Shell said in June it would pause the disposal of local assets until the court ruled on an appeal brought by its subsidiary Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria Ltd (SPDC) and partner NNPC Ltd against a lower court judgment.
On Friday, the Supreme Court ruled that it had jurisdiction over the matter and would hear the substantive case. The court did not immediately set a date for the hearing.
"We believe in the merits of our case and are encouraged that the Nigerian Supreme Court is hearing this matter. We look forward to the hearing of our main appeal," an SPDC spokesperson said.
The case started with a Federal High Court ruling in November 2020 that ordered Shell to pay 800 billion naira ($1.8 billon) to communities of Egbalor Ebubu in Rivers state, who accused the firm of an oil spill that damaged waterways and farms.
In March, the Appeal Court upheld the judgment and ordered Shell to deposit the money in an account controlled by the court.
Shell denies causing the spill.
(Reporting by MacDonald Dzirutwe in Lagos and Tife Owolabi in Yenagoa; Editing by Toby Chopra)