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    NPI   CA6665111002

NORTHLAND POWER INC.

(NPI)
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Northland Power : 2021 Q2áMD&A

08/12/2021 | 12:52pm EDT

Management's Discussion and Analysis

of Northland Power's Financial Position and Operating Results

Table of Contents

SECTION 1: OVERVIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

SECTION 2: NORTHLAND'S OPERATING FACILITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

SECTION 3: CONSOLIDATED HIGHLIGHTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5

3.1: Significant Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5

3.2: Operating Highlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8

SECTION 4: RESULTS OF OPERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

9

4.1: Operating Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

9

4.2: General and Administrative Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

14

4.3: Growth Expenditures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

15

4.4: Consolidated Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

16

4.5: Adjusted EBITDA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

17

4.6: Free Cash Flow and Adjusted Free Cash Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19

SECTION 5: CHANGES IN FINANCIAL POSITION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

22

SECTION 6: EQUITY, LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

23

SECTION 7: SUMMARY OF QUARTERLY CONSOLIDATED RESULTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

27

SECTION 8: CONSTRUCTION, DEVELOPMENT AND ACQUISITION ACTIVITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

27

SECTION 9: OUTLOOK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

30

SECTION 10: LITIGATION, CLAIMS AND CONTINGENCIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

30

SECTION 11: FUTURE ACCOUNTING POLICIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

30

SECTION 12: FINANCIAL RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

30

SECTION 13: CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

31

Management Discussion and Analysis - Second Quarter 2021

1

SECTION 1: OVERVIEW

Introduction

The purpose of this Management's Discussion and Analysis ("MD&A") is to explain the financial results of Northland Power Inc. ("Northland" or the "Company") and to assist the reader in understanding the nature and importance of changes and trends as well as the risks and uncertainties that may affect the operating results and financial position of the Company. This MD&A should be read in conjunction with Northland's unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, and 2020, as well as its audited consolidated financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 ("2020 Annual Report") and Northland's most recent Annual Information Form dated February 22, 2021 ("2020 AIF"). This material is available on SEDAR at www.sedar.com and on Northland's website at www.northlandpower.com.

This MD&A contains forward-looking statements that are based on certain estimates and assumptions that were considered reasonable on August 11, 2021; actual results may differ materially. Certain prior period disclosures have been reclassified for consistency with the current period presentation. Northland's Audit Committee reviewed this MD&A and the associated unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and notes, and its Board of Directors approved these documents prior to their release.

All dollar amounts set out herein are in thousands of Canadian dollars, unless otherwise stated.

Forward-Looking Statements

This MD&A contains forward-looking statements that are based on certain estimates and assumptions that were considered reasonable on August 11, 2021; actual results may differ materially. Forward-looking statements are provided for the purpose of presenting information about management's current expectations and plans. Readers are cautioned that such statements may not be appropriate for other purposes. Northland's actual results could differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, these forward-looking statements and, accordingly, the events anticipated by the forward- looking statements may or may not transpire or occur. Forward-looking statements include statements that are predictive in nature, depend upon or refer to future events or conditions, or include words such as "expects," "anticipates," "plans," "predicts," "believes," "estimates," "intends," "targets," "projects," "forecasts" or negative versions thereof and other similar expressions or future or conditional verbs such as "may," "will," "should," "would" and "could." These statements may include, without limitation, statements regarding Northland's expectations or ability to complete the acquisition of the Spanish Portfolio in the third quarter of 2021, on the terms negotiated by Northland or at all, Northland's ability to integrate the Spanish Portfolio if the acquisition closes, the source of proceeds to pay for the acquisition of the Spanish Portfolio, the timing for energization, testing and commencement of commercial operations at La Lucha as well as related costs, future Adjusted EBITDA, Free Cash Flows (and as adjusted) and per share amounts, dividend payments and dividend payout ratios, guidance, and the closing date of the Offering, the completion of construction, completion, attainment of commercial operations, the potential for future production from project pipelines, cost and output of development projects, litigation claims, plans for raising capital, and the future operations, business, financial condition, financial results, priorities, ongoing objectives, strategies and outlook of Northland and its subsidiaries. These statements are based upon certain material factors or assumptions that were applied in developing the forward-looking statements, including the design specifications of development projects, the provisions of contracts to which Northland or a subsidiary is a party, management's current plans and its perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors that are believed to be appropriate in the circumstances. Although these forward-looking statements are based upon management's current reasonable expectations and assumptions, they are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties. Some of the factors that could cause results or events to differ from current expectations include, but are not limited to, the ability to satisfy all closing conditions to the acquisition of the Spanish Portfolio and the Offering, respectively, risks associated with assets such as those in the Spanish Portfolio, Northland's ability to integrate the Spanish Portfolio, Northland's ability to resolve issues with the Mexican authorities, revenue contracts, impact of COVID-19 pandemic, Northland's reliance on the performance of its offshore wind facilities at Gemini, Nordsee One and Deutsche Bucht for approximately 60% of its adjusted EBITDA and Free Cash Flow, counterparty risks, contractual operating performance, variability of revenue from generating facilities powered by intermittent renewable resources, offshore wind concentration, natural gas and power market risks, operational risks, recovery of utility operating costs, permitting, construction risks, project development risks, acquisition risks, financing risks, interest rate and refinancing risks, liquidity risk, credit rating risk, currency fluctuation risk, variability of cash flow and potential impact on dividends, taxation, natural events, environmental risks, health and worker safety risks, market compliance risk, government regulations and policy risks, utility rate regulation risks, international activities, reliance on information technology, labour relations, reputational risk, insurance risk, risks relating to co-ownership, bribery and corruption risk, legal contingencies, and the other factors described in this MD&A and

