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    RIO   AU000000RIO1

RIO TINTO GROUP

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Rio, other miners, should adopt "10th man" to reform boards: Russell

09/14/2020 | 08:00am EDT

(Repeats item issued earlier. The opinions expressed here are those of the author, a columnist for Reuters.)

LAUNCESTON, Australia, Sept 14 (Reuters) - Rio Tinto's board may have stemmed the bleeding of the mining giant's public image with the belated dumping of Chief Executive Jean-Sébastien Jacques after a widely-panned initial punishment for blowing up two significant Aboriginal rockshelters.

Jacques, along with iron ore boss Chris Salisbury and Simone Niven, head of corporate relations, the unit responsible for dealing with indigenous communities, will depart in the wake of the fallout over the destruction of the caves at an iron ore mine in Western Australia state.

But if Rio's board of directors thinks this is the end of the issue, they are likely to be mistaken -- and they are also likely to face increasing scrutiny of their own role in the saga.

The destruction of the caves at Juukan Gorge wasn't illegal, but it drew the ire of the local Aboriginal people, and the concern over Rio's actions didn't take long to spread to investors, politicians and the wider public.

The company's board initially responded by cutting the bonuses of Jacques and the other executives, apologising and promising new procedures to ensure something similar didn't happen again.

But these moves were condemned by investors and activists as a mere slap on the wrist, and a sign that Rio still didn't really understand the importance of community relations.

The question that should be asked is whether Rio's board has the right people to drive a process whereby environment, social and governance (ESG) issues are placed at the heart of the organisation.

This is a question that should also be extended to Rio's global peers, such as BHP Group, Glencore and Anglo American.

Looking at the independent directors of these four global mining titans reveals that while they have made some progress on gender and racial diversity, most of the directors have similar backgrounds, raising the possibility of group thinking.

The independent directors of Rio include three people with investment banking backgrounds, four from oil and gas, one geologist, one former public servant/diplomat and one academic, with a background in public policy.

BHP's board has three directors with diverse manufacturing and industry backgrounds, three mining executives, a former oil and gas executive, two investment bankers and an executive with a technology background.

Glencore and Anglo American have a largely similar collection of independent directors, with industry, mining and banking backgrounds.

This doesn't suggest these directors don't have valuable skills, but they may lack the sort of experience that comes with handling complex ESG issues.

THE TENTH MAN

Imagine for a moment how the conversation may have gone when the Rio board discussed what action to take against Jacques and the other executives in the wake of Juukan Gorge cave blasts.

Was there any board member with the necessary experience to recognise that Rio would be flayed in the media, did anyone ask how would this be perceived by investors and the wider public?

It may well be the case that there was vigorous and heated discussion among Rio's directors, but the initial response showed they didn't understand the depth of the problem they were dealing with.

What the board probably needed was somebody akin to the Israeli "tenth man" theory, a so-called devil's advocate who is able to present a completely contrarian position to what the rest of the board may think.

But for such a director to function effectively, they would have to come from a background very different to the majority of Rio's current independent directors.

They could not be part of what may be termed the "directors club," where people sit on multiple boards of top-flight companies.

They could not be an executive from the same industry, or indeed from related industries, and they couldn't be an investment banker, lawyer or accountant.

One suggestion is to appoint a recently retired senior business journalist or editor, somebody whose first instinct is to ask: "How would I report this decision, what would I ask the chairman and the chief executive?"

Business leaders, by nature of the still largely hierarchal nature of their organisations, are more used to people telling them what they want to hear and having people agree with them.

Somebody who has spent a career questioning what they are being told, challenging corporate public relations-speak and focusing on the real importance of issues would be of extreme value to a board.

It's relatively easy, and comfortable for the existing board, to find like-minded people with extensive business experience to help steer and oversee a diverse business such as Rio.

Finding somebody to constantly challenge the board, the management and their decisions would be far harder, and less comfortable for the incumbents.

But until companies like Rio realise the game has changed, and ESG likely will become the main driver of their business success, they are likely to prove unwilling to make the dramatic changes the situation clearly justifies. (Editing by Richard Pullin)


© Reuters 2020
Stocks mentioned in the article
ChangeLast1st jan.
ANGLO AMERICAN PLC 0.58% 2790 Delayed Quote.14.46%
BHP GROUP -2.45% 46.52 End-of-day quote.9.64%
GLENCORE PLC 1.89% 306.95 Delayed Quote.29.29%
LONDON BRENT OIL 0.12% 74.92 Delayed Quote.42.48%
RIO TINTO GROUP -0.61% 123.47 End-of-day quote.8.47%
WTI 0.18% 73.169 Delayed Quote.49.08%
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Financials (USD)
Sales 2021 60 562 M - -
Net income 2021 21 240 M - -
Net cash 2021 1 751 M - -
P/E ratio 2021 6,34x
Yield 2021 12,2%
Capitalization 135 B 135 B -
EV / Sales 2021 2,19x
EV / Sales 2022 2,66x
Nbr of Employees 47 500
Free-Float 65,3%
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Technical analysis trends RIO TINTO GROUP
Short TermMid-TermLong Term
TrendsNeutralNeutralBullish
Income Statement Evolution
Consensus
Sell
Buy
Mean consensus HOLD
Number of Analysts 24
Average target price 89,47 $
Last Close Price 80,65 $
Spread / Highest target 58,0%
Spread / Average Target 10,9%
Spread / Lowest Target -26,0%
EPS Revisions
Managers and Directors
NameTitle
Jakob Stausholm Chief Executive Officer & Executive Director
Peter Lloyd Cunningham Chief Financial Officer & Executive Director
Simon Robert Thompson Chairman
Arnaud Soirat Chief Operating Officer
Megan Clark Independent Non-Executive Director
Sector and Competitors
1st jan.Capitalization (M$)
RIO TINTO GROUP8.47%134 031
BHP GROUP9.64%161 064
RIO TINTO PLC5.89%134 031
ANGLO AMERICAN PLC14.46%47 841
GRUPO MÉXICO, S.A.B. DE C.V.6.81%33 197
SAUDI ARABIAN MINING COMPANY (MA'ADEN)42.47%18 638