TORONTO, Nov 25 (Reuters) - Canada has ordered more COVID-19
vaccine doses per capita than any other country - at least 194
million and up to 414 million doses for its population of 38
With limited manufacturing capacity, six of the vaccines the
country has ordered will have to be imported and the first are
unlikely to arrive before early 2021, while a candidate from
Quebec's Medicago is likely at least six months from approval.
The following outlines what to expect for COVID-19 vaccines
WHICH VACCINES COULD BE AVAILABLE IN CANADA?
Canada has announced purchase deals with Moderna Inc
, Pfizer Inc, Novavax Inc, Johnson &
Johnson, Sanofi SA with GlaxoSmithKline Plc
, AstraZeneca Plc, and Medicago.
In the unlikely event all seven are approved, Canada could
buy enough doses to vaccinate the country more than five times
The vaccines will be distributed free through the provincial
WHEN WILL THE FIRST DOSES ARRIVE?
Moderna, Pfizer and AstraZeneca have announced trial data
that showed their vaccines were highly effective. They are
seeking to accelerate the essential regulatory approval for
their vaccines by using Canada's new rolling review process.
Canadian officials have not given a precise timeline for
deliveries, but said they expect to receive a combined six
million doses of Moderna and Pfizer's vaccines by the end of
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau warned Canadians on Tuesday
that manufacturers are likely to provide their own countries
with vaccines first.
"Countries like the United States, Germany and the UK do
have domestic pharmaceutical facilities, which is why they are
obviously going to prioritize helping their citizens first, he
Michael Mullette, managing director of Moderna's Canadian
unit, said timing of shipments will depend in part on which
countries have approved its vaccine, noting that Canada has been
working to speed up the regulatory process.
"Canada is certainly one of the first countries to have an
agreement with us, and will be serviced very quickly," he said.
Canada announced a deal with Moderna on Aug. 5. The European
Union finalized a supply deal with Moderna on Tuesday.
WHEN COULD THE FIRST CANADIANS BE VACCINATED?
This depends on regulatory approvals. Health Canada said
last week that it could approve one or more vaccine early in the
first quarter of 2021.
Procurement Minister Anita Anand said on Tuesday that under
Canada's purchase contracts, vaccine makers will not make
deliveries until their products are approved.
WHO WILL GET THE VACCINE FIRST?
Canadian provincial governments will have the final say,
Health Minister Patty Hajdu told a parliamentary committee
According to preliminary guidance published by the federal
government in early November, more vulnerable people will be
prioritized for vaccination. They would include those at high
risk of severe illness or death from COVID-19, such at the
Others likely to be in the early waves of inoculations are
healthcare workers, people providing essential services such as
workers at food processing plants and grocery store staff, and
other people whose living or working conditions put them at
elevated risk of infection, "and where infection could have
disproportionate consequences, including Indigenous
WILL CANADA REQUIRE VACCINATION?
Hajdu in late August said no vaccines are federally mandated
in Canada, and the COVID-19 vaccine would be no different.
She noted that there are provincial rules related to school
admission, with exceptions.
"We believe that people have a choice in Canada about
whether or not to be vaccinated, but we also believe that we
have an important responsibility as Canadians to take
vaccinations to protect our communities," she said.
(Reporting by Allison Martell; Editing by Steve Scherer and