2

Management Discussion and Analysis - Second Quarter 2021

the 2020 AIF. Northland's actual results could differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, these forward-looking statements and, accordingly, no assurances can be given that any of the events anticipated by the forward-looking statements will transpire or occur. The forward-looking statements contained in this MD&A are based on assumptions that were considered reasonable as of the date hereof. Other than as specifically required by law, Northland undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after such date or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, whether as a result of new information, future events or results, or otherwise.

Non-IFRS Financial Measures

This MD&A includes references to the Company's adjusted earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization ("Adjusted EBITDA"), Free Cash Flow, Adjusted Free Cash Flow and applicable payout ratios and per share amounts, measures not prescribed by International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), and therefore do not have any standardized meaning under IFRS and may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. Non-IFRS financial measures are presented at Northland's share of underlying operations. These measures should not be considered alternatives to net income (loss), cash flow from operating activities or other measures of financial performance calculated in accordance with IFRS. Rather, these measures are provided to complement IFRS measures in the analysis of Northland's results of operations from management's perspective. Management believes that Northland's non-IFRS financial measures and applicable payout ratio and per share amounts are widely accepted and understood financial indicators used by investors and securities analysts to assess the performance of a company, including its ability to generate cash through operations. For reconciliations of these non-IFRS financial measures to their nearest IFRS measure, refer to Section 4.5: Adjusted EBITDA for a reconciliation of consolidated net income (loss) under IFRS to reported Adjusted EBITDA and Section 4.6: Free Cash Flow and Adjusted Free Cash Flow for a reconciliation of cash provided by operating activities under IFRS to reported Free Cash Flow and Adjusted Free Cash Flow.

Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA represents core operating performance of the business excluding leverage, income tax and non-core accounting items. Adjusted EBITDA is calculated as Northland's share of net income (loss) adjusted for the provision for (recovery of) income taxes; depreciation of property, plant and equipment; amortization of contracts and other intangible assets; net finance costs; interest income from Gemini; fair value (gain) loss on derivative contracts; unrealized foreign exchange (gain) loss; (gain) loss on sale of development assets; equity accounting; costs attributable to an asset or business acquisition and other adjustments as appropriate, such as management and incentive fees earned by Northland from non- wholly owned assets. For clarity, Northland's Adjusted EBITDA reflects a reduction for its share of general and administrative costs during development and construction that do not qualify for capitalization.

Management believes Adjusted EBITDA is a meaningful measure of Northland's operating performance because it excludes certain items included in the calculation of net income (loss) that may not be appropriate determinants of long-term operating performance.

Free Cash Flow

Free Cash flow represents the cash generated from the business that management believes is representative of cash available to pay dividends, while preserving the long-term value of the business. Free Cash Flow is calculated as Northland's share of cash provided by operating activities adjusted for short-term changes in operating working capital; non- expansionary capital expenditures; interest incurred on outstanding debt; scheduled principal repayments and upfinancings; major maintenance and debt reserves; interest income from Northland's subordinated loan to Gemini; proceeds from government grants; preferred share dividends; net proceeds from sale of development assets; and other adjustments as appropriate, including, but not limited to, lease payments. Free Cash Flow excludes pre-completion revenue required to service debt and related operating costs for projects under construction and excludes costs attributable to an asset or business acquisition.

