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China power generators' profits tumble on record coal prices

10/27/2021 | 12:43am EST
FILE PHOTO: Men stand by a car near a coal-fired power plant in Shanghai

BEIJING (Reuters) - Earnings for China's power utilities during the first three quarters of 2021 have plunged as the companies were squeezed by surging coal costs that they could not pass on to consumers.

Huadian Power International, a subsidiary of China Huadian Corp on Tuesday reported profits for the January-September period dropped 58% from a year earlier to 1.6 billion yuan ($251 million) with a third-quarter loss of 1.8 billion yuan.

Huaneng Power International, a listed arm of China Huaneng Group, also said their earnings in the first nine months of the year dropped 91% year-on-year to 783.9 million yuan, with a third quarter loss of 3.5 billion yuan.

Both companies blamed the losses on cost increases from a surge in power demand at the same time coal prices jumped with Huadian plainly saying in its statement, "The decrease in net profit was mainly due to the surge in the price of thermal coal."

Other power generators are also preparing investors for losses.

Huadian Energy, also part of Huadian Group, forecast on Oct. 16 a net loss in the January-September period of 522.9 million yuan, versus a loss of 173.1 million yuan a year earlier. The company will report earnings on Oct. 29.

That same day, Datang International Power Generation, part of China Datang Corp, said profits over the first nine months of the year may fall by up to 100% from a year earlier to 2.67 billion yuan. Earnings will be released on Oct. 28.

(For graphics on China utilities -


Chinese power generation firms remain reliant on coal for more than 50% of their electricity generation despite a years-long effort to boost renewable power projects to meet amid Beijing's climate change goals.

Chinese coal prices have gained nearly 190% this year on tight supplies as a result of stringent safety inspections and anti-corruption probes at major mining regions, and heavy rains submerging dozens of coal mines in the northern part of the country.

(For graphics on China's total power use climbed nearly 14% in Jan-Sep 2021 from the same period in 2020 -


Huadian Power International said its operating costs in the first three quarters of the year rose by 38% year-on-year, while Huaneng Power International said costs climbed by 37% during that time.

However, the firms said that their power tariffs only increased by less than 5% in the first nine months of 2021 from a year ago, despite a surge of electricity sales.

Analysts have estimated that a majority of coal-fired power plants in China are loss-making, while the National Energy Administration since July has been warning that a number of power firms in northwestern and northeastern China were facing operational difficulties because of coal shortages.

Earlier this month, China said it will price all electricity generated by coal-fired plants through market trading mechanisms and allow firms to pass more costs to some customers.

But, analysts from CITIC estimated that the power tariff increases would be inadequate to make most coal power plants profitable based on current coal prices, even though they have fallen by 15% in the past week after the government vowed to control them.

(For graphic on China spot and futures coal prices -


The power tariff rise could offset coal costs by up to 179 yuan per tonne but spot prices at the port of Qinhuangdao, a major coal transportation hub, have risen by 437 yuan per tonne this year, CITIC said.

($1 = 6.3844 Chinese yuan)

(Reporting by Muyu Xu and Shivani Singh; Editing by Christian Schmollinger)

By Muyu Xu and Shivani Singh

ę Reuters 2021
Stocks mentioned in the article
ChangeLast1st jan.
GD POWER DEVELOPMENT CO.,LTD -0.35% 2.85 End-of-day quote.-10.09%
HUADIAN ENERGY COMPANY LIMITED -2.53% 2.7 End-of-day quote.-13.46%
HUANENG POWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. -2.73% 8.2 End-of-day quote.-15.38%
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Analyst Recommendations on HUANENG POWER INTERNATIONAL, INC.
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Sales 2021 186 B 29 396 M 29 396 M
Net income 2021 5 238 M 826 M 826 M
Net Debt 2021 251 B 39 660 M 39 660 M
P/E ratio 2021 12,0x
Yield 2021 2,61%
Capitalization 108 B 16 967 M 16 967 M
EV / Sales 2021 1,93x
EV / Sales 2022 1,99x
Nbr of Employees 57 874
Free-Float -
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Number of Analysts 13
Last Close Price 3,70 CNY
Average target price 3,17 CNY
Spread / Average Target -14,3%
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Managers and Directors
Li Xin Huang Chief Financial Officer & Chief Accountant
Ke Yu Zhao Chairman
Shu Qing Li Chairman-Supervisory Board
Meng Zhou Xu Independent Non-Executive Director
Ji Zhen Liu Independent Non-Executive Director