmits a number of laser signals with different wavelengths simultaneously on a single optical fiber using multiple lasers, resulting in the exponential increase of the transmission capacity of optical fiber.

Big bandwidth

Higher bandwidth requirements for networks to facilitate Big Video, such as 50M bandwidth required by standard 4K, such that carriers are required to provide greater bandwidth to video users as compared to traditional video services.

Big Data

A data set that is too large and complex to be processed by existing conventional database management technologies and tools, and that requires the use of new data processing and management technologies in order to create value from the set in a speedy and economic manner. It has revolutionary long-term implications for the development of informatisation, smart applications and business models of the society. Big Data is often characterised by 4Vs: Volume, Variety, Velocity and Value.

Big Video

Ultra-high-definition videos such as 4K/8K/VR/AR, as opposed to standard-definition and high-definition videos, which feature richer contents and more exacting requirements for channels, signifying the big video era for the video business.

Distributed database A logically coherent database formed by the interconnection of multiple data storage units located in different physical locations using a high-speed computer network, so as to enable larger storage capacity and higher volume of simultaneous visits.

Core network

Mobile network comprises a wireless access network and a core network, the latter of which provides services such as call control, billing and mobility.

Wearable device

A new form of terminal device featuring the integration of software and hardware worn on the human body, capable of ongoing exchange and a considerable level of computation. It is a product arising from the ongoing developments of communications technologies, computer technologies and micro-electronic technologies under the computational concept of the "priority of people" and "human + machine unification." It may come in the form of watches, bracelets, spectacles, helmets and footwear, etc.




Artificial Intelligence, the use of machine to aid or replace human in doing certain tasks by simulating the sight, hearing, senses and thinking of human.

Data centre

An Internet-based infrastructure centre that operates and maintains equipment for centralised collection, storage, processing and dispatch of data, and provides related services.


Internet Of Things is a massive network connecting all sorts of information sensory devices, such as radio frequency identification units, ultra-red sensors, global positioning systems and laser scanners, to the Internet with the aim of connecting all things to the network for easy identification and management.

Virtual Reality or VR A virtual 3D environment created with the aid of the computer system and sensor technologies, providing the visual experience of a highly simulated reality and immersive human-machine interaction by engaging all senses of users (sight, sound, touch and smell).

Cloud Computing

The concept underlining the fusion of traditional computing technologies such as grid computation and distributed computation with network technology development. The core idea is to centralise the management and modulation of massive computing resources connected through the network, forming a pool of computing resources that serve users on an as-needed basis. Cloud Computing is applied in business models such as SaaS, PaaS and IaaS.

Smart City

The application of information technologies such as Cloud Computing, Internet of Things and Big Data in combination with wireline and wireless broadband communication technologies to sense, analyse and integrate various key information of the core operation systems of the city, so as to make automated responses to various requirements such as livelihood, environmental protection, public security, urban services and industrial/commercial activities, in realisation of smart management and operation of cities, creating better lives for citizens and facilitating harmony in and sustainable development for the city.

Intelligent manufacturing

An integrated intelligent system comprising intelligent machines and human experts which is capable of intelligent activities such as analysing, inferring, making judgments, postulating and making decisions in the manufacturing process, such that manufacturing automation can reach a higher level in terms of flexibility, intelligence and intensification.

Augmented Reality or AR

A technology that superimposes virtual objects not existing in reality onto the real world through 3D registration and "aug-mediation", facilitating a natural interaction between virtual objects and the reality to create faked reality with real-time images, which are further projected to end-to-end technologies and devices of other media via monitoring devices.


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ZTE Corporation published this content on 26 March 2024 and is solely responsible for the information contained therein. Distributed by Public, unedited and unaltered, on 26 March 2024 10:46:02 UTC.