For clarity, Northland's Free Cash Flow reflects a reduction for expenditures on development activities until an advanced project qualifies for capitalization under IFRS. Free cash flow for EBSA includes proceeds from ongoing planned debt upsizing in excess of expansionary capital expenditures. Where Northland controls the distribution policy of its investments, Free Cash Flow reflects Northland's share of the investment's underlying Free Cash Flow, otherwise, Northland includes the cash distributions received from the investment. Free Cash Flow from foreign operations is translated to Canadian dollars at the exchange rate Northland realizes on cash distributions.

Management believes Free Cash Flow is a meaningful measure of Northland's ability to generate cash flow, after on-going obligations, to fund dividend payments.

Management Discussion and Analysis - Second Quarter 2021

3

Adjusted Free Cash Flow

Commencing with the 2020 Annual Report, Northland introduced Adjusted Free Cash Flow, a supplementary non-IFRS Free Cash Flow measure, and associated per share amounts and payout ratios. Adjusted Free Cash Flow is calculated by excluding growth-related expenditures from Free Cash Flow. Management believes this measure provides a relevant presentation of cash flow generated from the business before investment-related decisions (refer to Section 4.3: Growth Expenditures for additional information). Management believes Adjusted Free Cash Flow is a meaningful measure of Northland's ability to generate cash flow, after on-going obligations, to reinvest in growth and fund dividend payments.

The Free Cash Flow and adjusted payout ratios, calculated using Free Cash Flow and Adjusted Free Cash Flow, respectively, demonstrate the proportion of the respective measure paid as dividends, whether in cash, or in shares under Northland's dividend reinvestment plan (DRIP). The net payout ratios indicate the proportion of Free Cash Flow paid as cash dividends. The payout ratios generally reflect Northland's ability to fund growth-related expenditures and sustain dividends.

SECTION 2: NORTHLAND'S OPERATING FACILITIES

As of June 30, 2021, Northland owns or has a net economic interest in 2,266 megawatts (MW) of power-producing facilities with a total operating capacity of approximately 2,681 MW and a regulated utility. Northland's operating assets provide stable cash flow and are located in Canada, Germany, the Netherlands and Colombia. Northland's power-producing facilities produce electricity from clean energy sources for sale primarily under long-term PPAs or other revenue arrangements with creditworthy customers. Northland's utility is a distributor and retailer of electricity compensated under a regulated framework. Refer to the 2020 AIF for additional information on Northland's operating facilities as of December 31, 2020.

Northland's MD&A and unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements include the results of its operating facilities, the most significant of which are presented below:

Year of Commercial

Gross

Net

Operations or

Geographic

Economic

Production

Production

Acquisition

region (1)

interest

(2)

Capacity (MW)

Capacity (MW)

Offshore Wind

Gemini

2017

The Netherlands

60%

600

360

Nordsee One

2017

Germany

85%

332

282

Deutsche Bucht

2020

Germany

100%

252

252

Efficient Natural Gas

Iroquois Falls

1997

Ontario

100%

120

120

Kingston

1997

Ontario

100%

110

110

Kirkland Lake (3)

1993

Ontario

77%

132

102

North Battleford

2013

Saskatchewan

100%

260

260

Spy Hill

2011

Saskatchewan

100%

86

86

Thorold

2010

Ontario

100%

265

265

Onshore Renewable

Cochrane

2015

Ontario

63%

40

25

Grand Bend

2016

Ontario

50%

100

50

Jardin

2009

Québec

100%

133

133

McLean's

2014

Ontario

50%

60

30

Mont Louis

2011

Québec

100%

101

101

Solar

2014

Ontario

100%

90

90

Utility

EBSA

2020

Colombia

99%

n/a

n/a

Total

2,681

2,266

  1. Operating efficient natural gas and onshore renewable facilities are located in Canada.
  2. As at June 30, 2021, Northland's economic interest was unchanged from December 31, 2020.
  3. Northland indirectly controls 100% of the voting interest of Kirkland Lake, while third-parties have non-voting ownership interests. Northland's effective net economic interest in Kirkland Lake is approximately 77%.

4

Management Discussion and Analysis - Second Quarter 2021

SECTION 3: CONSOLIDATED HIGHLIGHTS

3.1: Significant Events

Significant events during the first half of 2021 and through the date of this MD&A are described below. Refer to SECTION 8: CONSTRUCTION, DEVELOPMENT AND ACQUISITION ACTIVITIES for additional information on projects and acquisitions.

