* UK's Johnson flags 'Glasgow Breakthroughs' on green tech
* India's Modi says grids going to provide critical
* U.S., UAE announce sustainable agriculture plan
(Adds energy analyst's comments)
GLASGOW/BOSTON, Nov 2 (Reuters) - Britain and India
introduced a plan on Tuesday to improve connections between the
world's electricity power grids to accelerate the transition to
Linking the grids would allow parts of the world with excess
renewable power to send it to areas with deficits. For instance,
countries where the sun has set could draw power from others
still able to generate solar electricity.
The "Green Grids Initiative" at the COP26 climate talks https://www.reuters.com/business/cop
in Glasgow, Scotland, was backed by more than 80 countries and
could set a model for how rich countries help poorer ones to
reduce their emissions and meet the goal of capping global
warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 Fahrenheit) above
"If the world has to move to a clean and green future, these
interconnected transnational grids are going to be critical
solutions," Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi said in a
U.S. independent energy expert Matthew Wald said the plan
underscored how renewable energy sources need more transmission
lines since they must often be built far from cities, unlike
coal or gas-fired plants whose fuel can be shipped in.
But Wald said planners in various countries - including the
former Soviet Union - have long dreamed of cheap transmission
across time zones with limited progress. Although powerline
technology has improved in recent years, Wald and others said
the plan would require spending large sums.
"We're talking about transmission networks that will need to
be undersea. They will need to cross mountain ranges. They'll
need to cross deserts" said Kartikeya Singh, senior associate at
Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies,
The official announcement of the trans-national grid plan
did not include cost figures or funding details. Modi and
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson had previously outlined the
plan. On Monday, Modi had said India would reach net zero https://www.reuters.com/world/india/modi-says-india-targets-net-zero-emissions-by-2070-2021-11-01
carbon emissions by 2070, two decades later than scientists say
Although seen as sceptical of efforts to slow climate
change, Modi has attended the conference, while leaders of other
major emitters, including China and Russia, are not attending in
The grids plan showed Modi willing to move the world's
second-most populous nation away from fossil fuels as long as
developed countries help, said Julie Gorte, senior vice
president for sustainable investing at Impax Asset Management.
"Left to their own devices India is going to build coal
plants," she said.
The plan is part of a broader attempt to speed up the roll
out of affordable low-carbon technology, covering more than 70%
of the global economy.
Announcing the first five goals of the plan, dubbed the
"Glasgow Breakthroughs", Johnson flagged targets to push clean
power, zero emissions autos, near-zero emission steel,
low-carbon hydrogen and climate-resilient agriculture.
The United States and the United Arab Emirates, meanwhile,
began an initiative, with $4 billion in backing, to help farming
adapt to climate change.
(Reporting by William James and Simon Jessop in Glasgow,
Scotland and Ross Kerber in Boston; additional reporting by Jane
Lanhee Lee in Oakland, Calif. editing by Barbara Lewis and Grant