COVID-19 and Business Update

The COVID-19 pandemic ("COVID-19") has had significant effects across global economies and sectors, including reduced power demand within the renewable energy sector. Each of Northland's operating facilities are deemed to be essential infrastructure and, as such, operations have continued uninterrupted to date.

Management has taken prudent and comprehensive measures to safeguard the health and well-being of all employees, contractors as well as host communities. All of Northland's facilities continue to operate as expected and preventative measures remain in place in accordance with Northland's crisis response plans and applicable local government directives. Management continues to actively monitor the situation, which remains uncertain, and may take further actions as required or recommended by authorities.

There have been no material adverse effects on Northland's ability to meet working capital requirements, debt covenants, or continue future growth activities as a result of COVID-19. As such, there are currently no impairment indicators identified for Northland's financial and non-financial assets as a result of COVID-19. As the situation evolves, management will continue to assess if any material changes to the key assumptions for the recoverable amounts of Northland's assets have taken place.

While the vast majority of Northland's revenues are contracted under long-term agreements with creditworthy counterparties, there is some, yet limited, exposure to the wholesale market price of electricity at the offshore wind facilities and to unpaid curtailment from negative prices. Refer to 4.1: Operating Results for additional information. Refer to SECTION 12: FINANCIAL RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES for additional information on risks associated with COVID-19.

Management believes the Company continues to have sufficient liquidity available to address the impact of COVID-19, while executing on its growth objectives. As at June 30, 2021, Northland had access to $1,445 million of cash and liquidity, comprising $838 million of liquidity available under a syndicated revolving facility and $607 million of corporate cash on hand. On August 11, 2021, $522 million of cash was used to fund purchase price consideration for the Spanish Portfolio.

Growth Updates:

To achieve its long-term growth objectives, Northland established regional development offices to secure certain growth opportunities across the globe. The activity from these offices has generated an active portfolio of projects at various stages of development and construction. The successful achievement of commercial operations of these projects is expected to deliver long-term, sustainable growth in the Company's Adjusted EBITDA, Free Cash Flow and Adjusted Free Cash Flow. The following provides updates on the progress being made on Northland's active development portfolio.

Spanish Renewables Acquisition

On August 11, 2021, Northland completed its previously announced acquisition of a Spanish operating portfolio of onshore renewable projects (the "Spanish Portfolio") with a total combined net capacity of 551 MW. The transaction included the acquisition of minority interests not included in the initial announced transaction. The Spanish Portfolio includes 33 operating assets comprised of onshore wind (435 MW), solar photovoltaic (66 MW), and a concentrated solar (50 MW) located throughout Spain. Total cash consideration was €348 million ($522 million) with the assumption of debt totaling €716 million ($1,075 million). The acquisition was funded using proceeds from Northland's common equity offering completed on April 14, 2021.

The Spanish Portfolio immediately places Northland as a top ten renewable power operator in Spain and creates a platform for growth in an attractive market for renewables. Northland intends to leverage the acquisition of the Spanish Portfolio to build a platform with asset management, development, and operations and maintenance capabilities that can competitively pursue onshore renewables acquisition and development opportunities across Europe over the next decade.

Green Financings Executed

Northland introduced its Green Financing Framework in February of this year, to allow the Company and its subsidiaries to issue green bonds, loans (corporate and project level) and other financing instruments for Eligible Green Projects. The focus of the Green Financing initiatives is to support climate change mitigation efforts by developing and investing in renewable energy infrastructure assets that increase green energy production. Northland has successfully executed its first two green

Management Discussion and Analysis - Second Quarter 2021

5

This is an excerpt of the original content. To continue reading it, access the original document here.

Disclaimer

Northland Power Inc. published this content on 11 August 2021 and is solely responsible for the information contained therein. Distributed by Public, unedited and unaltered, on 12 August 2021 16:51:04 UTC.


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Sales 2021 2 009 M 1 622 M 1 622 M
Net income 2021 168 M 136 M 136 M
Net Debt 2021 6 438 M 5 196 M 5 196 M
P/E ratio 2021 44,7x
Yield 2021 3,02%
Capitalization 8 989 M 7 262 M 7 255 M
EV / Sales 2021 7,68x
EV / Sales 2022 6,56x
Nbr of Employees 1 150
Free-Float 90,8%
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Managers and Directors
Mike Crawley President & Chief Executive Officer
Pauline Alimchandani Chief Financial Officer
John Wycliffe Brace Chairman
Marie Bountrogianni Independent Director
Russell Goodman Lead Independent Director